Memory Debugging Tools
The gdb debugger has been extended with new commands that make it easier to track down and fix excessive memory usage within programs and libraries.
This functionality was created by Fedora contributor David Malcolm, and we believe it is unique to Fedora.
- Name: Dave Malcolm
- Email: <firstname.lastname@example.org>
- Targeted release: Fedora 28
- Last updated: 2010-07-08
- Percentage of completion: 20%
Preparing upstream project for initial launch: https://fedorahosted.org/gdb-heap/
Initial version of code uploaded
The new "gdb-heap" package adds a new "heap" command to /usr/bin/gdb.
The command allows you to get a breakdown of how that process is using dynamic memory.
It allows for unplanned memory usage debugging: if a process unexpectedly starts using large amounts of memory you can attach to it with gdb, and use the heap command to figure out where the memory is going. You should also be able to use it on core dumps.
We believe this approach is entirely new, and is unique to Fedora 14.
Benefit to Fedora
This feature could be of great use to developers and system administrators: it provides a new way of analyzing how a process uses memory, without requiring advance planning.
It is unique to Fedora (it makes heavy use of the gdb/python integration we have in Fedora), and was developed by a Fedora contributor (who is a Red Hat engineer).
Code is isolated, as an extension to gdb, written in Python.
- I'm tracking development of the code in the upstream tracker here:
- Package the code in RPM form, add it to Fedora
- Ensure that it's available without the user needing excessive configuration; ideally, if the rpm is installed, then you get the command automagically
- Add it to comps so that it's suggested for installed by default if gdb is installed.
How To Test
No special hardware is needed.
You will need to install the gdb-heap package (not yet packaged)
- Pick a process on your system (either as root, or one of your own processes)
- Use "gdb attach PID" to connect to it
python import heapto register the "heap" command
- Use the "heap" command and its various subcommands (as described on the upstream website)
- Ensure that all results look correct, and that there are no Python tracebacks within gdb.
Ideally the amount of "uncategorized" data should not be a substantial proportion of the overall size of the dynamically-allocated memory; if it is, then that may be a bug.
There's a baseline of functionality that I'm developing on top of Fedora 13's gdb.
Some features require additional work in gdb, which I've filed RFE bugs for. Naturally this will require coordination with gdb to ensure that they land in Fedora 14:
- RHBZ #610241: RFE: please expose "info symbol ADDRESS" in the python API
- RHBZ #610249: RFE: notification about changes in the inferior process
None necessary, simply remove the package