How to debug printing problems
If you experiencing a problem with printing, please take a look at the common bugs page before filing a bug. If the problem you are seeing is not listed there or none of the workarounds seem to help, please consider filing a bug report to help us make Fedora run better on your hardware.
Identifying your problem area
The first thing to try is to run the printing troubleshooter: System > Administration > Printing from the main menu, then Help > Troubleshoot from the menu bar. This will ask a series of questions about the problem you are experiencing, with the aim of finding the reason for the problem.
One step in this process is to print a test page. There is a button in the troubleshooter to print a test page for you, but if the problem you are seeing is specific to printing from a certain application, or printing a certain document, just go ahead and print from that application or print that particular document. The print job will appear in the troubleshooting window -- just put a tick in the box next to that print job to say that it is the one you are having trouble with.
If the problem was not found automatically you will be given the option to save the diagnostic information collected during the troubleshooting process in a file named
troubleshoot.txt. If you report a bug you should attach this file, not compressed, with the MIME type set as text/plain.
What make and model is my printer?
Each different printer has a model-specific Device ID. The printing troubleshooter attempts to collect this information from the printer, but you can do it yourself with the lpinfo command:
su -c "lpinfo -l -v"
This will output a series of blocks of lines, each one like this:
Device: uri = usb://HP/DESKJET%20990C?serial=U123456789AB class = direct info = HP DESKJET 990C make-and-model = HP DESKJET 990C device-id = MFG:HEWLETT-PACKARD;MDL:DESKJET 990C;CMD:MLC,PCL,PML;CLS:PRI NTER;DES:Hewlett-Packard DeskJet 990C;SN:U123456789AB;S:00808880800010032C100000 0C2000000;P:0800,FL,B0;J: ; location =
The line which identifies this particular model type is the long one that starts "device-id =" (shown here wrapping over three lines).
Which driver am I using?
The PPD file for the printer queue can tell you which driver is in use. For a queue called Charlie, you can use this command to find out which driver is being used:
grep '^*NickName:' /etc/cups/ppd/Charlie.ppd
You can also find this out using the system-config-printer application. Double-click on the icon for the queue and look at the Make and Model field.
To see the available drivers, click on the Change... button next to that field. You might find it useful to try another driver to see if that shows the same problem.
Finding where the problem lies
When a print job is processed it is sent through a chain of filters to convert the file into a format the printer can understand, and then finally sent to a backend, a program which can transport the data to the printer. By slightly changing how you print you can try a different printing path to see if that changes anything. If it works around the problem, you know which area the problem was in -- include that information in a bug report so that we can fix it.
Try printing from a different application to see if the problem goes away or if it occurs regardless of how a file is printed. Try printing the document from the command line using the lp command.
If you are having problems printing PDF files, try printing other types of file to see if the problem is with printing anything or if it is specific to printing PDF files. Try converting the file to a different format and printing that.
Backend (job transport)
It may be possible for you to try a different backend. Using system-config-printer, double-click on the printer queue icon and click the Change... button next to the Device URI field. You may see a Connection expander arrow near the bottom right hand corner of the window -- click that to see which backends are available. For USB-connected HP printers, typically either of the hp and usb backends can be used.
For network printers you may have different protocols you can try.
- socket is for HP JetDirect (usually port 9100)
- lpd is for older style UNIX print shares
- smb is for CIFS shares from Windows systems
- ipp is for Internet Printing Protocol-enabled devices and also for other CUPS servers
Filing a bug report
Problems involving printing may relate to several components: the configuration GUI is system-config-printer, back end components include cups (the actual printing sytem used by default), foomatic (the main driver and printer information database), and hpijs (the drivers used for HP printers). If you are not sure, make your best guess.
Be prepared to include some information about your system as well. Some of this can be gathered automatically using the printing troubleshooter, but you may also need to include other information such as:
- the PPD file for the print queue (from the
- the document you are attempting to print -- if this is large, please try to see if the problem also occurs with a smaller document