How to use IRC

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This document covers '''installing and using X-chat''', a popular IRC client. It also covers installing BitchX one of the most popular IRC clients of all time. You may also be interested in a video by [[KushalDas | Kushal Das]]: [http://kushal.fedorapeople.org/xchat1.ogg Using Xchat]
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This document covers '''installing and using HexChat''', a popular and easy to use IRC client.
  
 
Alternative clients include:
 
Alternative clients include:
* [https://github.com/BitchX/BitchX1.2/wiki BitchX] - A powerful terminal based IRC client with built in SSL and SASL support (yum install BitchX)
 
 
* http://webchat.freenode.net/ (no additional software required)
 
* http://webchat.freenode.net/ (no additional software required)
* [https://addons.mozilla.org/firefox/16/ Chatzilla firefox extension]
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* [https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/chatzilla/?src=ss Chatzilla firefox extension]
* A list of [http://www.ircreviews.org/clients/platforms-unix.html popular linux clients]
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* A list of [http://www.ircreviews.org/clients/platforms-unix.html popular linux clients] (outdated)
  
== How to install X-Chat ==
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== How to install HexChat ==
 
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To check if you have X-Chat installed in your system, type following command:
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<pre>
 
<pre>
$ rpm -q xchat
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$ sudo yum install hexchat
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
If it's not installed, install it with following command.
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== How to connect ==
  
<pre>
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Upon starting HexChat you will be greeted with a list of networks.
$ su -c 'yum install xchat'
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Before connecting you may want to set ''Nick Name'' to something unique.
</pre>
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Now, you should be able to open X-Chat client from '''Applications''' > '''Internet''' > '''IRC'''
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Once that is done with ''freenode'' active hit the ''Connect'' button.
  
== Registration ==
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A prompt suggesting a channel to join pops up, select nothing and ignore
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this for now.
  
I tried to /join #fedora, but for some reason I ended up in #fedora-unregistered? What happened?
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== How to join #fedora ==
  
#fedora requires you to register with freenode and identify with nickserv before you can join the channel.  
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To join a channel you simply use the command <code>/join #channel</code> but
See http://www.wikihow.com/Register-a-User-Name-on-Freenode for information on how to do this.
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''#fedora'' specifically requires registration on this network.
Once you are identified you can join the main #fedora channel for support.  
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See https://freenode.net/faq.shtml#registering for information on how to do this.  
  
== How to join Fedora Project IRC Meeting ==
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Once you have registered and identified you can join the channel as well as
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others such as #fedora-meetings.
  
For example, if you want to join [[Ambassadors/Meetings|  Fedora Ambassadors Meetings]] :
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== How to automate logging in and joining ==
  
# Open X-Chat: Applications > Internet > IRC
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To avoid identifying and joining every time you can configure the network
# Type your choice of <code>Nick name</code>, <code>User name</code> and <code>Real name</code>
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in the network list ''(ctrl+s) > freenode > edit''.
# Highlight <code>FreeNode</code> (formerly Open<code></code>Projects.net) and click Edit.<br/>[[Image:Communicate_IRCHowTo_xchat-server-list.png]]
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# Highlight <code>irc.freenode.net</code>
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# Type in fedora
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# Register your nick. Refer http://www.wikihow.com/Register-a-User-Name-on-Freenode
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# Type in your password in <code>Server password</code> and click Close.<br/>[[Image:Communicate_IRCHowTo_xchat-fedora-mktg.png]]
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Click on Connect button to connect to freenode IRC network.
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Here you can check ''Connect to this network automatically'' if you like.
  
{{Anchor|Protocol}}
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In order to identify for freenode you need:
== Meeting Protocol ==
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* ''Login type'' to be SASL (this is default)
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* ''User Name'' to match your nickserv account
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* ''Password''
  
This only applies to certain IRC meetings. Others are usually more casual.
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See https://freenode.net/sasl/sasl-hexchat.shtml for images.
  
* Please watch what others are doing and do not interrupt
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Then switch to the ''Autojoin channels'' tab on that prompt
* If you have a question, type "?"
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and hit ''Add'' to add various channels to join.
* If you need to speak, type "!"
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* If you're done speaking, type "eof"
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* If you agree, type "+1"
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* See more in [http://fedoraunity.org/fup/meeting-guidelines/ fedora-unity-project-meeting-guidelines]
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== What are the Basic IRC commands ==
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You can also just right click on any channel tab to add
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autojoin channels and auto-connecting networks without opening
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the network list.
 +
 
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== What are the Basic HexChat/IRC commands ==
  
 
* <code>/help</code> - Shows all commands.
 
* <code>/help</code> - Shows all commands.
* <code>/nick NewNickName</code> - Changes the Nick<code></code>Name (limited to 9 characters).
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* <code>/help Command</code> - Shows command usage.
* <code>/names</code> - Shows all Nick<code></code>Names on that channel.
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* <code>/nick NewNickName</code> - Changes the Nick<code></code>Name.
 
* <code>/whois NickName</code> -  Shows basic whois info for a Nick<code></code>Name.  To see more info, use <code>/msg NickServ info NickName</code>
 
* <code>/whois NickName</code> -  Shows basic whois info for a Nick<code></code>Name.  To see more info, use <code>/msg NickServ info NickName</code>
* <code>/away AwayMessage</code> -  Leaves a message when you are away from channel. Use <code>/away</code> by itself when you return.
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* <code>/away AwayMessage</code> -  Leaves a message when you are away from channel. Use <code>/back</code> when you return.
 
* <code>/quit QuitMessage</code> - Leaves a message when you quit IRC channel.
 
* <code>/quit QuitMessage</code> - Leaves a message when you quit IRC channel.
  
 
For more information, see [http://www.irchelp.org/irchelp/irctutorial.html#cmds]
 
For more information, see [http://www.irchelp.org/irchelp/irctutorial.html#cmds]
 
== How to create a login script for a private channel in X-Chat ==
 
 
Create login script:
 
<pre>
 
$ cd ~/.xchat2
 
$ vi login-script.txt
 
 
msg chanserv invite #private-channel
 
join #private-channel
 
</pre>
 
 
Use following information in X-Chat:
 
* IRC Server: irc.freenode.net
 
* Channels to join: #private-channel
 
* Connect command: load -e ~/.xchat2/login-script.txt
 
* Server password: {your password}
 
 
 
== What is the difference between NickServ Password and Server Password in X-Chat ==
 
 
Technically speaking, they aren't the same.  X-Chat has knowledge of the
 
NickServ system, and will automatically send a message to NickServ when
 
prompted to save you the hassle.  Server passwords are a more embedded part
 
of IRC and are passed during the early connection phase, before you are fully
 
operational on the network and before you join channels.  NickServ, part of
 
freenode services, was added to their IRC system to enable user management
 
that is not part of the original IRC protocol.  Other networks may also use
 
NickServ, but it usually works a little differently.  It has proven very
 
flexible and valuable.  Server passwords were initially used as part of an
 
authentication system at connect time for IRC servers, but are now used by
 
freenode to create a shortcut for NickServ services.  Other IRC networks
 
often work things a little differently, but similar practices have become
 
widespread because they do work quite well.
 
 
freenode services, as are permitted by Hyperion IRCD and powered by a custom
 
backend, allow a number of features to be added and used that are not part of
 
the IRC protocol.  NickServ is used to interface with user account features.
 
ChanServ is used to interface with channel management features.  Other
 
services are handled transparently using more typical IRC components.  These
 
kinds of techniques are how IRC has evolved over the original [http://rfc.net/rfc1459.html RFC 1459]
 
standard to survive in a useful fashion for the last 13 years.
 
 
-- PatrickBarnes
 
  
 
== How to create Fedora IRC cloaks for the freenode network ==
 
== How to create Fedora IRC cloaks for the freenode network ==
Line 121: Line 72:
 
== Where can I find a list of Fedora Project IRC channels ==
 
== Where can I find a list of Fedora Project IRC channels ==
  
* See http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Communicate#IRC
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* See https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Communicating_and_getting_help?rd=Communicate#IRC
  
  
 
[[Category:Communicate]]
 
[[Category:Communicate]]
 
[[Category:How to]]
 
[[Category:How to]]

Latest revision as of 23:16, 24 December 2014

This document covers installing and using HexChat, a popular and easy to use IRC client.

Alternative clients include:

Contents

[edit] How to install HexChat

$ sudo yum install hexchat

[edit] How to connect

Upon starting HexChat you will be greeted with a list of networks. Before connecting you may want to set Nick Name to something unique.

Once that is done with freenode active hit the Connect button.

A prompt suggesting a channel to join pops up, select nothing and ignore this for now.

[edit] How to join #fedora

To join a channel you simply use the command /join #channel but #fedora specifically requires registration on this network. See https://freenode.net/faq.shtml#registering for information on how to do this.

Once you have registered and identified you can join the channel as well as others such as #fedora-meetings.

[edit] How to automate logging in and joining

To avoid identifying and joining every time you can configure the network in the network list (ctrl+s) > freenode > edit.

Here you can check Connect to this network automatically if you like.

In order to identify for freenode you need:

  • Login type to be SASL (this is default)
  • User Name to match your nickserv account
  • Password

See https://freenode.net/sasl/sasl-hexchat.shtml for images.

Then switch to the Autojoin channels tab on that prompt and hit Add to add various channels to join.

You can also just right click on any channel tab to add autojoin channels and auto-connecting networks without opening the network list.

[edit] What are the Basic HexChat/IRC commands

  • /help - Shows all commands.
  • /help Command - Shows command usage.
  • /nick NewNickName - Changes the NickName.
  • /whois NickName - Shows basic whois info for a NickName. To see more info, use /msg NickServ info NickName
  • /away AwayMessage - Leaves a message when you are away from channel. Use /back when you return.
  • /quit QuitMessage - Leaves a message when you quit IRC channel.

For more information, see [1]

[edit] How to create Fedora IRC cloaks for the freenode network

  • Add your IRC nick in FreenodeCloaks
  • Once your Fedora IRC cloak has been created, people will not see your real hostname.
  • Instead they will see something like yournick@fedora/yournick

[edit] Where can I find a list of Fedora Project IRC channels