Fedora mirror servers use Tiering, whereby a select few fast mirrors get read access to the master rsync servers, and all the other mirrors pull from those mirrors.
It turns out, 9 of our 10 Tier 0 or Tier 1 mirrors are available over Internet2. And, over half of our total mirrors are reachable over Internet2. So, let's make use of that whereever we can.
For our purposes, define:
- master: The Fedora servers dl*.fedoraproject.org
- Tier 0: The fast mirrors which pull from Red Hat's Internet2-connected master
- Tier 1: The fast mirrors which pull from the master or Tier 0 servers
- Tier 2: The mirrors that pull from the Tier 1 servers.
Properties of Tier 0 and 1 mirrors:
- Limit the number of Tier 1 mirrors to 10, to ensure adequate bandwidth for these. Adjust number up or down depending on capability of the masters.
- Must carry everything under fedora-enchilada and fedora-epel. This allows Tier 2 mirrors to exclude what they wish, but get everything if they so wish. This means at least 1TB of disk space for the Fedora portion of this server.
- Must have a 1 Gigabit connection to the Internet, or faster.
- Must have an active, available, responsive mirror administrator during the days content is staged.
- Must have at least 2 Internet2-connected Tier 1 mirrors.
- Must have at least 1 Tier 1 mirror on each continent for which we have Tier 2 mirrors
- Must serve private rsync (see below for configuration)
- dl0.fedoraproject.org, in Phoenix, AZ, USA.
- dl.fedoraproject.org is a DNS round-robin to dl.
- download.fedora.redhat.com is also a DNS round-robin to dl now.
- download-i2.fedoraproject.org in Raleigh, NC, USA (Internet2, NLR, and those reachable over NLR only) This is the preferred master mirror for downstreams reachable on Internet2.
- download-i2.fedora.redhat.com is also a DNS round-robin to download-i2 now.
Tier 0 Mirrors
Tier 0 mirrors can pull from Red Hat directly over the Internet2 connection.
|Server||Comment||Contact for ACL|
|fedora-archives.ibiblio.org||Internet2 / National Lamba Rail (NLR) connected hosts.||<firstname.lastname@example.org> No ACLs - open for syncing.|
|archive.linux.duke.edu||Internet2. Uses ACL from MirrorManager database.||Drew Stinnett <drew.stinnett at duke.edu> (spacepope on IRC)|
Tier 1 Mirrors
Tier 1 mirrors pull from one of the master or Tier 0 mirrors.
|Server||Comment||Contact for ACL|
|kernel.org|| mirrors1.kernel.org, mirrors2.kernel.org - USx2, mirrors3.kernel.org - NL, mirrors4.kernel.org - SE
Do not sync from mirrors.kernel.org, choose one of the ones above and use that.
|<ftpadmin at kernel.org>|
|wpi.edu||IPv6-connected or Internet2-connected mirrors only||Chuck Anderson <cra at wpi.edu>|
|rsync.hrz.tu-chemnitz.de||rsync.hrz.tu-chemnitz.de::fedora-enchilada/. Uses ACL from MirrorManager database .||guenther.fischer at hrz.tu-chemnitz.de|
|fedora-rsync.ftp.pub.2iij.net||rsync://fedora-rsync.ftp.pub.2iij.net/fedora-enchilada||mirror-contact at iij.ad.jp|
|ftp.heanet.ie||IPv6 and Internet2 connectivity. ftp.heanet.ie::fedora-enchilada, ftp.heanet.ie::fedora-epel||mirrors at heanet.ie|
|mirror.speedpartner.de||IPv4 and IPv6||mirror at speedpartner.de|
|fedora.c3sl.ufpr.br||South America||Carlos Carvalho carlos at fisica.ufpr.br|
Tier 1 Rsync configuration
Below is an example rsyncd.conf file for a Tier 0 or Tier 1 mirror that provides private rsync access to select downstream Tier 2 mirrors. You may do this via either IP or DNS-based access control, or by a shared username/password which you give to your selected Tier 2 mirrors directly.
The key to this is that the Tier 0/1 mirror rsyncs content using a user account (e.g. mirror used below), and you serve content to Tier 2 mirrors using a private rsync module that runs as that same user account, while providing public non-authenticated rsync using the nobody account. In this way, Tier 2 mirrors may obtain content before the permissions are made world readable.
use chroot = yes uid = nobody gid = nobody dont compress = *.gz *.tgz *.zip *.z *.rpm *.deb *.bz2 *.iso *.ogg *.ogv *.tbz exclude = .snapshot/ .~tmp~/ /.private/ /.private/** **/.nfs* ignore nonreadable = yes list = true read only = yes refuse options = checksum [ fedora-enchilada ] comment = Fedora - The whole enchilada path = /srv/pub/fedora [ fedora-epel ] comment = Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux path = /srv/pub/epel ## ## The following are not seen and are limited by IP. ## [fedora-enchilada0] comment = Fedora Enchilada for Tier0|1 Mirrors path = /srv/pub/fedora/ list = no uid = mirror gid = mirror hosts allow = (IP or DNS address) ... [fedora-epel0] comment = Fedora EPEL for Tier0|1 Mirrors path = /srv/pub/epel/ list = no uid = mirror gid = mirror hosts allow = (IP or DNS address) ...