Networking

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* [[Features/NetworkManagerCLIAddConnection]]
 
* [[Features/NetworkManagerCLIAddConnection]]
  
=== Contacts for this section of the Fedora Wiki ===
+
=== Contacts ===
  
* [[User:pavlix|Pavel Šimerda]]
+
Name: [[User:pavlix|Pavel Šimerda]]
 +
Email: psimerda@redhat.com
 +
IRC: pavlix, #nm at freenode
 +
 
 +
Use the above contacts or [[Talk:Networking]] for discussions about
 +
[[Networking]] page, its subpages, related pages and covered topics. Add yourself
 +
to the contacts if you want to help me maintaining this set of
 +
information resources.

Revision as of 08:24, 27 November 2012

Networking features are nowadays important for virtually all users of Fedora and other linux distributions. Fedora's main network use cases are laptops, desktops, servers and virtualization. Fedora could also be used for routers, becoming part of networking infrastructure.

Contents

Networking concepts and configuration

Most prominent projects involved in linux networking

Notable networking problems

Only platform bugs that can influence various application and/or the overall behavior of the system belong here.

Kernel

  • Bridge: Adding first interface after setting MAC address changes the MAC address
  • IPv4: Kernel can't store DHCP lifetime and cannot mark IPv6 addresses dynamic (in the DHCP sense)
  • IPv6: Kernel ignores RA router preference
  • IPv6: Tempaddr cycling breaks TCP connections prematurely
  • IPv6: Kernel doesn't cache RDNSS and DNSSL
  • IPv6: Kernel doesn't provide default route information when defrtr is disabled
  • IPv6: Kernel doesn't provide prefix route information when pinfo is disabled

libnl

  • rtnl_link_bond_add() succeeds when device already exists
  • rtnl_link_bridge_add() and rtnl_link_vlan_add missing

iproute

  • iproute won't distinguish bridges and bonds
  • iproute won't show vlan id

GLIBC

dhclient

Avahi

NetworkManager

Testing tools

  • ping doesn't support IPv6 (you have to use ping6)
  • netstat and ss won't mark non-v6only sockets

Various applications

  • Assume that getaddrinfo() returns only one address and/or that such the first returned address works. See Networking/NameResolution.

Peaces of the puzzle

  • Interface for static IPv4 and IPv6 configuration (kernel)
  • Interface for bridging/bonding/vlan configuration (kernel)
  • Interface for DNS configuration (/etc/resolv.conf)
  • DHCP client implementation for IPv4 automatic configuration (dhclient)
  • RA client implementation for IPv6 address configuration (kernel, with workarounds in NetworkManager)
  • RDNSS/DNSSL client implementation for IPv6 DNS configuration (NetworkManager through kernel, with workarounds)
  • DHCP client implementation for IPv6 address/DNS/other configuration (dhclient)
  • IPsec, VPN and tunneling implementations (various daemons)
  • A network management daemon to properly manage all of the above together with user configuration (NetworkManager)
  • Networking API for applications (glibc, with many problems)

I may have missed something but the objective is to show that networking is rather complex and the various tools need to be centrally managed by a network management service in order to make users and administrators happy.

You can only live without network configuration daemons if you use static IP configuration and you avoid encrypted wireless networks at the same time. You can live with just wpa_supplicant and dhclient only if you are used to do most of the stuff yourself. Virtually all linux distributions now converge to network solutions based on network configuration daemons.


Examples of such daemons (without feature comparison):

  • NetworkManager
  • connman (MeeGo)
  • WICD
  • netifd (OpenWRT)
  • netcfg (Archlinux)
  • wicked

Yeah, it's a lot of fun writing new and new network configuration daemons.

Features to be proposed at some point of time

Contacts

Name: Pavel Šimerda Email: psimerda@redhat.com IRC: pavlix, #nm at freenode

Use the above contacts or Talk:Networking for discussions about Networking page, its subpages, related pages and covered topics. Add yourself to the contacts if you want to help me maintaining this set of information resources.