Packstack to Quantum

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The following is a description of how to go from Packstack with traditional nova networking to Quantum. In the example below the OpenvSwitch plugin is used:
 
The following is a description of how to go from Packstack with traditional nova networking to Quantum. In the example below the OpenvSwitch plugin is used:
 +
 +
{{admon/warning|Single host setup only|The instructions below assume an all-in-one setup. If you have several compute nodes, you'll at least have to open port 9696 on the controller and copy some portions of nova.conf to each and every node.}}
  
 
1. Terminate nova networking
 
1. Terminate nova networking
Line 41: Line 43:
 
     ONBOOT=yes
 
     ONBOOT=yes
  
6. Start quantum service
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6. Configure quantum is using the root wrapper to call ovs-vsctl (also, comment out any other root_helper configuration, just in case)
 +
 
 +
    sed -e 's|^[^#]\W*root_helper\W|#&|' -e 's|root_helper\W=\Wsudo|&\nroot_helper = sudo /usr/bin/quantum-rootwrap /etc/quantum/rootwrap.conf|' -i /etc/quantum/quantum.conf
 +
    service quantum-server restart
 +
 
 +
7. Start quantum service
  
 
     service quantum-server start
 
     service quantum-server start
 
     chkconfig quantum-server on
 
     chkconfig quantum-server on
  
6.1 Start quantum agent
+
7.1 Start quantum agent
  
 
     service quantum-openvswitch-agent start
 
     service quantum-openvswitch-agent start
 
     chkconfig quantum-openvswitch-agent on
 
     chkconfig quantum-openvswitch-agent on
  
7. In order for the IPAM to take place one needs to invoke the DHCP agent. Use the DHCP setup tool
+
8. In order for the IPAM to take place one needs to invoke the DHCP agent. Use the DHCP setup tool
  
 
     quantum-dhcp-setup
 
     quantum-dhcp-setup
  
7.1. Start DHCP agent
+
8.1. Start DHCP agent
  
 
     service quantum-dhcp-agent start
 
     service quantum-dhcp-agent start
 
     chkconfig quantum-dhcp-agent on
 
     chkconfig quantum-dhcp-agent on
  
8. In order to support floating IP's one need to invoke the Layer 3 agent. Use the L3 agent setup tool
+
9. In order to support floating IP's one need to invoke the Layer 3 agent. Use the L3 agent setup tool
  
 
     quantum-l3-setup
 
     quantum-l3-setup
  
8.1. Start the L3 agent
+
9.1. Start the L3 agent
  
 
     service quantum-l3-agent start
 
     service quantum-l3-agent start
 
     chkconfig quantum-l3-agent on  
 
     chkconfig quantum-l3-agent on  
  
9. Ensure that the openvswitch cleanup utility is enabled (this is used after reboot to ensure that device management of the quantum agents is not affected by the fact that the openvswitch creates the interfaces at boot)
+
10. Ensure that the openvswitch cleanup utility is enabled (this is used after reboot to ensure that device management of the quantum agents is not affected by the fact that the openvswitch creates the interfaces at boot)
  
 
     chkconfig quantum-ovs-cleanup on
 
     chkconfig quantum-ovs-cleanup on
  
10. Create a Quantum endpoint with keystone
+
11. Create a Quantum endpoint with keystone
  
 
     keystone service-create --name=quantum --type=network --description="Quantum Service"
 
     keystone service-create --name=quantum --type=network --description="Quantum Service"
 
     keystone endpoint-create --region RegionOne --service-id<ID>  --publicurl "http://127.0.0.1:9696" --adminurl "http://127.0.0.1:9696" --internalurl "http://127.0.0.1:9696"
 
     keystone endpoint-create --region RegionOne --service-id<ID>  --publicurl "http://127.0.0.1:9696" --adminurl "http://127.0.0.1:9696" --internalurl "http://127.0.0.1:9696"
  
11. Create a keystone tenant and user.
+
12. Create a keystone tenant and user.
  
11.1 Create the keystone tenant
+
12.1 Create the keystone tenant
  
 
     keystone tenant-list    # Record 'services' tenant ID
 
     keystone tenant-list    # Record 'services' tenant ID
     keystone user-create --name=quantum --email=quantum@example.com --tenant-id <services_ID>
+
     keystone user-create --name=quantum --pass="" --email=quantum@example.com --tenant-id <services_ID>
  
11.2 Add the quantum user to the admin role
+
12.2 Add the quantum user to the admin role
  
 
     keystone role-list      # Record 'admin' role
 
     keystone role-list      # Record 'admin' role
Line 91: Line 98:
 
     keystone user-role-add --user_id <quantum_ID> --role_id <admin_ID> --tenant_id <services_ID>
 
     keystone user-role-add --user_id <quantum_ID> --role_id <admin_ID> --tenant_id <services_ID>
  
12. Now one is able to start to use the Quantum CLI
+
13. Now one is able to start to use the Quantum CLI
  
12.1 Create a private network
+
13.1 Create a private network
  
 
     quantum net-create private
 
     quantum net-create private
  
12.2 Create a subnet
+
13.2 Create a subnet
  
 
     quantum subnet-create private 10.0.0.0/24
 
     quantum subnet-create private 10.0.0.0/24
  
13. Validate that a port has been created by the DHCP agent (quantum port-list). This port will have IP address 10.0.0.2. The gateway will 10.0.0.1.
+
14. Validate that a port has been created by the DHCP agent (quantum port-list). This port will have IP address 10.0.0.2. The gateway will 10.0.0.1.
  
14. At this stage VM's can be deployed and they will receive IP addresses from the DHCP service.
+
15. At this stage VM's can be deployed and they will receive IP addresses from the DHCP service.

Latest revision as of 12:04, 15 May 2013

The following is a description of how to go from Packstack with traditional nova networking to Quantum. In the example below the OpenvSwitch plugin is used:

Warning (medium size).png
Single host setup only
The instructions below assume an all-in-one setup. If you have several compute nodes, you'll at least have to open port 9696 on the controller and copy some portions of nova.conf to each and every node.

1. Terminate nova networking

   service openstack-nova-network stop
   chkconfig openstack-nova-network off

2. Install quantum service and the Open vSwitch plugin

   yum install openstack-quantum openstack-quantum-openvswitch

3. The Quantum installation scripts make use of keystone environment variables. Make sure that the administrator environment variables are set.

   source /root/keystonerc_admin

4. Configure quantum service to use Open vSwitch (you can get the MySQL password from the Packstack answer file, see CONFIG_MYSQL_PW)

   quantum-server-setup

5.1. The above script will ask if the nova parameters need to be updated. Restart the nova compute service. The script will configure Quantum as the networking module for Nova.

   service openstack-nova-compute restart

5.2 Start the openvswitch service

   service openvswitch start
   chkconfig openvswitch on

5.3 Create the integration bridge (for the private network)

   ovs-vsctl add-br br-int

5.4 Create the external bridge (for the layer 3 agent)

   ovs-vsctl add-br br-ex

5.5 Ensure that the interfaces are persistant after reboot. This is done by creating interface files, for example for br-int:

   DEVICE=br-int
   DEVICETYPE=ovs
   TYPE=OVSBridge
   ONBOOT=yes

6. Configure quantum is using the root wrapper to call ovs-vsctl (also, comment out any other root_helper configuration, just in case)

   sed -e 's|^[^#]\W*root_helper\W|#&|' -e 's|root_helper\W=\Wsudo|&\nroot_helper = sudo /usr/bin/quantum-rootwrap /etc/quantum/rootwrap.conf|' -i /etc/quantum/quantum.conf
   service quantum-server restart

7. Start quantum service

   service quantum-server start
   chkconfig quantum-server on

7.1 Start quantum agent

   service quantum-openvswitch-agent start
   chkconfig quantum-openvswitch-agent on

8. In order for the IPAM to take place one needs to invoke the DHCP agent. Use the DHCP setup tool

   quantum-dhcp-setup

8.1. Start DHCP agent

   service quantum-dhcp-agent start
   chkconfig quantum-dhcp-agent on

9. In order to support floating IP's one need to invoke the Layer 3 agent. Use the L3 agent setup tool

   quantum-l3-setup

9.1. Start the L3 agent

   service quantum-l3-agent start
   chkconfig quantum-l3-agent on 

10. Ensure that the openvswitch cleanup utility is enabled (this is used after reboot to ensure that device management of the quantum agents is not affected by the fact that the openvswitch creates the interfaces at boot)

   chkconfig quantum-ovs-cleanup on

11. Create a Quantum endpoint with keystone

   keystone service-create --name=quantum --type=network --description="Quantum Service"
   keystone endpoint-create --region RegionOne --service-id<ID>  --publicurl "http://127.0.0.1:9696" --adminurl "http://127.0.0.1:9696" --internalurl "http://127.0.0.1:9696"

12. Create a keystone tenant and user.

12.1 Create the keystone tenant

   keystone tenant-list     # Record 'services' tenant ID
   keystone user-create --name=quantum --pass="" --email=quantum@example.com --tenant-id <services_ID>

12.2 Add the quantum user to the admin role

   keystone role-list       # Record 'admin' role
   keystone user-list       # Record 'quantum' user ID
   keystone user-role-add --user_id <quantum_ID> --role_id <admin_ID> --tenant_id <services_ID>

13. Now one is able to start to use the Quantum CLI

13.1 Create a private network

   quantum net-create private

13.2 Create a subnet

   quantum subnet-create private 10.0.0.0/24

14. Validate that a port has been created by the DHCP agent (quantum port-list). This port will have IP address 10.0.0.2. The gateway will 10.0.0.1.

15. At this stage VM's can be deployed and they will receive IP addresses from the DHCP service.