Using UEFI with QEMU
Testing secureboot with KVM
This page documents how to test Fedora 18 Secureboot support inside a KVM VM. The audience here is QA folks that want to test secureboot, and any other curious parties.
OVMF (Open Virtual Machine Firmware) is basically UEFI for KVM. It comes from EDK2 (EFI Development Kit), which is the UEFI reference implementation.
Unfortunately there are licensing issues which prevent us getting EDK2/OVMF into Fedora (see #EDK2 Licensing Issues at the end of this document for more info). So we have to grab external packages:
sudo rpm -ivh http://fedorapeople.org/~crobinso/secureboot/edk2.manual-0-0.20130221.944c84a6.x86_64.rpm
Install an F18 VM with UEFI
First we need to install a guest using UEFI instead of traditional bios. Anaconda will put all the right bits in place for us. You can probably convert an existing bios guest to use UEFI but I haven't found steps to do so.
I recommend using a DVD, network installs seem to be sloooow using OVMF:
sudo virt-install --name f18-uefi --ram 2048 --boot loader=/usr/share/edk2.manual/ovmf-x64/OVMF-pure-efi.fd --disk /var/lib/libvirt/images/f18-uefi.qcow,format=qcow2,size=10 --os-variant fedora18 --cdrom /path/to/Fedora-18-x86_64-DVD.iso
Follow the install to completion, log in and do firstboot, then move along. Secure boot isn't set up yet.
Since OVMF doesn't ship with any SecureBoot keys installed, we need to install some to mimic what an MS certified UEFI machine will ship with. But here's a crappy thing about OVMF and KVM: right now there's no way topersist UEFI config across VM start/stop.
So if we want to test SecureBoot, we need to install the MS keys and enable secureboot on every VM restart.
Luckily there's a tool that does all this for us, called LockDown_ms.efi. This is derived from code in efitools.git.
Inside the guest, do:
sudo wget http://fedorapeople.org/~crobinso/secureboot/LockDown_ms.efi -O /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/LockDown_ms.efi
Enable SecureBoot and verify it's all working
As mentioned above, this needs to be done on every VM boot.
- Wait until the TianoCore splash screen pops up, hit ESC
- Select 'Boot Manager'
- Select 'EFI Internal Shell'
- Guest boots, log in, should see 'Secure boot enabled' in dmesg
EDK2 Licensing Issues
EDK2 contains a FAT filesystem driver that is licensed under terms that make it not acceptable for packaging in Fedora. Particularly that there's a usage restricition only allowing the code to be used in a UEFI implementation. More details here at Edk2-fat-driver
The driver is critical functionality so removing it is not an option.
Running EDK2 nightly builds
Gerd Hoffman, Red Hatter and QEMU developer, has a yum repo on his personal site that provides nightly builds of a whole bunch of QEMU/KVM firmware, including EDK2/OVMF.
Currently though, latest OVMF broke F18 SecureBoot: running the above steps will give the following error when trying to boot shim.efi:
Error reported: Security Violation
There's a fix in upstream
pesign, but as of this writing, shim
in F18 hasn't been regenerated to pick up the fix.
Regardless, here's how to pull down the nightly builds:
sudo wget http://www.kraxel.org/repos/firmware.repo -O /etc/yum.repos.d/firmware.repo
# Disable by default, likely preferred for QA sudo sed -i -e "s/enabled=1/enabled=0/g" /etc/yum.repos.d/firmware.repo sudo yum --enablerepo=qemu-firmware-jenkins install edk2.git-ovmf-x64
The OVMF image is at:
Pointing an existing guest at OVMF
To alter an existing guest to use OVMF, or change the OVMF build it uses, do
sudo virsh edit $vmname and add
<domain> ... <os> ... <loader>/path/to/OVMF-pure-efi.fd</loader>
Testing F18 DVD Secure Boot in a VM
Since we can't easily alter the DVD to add LockDown_ms.efi, we get it into the VM using a mini disk image:
wget http://fedorapeople.org/~crobinso/secureboot/lockdown.qcow2 sudo virsh attach-disk $VMNAME --target hdb --source lockdown.qcow2 --subdriver qcow2 --config
- Launch the VM, drop to the EFI shell
- If your guest only has a CDROM attached, lockdown.qcow2 should be fs0
- Back in the config screen, Select 'Boot Manager'
- Select 'EFI DVD/CDROM'
- Once anaconda starts, grab shell, log in, verify secure boot is enabled