User Guide - Logging into the Desktop

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(Cleaned up for comprehensibility, but it isn't done yet. Need to do a bit of cleaning on the final two sections.)
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= Logging into the Desktop =
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This section of the Fedora User Guide explains how to identify yourself (or ''log in'') to your system.  During the post-installation process, you created an identity with a user name and a password, called an ''account''.  If you have forgotten any of your user account details, read the section [[User_Guide-Logging_into_the_Desktop#I Cannot Login: HELP!| I Cannot Login: HELP!]].  For additional information about the login process, refer to the section [[User_Guide-Logging_into_the_Desktop#Logging In: A Technical Explanation | Logging In : A Technical Explanation]].
 
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This section of the Fedora Desktop User Guide explains how to identify yourself, or ''login'', to your system.  During the post-installation process, you created an identity with a user name and a password, called an ''account''.  If you have forgotten any of your user account details, please go through the section [[User_Guide-Logging_into_the_Desktop#I Cannot Login: HELP!| I Cannot Login: HELP!]] .  For additional information about the login process, refer to the section [[User_Guide-Logging_into_the_Desktop#Logging In: An Explanation | Logging In : An Explanation]] .
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== Login ==
 
== Login ==
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Here is how to log in to your account.
 
Here is how to log in to your account.
  
First, you need to enter your user name.  To do this, do one of the following:
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To start, enter your user name.  To do this, do one of the following:
# Type your user name and then press the '''[Enter] ''' key.  The username is ''case sensitive'' (capitalization matters; "A" is not the same as 'a').
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# Type your user name and then press the '''[Enter] ''' key.  The user name is ''case sensitive'' (capitalization matters; '''A''' is not the same as '''a''').
 
# Click on your user name in the list of choices.
 
# Click on your user name in the list of choices.
  
{{Admon/note | Using Non-default Desktop Environments | If you wish to use [[F9 User Guide - The Fedora Desktops | desktops besides the default choice]], you should use the ''Desktop'' combo box on the bottom of the screen to select which desktop you wish to load ''before'' you enter your password.  The default is probably GNOME.}}
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{{Admon/note | Using Non-default Desktop Environments | If you wish to use [[User Guide - The Fedora Desktops | desktops besides the default choice]], use the ''Desktop'' combo box on the bottom of the screen to select the desktop you wish to load ''before'' you enter your password.  The default is usually GNOME.}}
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Next, enter your password in the text box and press the '''[Enter] ''' key. The password is also case sensitive.
  
Next, you must enter your password. To do this, type your password in the text box and press the '''[Enter] ''' key. The password is also ''case sensitive''.
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{{Admon/important | Keep Your Password Secret! | To keep your password secret, the password field displays a dot for every character entered. As with any password, keep your account password private. Do not share it with anyone or write it down in plain view.}}
  
{{Admon/important | Keep Your Password Secret! | To keep your password secret, the password field displays a dot for every character entered. As with any password, keep your Fedora account password privateDo not share it with anyone or write it down in plain view.}}
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Now the ''desktop environment'' loads.  In some desktop environments, a small box containing a logo and some icons called a ''splash screen'' may temporarily appear. When your splash screen (if you have one) disappears, your desktop is ready for useYou can now launch applications to access the Internet, manage files, and play media.  These tasks are described in the following chapters.
  
Now the ''desktop environment'' will loadIn some desktop environments, a small box containing a logo and some icons, called a ''splash screen'', may temporarily appear.  When your splash screen (if you have one) disappears, your desktop is ready for use.  You can now launch applications to access the internet, manage files, and play mediaThese tasks are described in the following chapters.
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<!-- I think it's nice to have this somewhat more advanced explanation belowI've changed the title to "Technical" so hopefully it's clear that this is a deeper discussion than what is needed to use FedoraIf we decide that this section needs a home somewhere else, though, that's okay as well. --~~~~ -->
  
<!-- I think it's nice to have this somewhat more advanced explanation below.  I've changed the title to "Techincal" so hopefully it's clear that this is a deeper discussion than what is needed to use Fedora.  If we decide that this section needs a home somewhere else, though, that's okay as well. --~~~~  -->
 
 
== Logging In: A Technical Explanation ==
 
== Logging In: A Technical Explanation ==
  
 
Fedora is a multi-user operating system. Multiple users, each with different access privileges, can be logged into the computer at the same time.
 
Fedora is a multi-user operating system. Multiple users, each with different access privileges, can be logged into the computer at the same time.
  
During installation, you provided a password for the system administrator account, sometimes called the '''''superuser'''''.  The user name for this account is '''''root'''''.
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During installation, you provided a password for the system administrator account, sometimes called the ''superuser''.  The user name for this account is ''root''.
  
After installation, Fedora asked you to set up a normal user account.  Use that account, or any other such normal account, for daily use of the system. and the '''''root''''' account for administrative and maintenance tasks.
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After installation, Fedora asked you to set up a normal user account.  Use that account, or any other such normal account, for daily use of the system, and the root account for administrative and maintenance tasks.
 
   
 
   
 
This design has many benefits:
 
This design has many benefits:
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* A problem in one user account does not put the entire system at risk.
 
* A problem in one user account does not put the entire system at risk.
  
{{Admon/warning | Do not login as root! | Do not use the <code>root</code> account for routine purposes. A normal user account can run all the desktop applications, and greatly increases your security and safety. Applications that require root privileges prompt you for the root password when they start, so you need not login as '''root''' to use them.}}
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{{Admon/warning | Do not login as root! | Do not use the root account for routine purposes. A normal user account can run all the desktop applications, and greatly increases your security and safety. Applications that require root privileges prompt you for the root password when they need it, there is no need to log in as root to use them.}}
  
 
== I Cannot Login: HELP! ==
 
== I Cannot Login: HELP! ==
  
A common mistake during login is accidentally having the '''[Caps Lock] ''' key turned on. This situation can cause the login process to fail because Usernames and Passwords are case sensitive. If problems persist, re-enter your username and password a few times to ensure that you have typed them correctly.
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A common mistake during login is accidentally having the '''[CapsLock]''' key turned on. This situation can cause the login process to fail because usernames and passwords are case sensitive. If problems persist, re-enter your username and password a few times to ensure that you have typed them correctly.
  
Recovering the password for a user account is not a difficult process, but it is beyond the scope of this guide. For an explanation and details on how to do this, please refer to the [[Docs/Drafts/AdministrationGuide/UserAccounts|  User Accounts ]] section of the Fedora Administration Guide.
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Recovering the password for a user account is not a difficult process, but it is beyond the scope of this guide. You may wish to ask for help on user forums or chat rooms for further assistance. <!-- For an explanation and details on how to do this, please refer to the [[Docs/Drafts/AGBeta#User_Accounts|  User Accounts ]] section of the Fedora Administration Guide. -->
  
 
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|[[User_Guide-Introduction| Previous Page - Introduction]] ||[[User_Guide| Table of Contents]] ||[[User_Guide-Tour_of_the_GNOME_Desktop| Next Page - Tour of the GNOME Desktop]]
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|[[User Guide - The Fedora Desktops| Previous Page - The Fedora Desktops]] ||[[User Guide| Table of Contents]] ||[[User Guide - Tour of the GNOME Desktop| Next Page - Tour of the GNOME Desktop]]
 
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[[Category:Documentation]]
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[[Category:User Guide]]

Latest revision as of 14:58, 20 March 2009

This section of the Fedora User Guide explains how to identify yourself (or log in) to your system. During the post-installation process, you created an identity with a user name and a password, called an account. If you have forgotten any of your user account details, read the section I Cannot Login: HELP!. For additional information about the login process, refer to the section Logging In : A Technical Explanation.

[edit] Login

When you restart or turn on your computer, it goes through a process called booting. During the boot process, your computer hardware powers on and performs a series of self-tests. Immediately after the computer has finished booting, the login screen appears. The login screen displays one or more user names, depending on the number of user accounts present.

Here is how to log in to your account.

To start, enter your user name. To do this, do one of the following:

  1. Type your user name and then press the [Enter] key. The user name is case sensitive (capitalization matters; A is not the same as a).
  2. Click on your user name in the list of choices.
Note.png
Using Non-default Desktop Environments
If you wish to use desktops besides the default choice, use the Desktop combo box on the bottom of the screen to select the desktop you wish to load before you enter your password. The default is usually GNOME.

Next, enter your password in the text box and press the [Enter] key. The password is also case sensitive.

Important.png
Keep Your Password Secret!
To keep your password secret, the password field displays a dot for every character entered. As with any password, keep your account password private. Do not share it with anyone or write it down in plain view.

Now the desktop environment loads. In some desktop environments, a small box containing a logo and some icons called a splash screen may temporarily appear. When your splash screen (if you have one) disappears, your desktop is ready for use. You can now launch applications to access the Internet, manage files, and play media. These tasks are described in the following chapters.


[edit] Logging In: A Technical Explanation

Fedora is a multi-user operating system. Multiple users, each with different access privileges, can be logged into the computer at the same time.

During installation, you provided a password for the system administrator account, sometimes called the superuser. The user name for this account is root.

After installation, Fedora asked you to set up a normal user account. Use that account, or any other such normal account, for daily use of the system, and the root account for administrative and maintenance tasks.

This design has many benefits:

  • Limited privileges reduce the possibility of doing significant damage to the entire system.
  • Each user account has individual settings.
  • Each user account maintains its data separate and private from others.
  • A problem in one user account does not put the entire system at risk.
Warning (medium size).png
Do not login as root!
Do not use the root account for routine purposes. A normal user account can run all the desktop applications, and greatly increases your security and safety. Applications that require root privileges prompt you for the root password when they need it, there is no need to log in as root to use them.

[edit] I Cannot Login: HELP!

A common mistake during login is accidentally having the [CapsLock] key turned on. This situation can cause the login process to fail because usernames and passwords are case sensitive. If problems persist, re-enter your username and password a few times to ensure that you have typed them correctly.

Recovering the password for a user account is not a difficult process, but it is beyond the scope of this guide. You may wish to ask for help on user forums or chat rooms for further assistance.


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