1. DIRECTORY ORGANIZATION
Fedora is delivered on one or more CD or DVD ROMs.
The first installation CD-ROM can be directly booted into the installation on most modern systems, and contains the following directory structure (where /mnt/cdrom is the mount point of the CD-ROM):
/mnt/cdrom |---- images -- boot and driver disk images |---- isolinux -- files necessary to boot from CD-ROM |---- Packages -- binary packages |---- repodata -- repository information used by the installation process |---- README* -- this file |---- RELEASE-NOTES* -- the latest information about this release of Fedora `---- RPM-GPG-KEY* -- GPG signature for packages from Red Hat
The remaining Installation CD-ROMs are similar to Installation CD-ROM 1, except that only the Packages subdirectory is present.
The directory layout of each source code CD-ROM is as follows:
mnt/cdrom |---- SRPMS -- source packages `---- RPM-GPG-KEY -- GPG signature for packages from Red Hat
If you are setting up an installation tree for NFS, FTP, or HTTP installations, you need to copy the RELEASE-NOTES files and all files from the Packages directory on discs 1-5. On Linux and Unix systems, the following process will properly configure the /target/directory on your server (repeat for each disc):
- Insert disc
- mount /mnt/cdrom
- cp -a /mnt/cdrom/Packages /target/directory
- cp /mnt/cdrom/RELEASE-NOTES* /target/directory
cp -a /mnt/cdrom/repodata /target/directory (Do this only for disc 1)
- umount /mnt/cdrom
Many computers can now automatically boot from CD-ROMs. If you have such a machine (and it is properly configured) you can boot the Fedora CD-ROM directly. After booting, the Fedora installation program will start, and you will be able to install your system from the CD-ROM.
The images/ directory contains the file boot.iso. This file is an ISO image that can be used to boot the Fedora installation program. It is a handy way to start network-based installations without having to use multiple diskettes. To use boot.iso, your computer must be able to boot from its CD-ROM drive, and its BIOS settings must be configured to do so. You must then burn boot.iso onto a recordable/rewriteable CD-ROM.