QA:Testcase freeipa trust establish

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Contents

Description

Configuring and testing cross-realm trust with Active Directory.

Setup

How to test

Planned configuration

Instructions below will assume following setup:

  • There is an Active Directory domain, set up under name AD.EXAMPLE.ORG. Domain controller for AD.EXAMPLE.ORG server is dc.ad.example.org and has IP-address DC-AD-IPaddr.
  • There is a FreeIPA realm, set up under name IPA.EXAMPLE.ORG. FreeIPA server for the realm IPA.EXAMPLE.ORG is srv.ipa.example.org and has IP-address DC-IPA-IPaddr.

FreeIPA realm will gain a short name used for NetBIOS communication, known as 'domain name' in SMB. Usually it is the same as leftmost component of the realm, i.e. IPA for IPA.EXAMPLE.ORG.

Add cross-realm trust

Add cross-realm trust to Active Directory domain:

# ipa trust-add --type=ad ad.example.org --admin Administrator --password
Active directory domain adminstrator's password:
-------------------------------------------------
Added Active Directory trust for realm "ad.example.org"
-------------------------------------------------
  Realm name: ad.example.org
  Domain NetBIOS name: AD
  Domain Security Identifier: S-1-5-21-16904141-148189700-2149043814
  SID blacklist incoming: S-1-0, S-1-1, S-1-2, S-1-3, S-1-5-1, S-1-5-2, S-1-5-3, S-1-5-4, S-1-5-5, S-1-5-6, S-1-5-7, S-1-5-8, S-1-5-9, S-1-5-10, S-1-5-11, S-1-5-12, S-1-5-13, S-1-5-14,
                          S-1-5-15, S-1-5-16, S-1-5-17, S-1-5-18, S-1-5-19, S-1-5-20
  SID blacklist outgoing: S-1-0, S-1-1, S-1-2, S-1-3, S-1-5-1, S-1-5-2, S-1-5-3, S-1-5-4, S-1-5-5, S-1-5-6, S-1-5-7, S-1-5-8, S-1-5-9, S-1-5-10, S-1-5-11, S-1-5-12, S-1-5-13, S-1-5-14,
                          S-1-5-15, S-1-5-16, S-1-5-17, S-1-5-18, S-1-5-19, S-1-5-20
  Trust direction: Two-way trust
  Trust type: Active Directory domain
  Trust status: Established and verified

Allow access for users from trusted domain to protected resources

Before users from trusted domain can access protected resources in FreeIPA realm, they have to be explicitly mapped to FreeIPA groups. The mapping is performed in two steps:

  • Add users and groups from trusted domain to an external group in FreeIPA. External group serves as a container to reference trusted domain users and groups by their security identifiers.
  • Map external group to an existing POSIX group in FreeIPA. This POSIX group will be assigned proper group id (gid) that will be used as default group for all incoming trusted domain users mapped to this group.

Create external and POSIX groups for trusted domain users

Create external group in FreeIPA for trusted domain admins:

# ipa group-add --desc='ad.example.org admins external map' ad_admins_external --external

Create POSIX group for external ad_admins_external group:

# ipa group-add --desc='ad.example.org admins' ad_admins

Add users and groups from trusted domain to an external group in FreeIPA

Add Domain Admins of the AD.EXAMPLE.ORG to the ad_admins_external group:

# ipa group-add-member ad_admins_external --external 'AD\Domain Admins'
 [member user]: 
 [member group]: 
  Group name: ad_admins_external
  Description: AD.EXAMPLE.ORG admins external map
  External member: S-1-5-21-16904141-148189700-2149043814-512
-------------------------
Number of members added 1
-------------------------

Add external group to POSIX group

Allow members of ad_admins_external group to be associated with ad_admins POSIX group:

 # ipa group-add-member ad_admins --groups ad_admins_external

Starting from this point, FreeIPA server will be able to authenticate and recognize any trusted domain user that belongs to Domain Admins group of AD.EXAMPLE.ORG domain.

Using cross-realm trust

The following sections contains a couple of simple cases that illustrate how to test the trust has been established correctly.

Identity information

On the FreeIPA server, attempt to retrieve information about a user from AD:

# getent passwd Administrator@AD.EXAMPLE.ORG

You can test the same on the client - the getent command executed on the client would exercise a different code path, so it's worth trying out!

Password-based authentication

Apart from the Kerberos authentication below, you can also test password-based authentication. From another machine, attempt to ssh to the server:

$ ssh srv.ipa.example.org -l Administrator@AD.EXAMPLE.ORG

As with the previous case, the same test would execute different code when you log into the client:

$ ssh client.ipa.example.org -l Administrator@AD.EXAMPLE.ORG

SSH

A GSSAPI aware Windows ssh client must be installed on the windows server. The putty version from Quest http://rc.quest.com/topics/putty/ should work, but recently GSSAPI support was also added to the "standard" putty http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/download.html. If you now log on to the windows server as the test use abc and use putty to connect with GSSAPI to the FreeIPA server it should just work without asking for a password.

When asked by SSH for credentials, use <username>@<domain> instead of <domain>\<username>. Please note that <domain> should be specified in as in the auth_to_local stanza in krb5.conf, OpenSSH server is very sensitive to change of user name. Thus, Administrator@ad.example.org, not administrator@AD.EXAMPLE.ORG, should be used wherever possible.

One needs to make sure home directory exists for users from trusted domains. By default sssd will define them as /home/<domain>/<user name>.

Expected Results

All the test steps should end with the specified results.