Anaconda/Updates

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{{autolang|base=yes}}
 
= Anaconda Updates =
 
= Anaconda Updates =
  
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There are a number of sources for the updates.
 
There are a number of sources for the updates.
 +
 +
=== Updates from the Network ===
 +
 +
The easiest and most popular way to use an <code>update.img</code> is via the network.  This is how almost all updates images you'll see in bug reports and mailing lists are distributed.  This does not require you modify your installation tree at all.
 +
 +
To use this method, simply boot with:
 +
 +
<pre> linux updates=http://some.website.com/path/to/updates.img
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
If you have multiple network interfaces, anaconda will first prompt you to select one (unless you have used the <code>ksdevice=</code> boot parameter).  It will then attempt to configure this link using DHCP.  If you require other networking configuration, you will need to use various options.  <code>ksdevice=</code> can be used to specify a different network device, and the <code>ip=</code> option (along with others for gateway, nameserver, and so forth) can be used for static configuration.  All anaconda config options are described [[Anaconda/Options|  elsewhere]] .
 +
 +
If you are making your own <code>updates.img</code>, just upload it to a web server you have access to and pass the location as above.
  
 
=== Updates from a disk image ===
 
=== Updates from a disk image ===
  
The most common way of using an <code>updates.img</code> is to put it on a block device (either a floppy or a USB key).   For a floppy drive, insert your floppy and then run
+
You can also put an <code>updates.img</code> on a block device (either a floppy or a USB key). This can be done only with an ext2 filesystem type of updates.img. For a floppy drive, insert your floppy and then run
 +
 
 
<pre> dd if=updates.img of=/dev/fd0 bs=72k count=20
 
<pre> dd if=updates.img of=/dev/fd0 bs=72k count=20
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
 
to put the contents of the image on your floppy.  Then, boot the installer with
 
to put the contents of the image on your floppy.  Then, boot the installer with
 +
 
<pre> linux updates
 
<pre> linux updates
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
 
and you will be prompted to provide the location of your update disk.
 
and you will be prompted to provide the location of your update disk.
  
 
You can also use a USB key or flash media -- just replace <code>/dev/fd0</code> with the device that your USB key is at.
 
You can also use a USB key or flash media -- just replace <code>/dev/fd0</code> with the device that your USB key is at.
 
  
 
=== Updates from the Tree ===
 
=== Updates from the Tree ===
  
If you're doing a network installation, you can also put the <code>updates.img</code> in your tree to be picked up by all installs from that treeFor Fedora Core 6 and later, put the file as <code>images/updates.img</code> in your Fedora installation tree. Earlier releases look in <code>Fedora/base/updates.img</code>.
+
If you're doing a CD, hard drive, HTTP, or FTP install you can also put the <code>updates.img</code> in your tree to be picked up by all installs automaticallyPut the file in the <code>images/</code> directory. It must have exactly the name <code>updates.img</code>, even if you received it with a different name.
  
=== Updates from the Network ===
+
For NFS installs, there are two options.  You can either put the image in <code>images/</code> as above or explode the image into the <code>RHupdates/</code> directory in your installation tree.
  
If you're doing a network install and cannot modify your installation tree, you can place an updates.img in another location and boot with
+
{{Anchor|create-images}}
<pre> linux updates=http://some.website.com/path/to/updates.img
+
</pre>
+
to load the updates.img from a remote web server.
+
 
+
If you have multiple network interfaces, anaconda will first prompt you to select one (unless you have used the ksdevice= boot parameter).  It will then attempt to configure this link using DHCP.  If you require other networking configuration, you will need to use various options.  ksdevice= can be used to specify a different network device, and the ip= option (along with others for gateway, nameserver, and so forth) can be used for static configuration.  All anaconda config options are described [[Anaconda/Options| elsewhere]] .
+
  
 
== How to Create an Anaconda Updates Image ==
 
== How to Create an Anaconda Updates Image ==
  
If you are working on anaconda or looking at a bug and want to test your own bug fixes, it's easy to create your own updates.img file.  There are two formats for the updates.img file. The first, and most common, is a gzip-compressed ext2 filesystem. The second is a gzip-compressed cpio archive.
+
If you are working on anaconda or looking at a bug and want to test your own bug fixes, it's easy to create your own <code>updates.img</code> file.  anaconda supports two formats:  an ext2 filesystem image and the more common gzip-compressed cpio archive. The automatic tools shipped with anaconda deal in the second form, so that's what will be discussed here.
  
Just do the following steps.
+
The easiest way to create an image is to run
  
=== Compressed ext2 filesystem image ===
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    ./configure
 +
    make updates
  
This is the more traditional form of an updates.img and is required for older releases of anacondaIt is also slightly more preferred if you are going to transfer the updates image to a floppy diskNote that this requires root privileges.
+
from the anaconda source tree.  This will package up all the changes to the tree since the last release and create a file named "updates.img" in the top of the treeRemember to use the correct git branch for the Fedora release you are working on or testingIf you need finer control over this process (like creating an image from an even older release), or you don't want to run ./configure first (the make command will fail unless ./configure has been run), run
  
# Create a 1.44MB ''updates.img'' image <pre>dd if=/dev/zero of=updates.img bs=1k count=1440</pre>
+
    scripts/makeupdates
# Format as an ext2 filesystem <pre>mke2fs updates.img </pre>
+
# Mount the image <pre>mount -o loop updates.img /mnt </pre>
+
# Drop updated anaconda python files in a flat directory structure
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# Unmount the ''updates.img'' <pre>umount /mnt</pre>
+
  
=== Compressed cpio archive ===
+
by hand.  The help screen documents the several options that can be used.
  
This is the newer form of an updates.img and is likely preferred in most cases with current releases of anaconda.  In contrast to the above, this does not require root privileges.
+
An <code>updates.img</code> can include more than just files from anaconda, though.  It can also include shared libraries, graphics, other python modules, and certain data files used by anaconda.  To add files to an existing image (or create an entirely new one), just do the following:
  
* Drop updated anaconda files in a flat directory structure, eg: /tmp/updates
+
    scripts/upd-updates updates.img file1 file2 ...
* <pre> (cd /tmp/updates ; find -type f | cpio -c -o) | gzip -c9 > updates.img
+
 
</pre>
+
Note that the placement of files in an image is a little picky.  For instance, python modules must be in their proper subdirectory mirroring the layout of <code>/usr/lib/python?.?/site-packages/</code>.
  
 
== How to Examine an Anaconda Updates Image ==
 
== How to Examine an Anaconda Updates Image ==
  
updates.img files provided by the Fedora project are ext3 filesystem images.  To examine one of these files complete the following steps:
+
<code>updates.img</code> files provided by the Fedora project and generated by the makeupdates script are compressed cpio archives.  To examine one of these files, use <code>/sbin/lsinitrd</code>.
  
# Obtain an <code>updates.image</code>: <pre> wget http://people.redhat.com/~katzj/updates-f7t2.img</pre>
+
To explode one, do the following:
# Mount the file using looopback: <pre>mount -o loop updates-f7t2.img /misc</pre>
+
  
To examine a cpio updates.img complete the following steps:
+
<pre>$ mkdir dest
 
+
$ cd dest
# create a top level directory to hold the updates.img contents: <pre> mkdir /tmp/updates</pre>
+
$ gunzip -dc /path/to/updates.img | cpio -id
# unpack the updates into the directory: <pre> zcat updates.img | (cd /tmp/updates ; cpio -ivd) </pre>
+
</pre>
  
 
----
 
----
 
[[Category:Anaconda]]
 
[[Category:Anaconda]]

Latest revision as of 10:23, 6 July 2012

Contents

[edit] Anaconda Updates

anaconda has the capability to incorporate updates at runtime to fix any bugs or issues with the installer. These updates are generally distributed as a disk image file (referred to as updates.img from here on out). The updates.img can be used in a few different ways.


[edit] Updates types

There are a number of sources for the updates.

[edit] Updates from the Network

The easiest and most popular way to use an update.img is via the network. This is how almost all updates images you'll see in bug reports and mailing lists are distributed. This does not require you modify your installation tree at all.

To use this method, simply boot with:

 linux updates=http://some.website.com/path/to/updates.img

If you have multiple network interfaces, anaconda will first prompt you to select one (unless you have used the ksdevice= boot parameter). It will then attempt to configure this link using DHCP. If you require other networking configuration, you will need to use various options. ksdevice= can be used to specify a different network device, and the ip= option (along with others for gateway, nameserver, and so forth) can be used for static configuration. All anaconda config options are described elsewhere .

If you are making your own updates.img, just upload it to a web server you have access to and pass the location as above.

[edit] Updates from a disk image

You can also put an updates.img on a block device (either a floppy or a USB key). This can be done only with an ext2 filesystem type of updates.img. For a floppy drive, insert your floppy and then run

 dd if=updates.img of=/dev/fd0 bs=72k count=20

to put the contents of the image on your floppy. Then, boot the installer with

 linux updates

and you will be prompted to provide the location of your update disk.

You can also use a USB key or flash media -- just replace /dev/fd0 with the device that your USB key is at.

[edit] Updates from the Tree

If you're doing a CD, hard drive, HTTP, or FTP install you can also put the updates.img in your tree to be picked up by all installs automatically. Put the file in the images/ directory. It must have exactly the name updates.img, even if you received it with a different name.

For NFS installs, there are two options. You can either put the image in images/ as above or explode the image into the RHupdates/ directory in your installation tree.

[edit] How to Create an Anaconda Updates Image

If you are working on anaconda or looking at a bug and want to test your own bug fixes, it's easy to create your own updates.img file. anaconda supports two formats: an ext2 filesystem image and the more common gzip-compressed cpio archive. The automatic tools shipped with anaconda deal in the second form, so that's what will be discussed here.

The easiest way to create an image is to run

   ./configure
   make updates

from the anaconda source tree. This will package up all the changes to the tree since the last release and create a file named "updates.img" in the top of the tree. Remember to use the correct git branch for the Fedora release you are working on or testing. If you need finer control over this process (like creating an image from an even older release), or you don't want to run ./configure first (the make command will fail unless ./configure has been run), run

   scripts/makeupdates

by hand. The help screen documents the several options that can be used.

An updates.img can include more than just files from anaconda, though. It can also include shared libraries, graphics, other python modules, and certain data files used by anaconda. To add files to an existing image (or create an entirely new one), just do the following:

   scripts/upd-updates updates.img file1 file2 ...

Note that the placement of files in an image is a little picky. For instance, python modules must be in their proper subdirectory mirroring the layout of /usr/lib/python?.?/site-packages/.

[edit] How to Examine an Anaconda Updates Image

updates.img files provided by the Fedora project and generated by the makeupdates script are compressed cpio archives. To examine one of these files, use /sbin/lsinitrd.

To explode one, do the following:

$ mkdir dest
$ cd dest
$ gunzip -dc /path/to/updates.img | cpio -id