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Revision as of 15:15, 31 May 2010 by Ruigo (talk | contribs) (Utilizadores do ambiente de trabalho)


O Fedora é um sistema operativo baseado em Linux que disponibiliza para o seu computador, portátil ou servidor, as últimas novidades em software livre e de código aberto, e permite-lhe o acesso a milhares de aplicações de código aberto. Este útil e amigável sistema operativo é desenvolvido por pessoas à volta do mundo que trabalham em conjunto como uma comunidade para criar o Projecto Fedora.

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O Fedora é livre para ser utilizado, modificado, e distribuído, e inclui software que o ajuda a trabalhar, divertir-se, a organizar-se, e a socializar-se. Pode ler mais informações sobre o Projecto Fedora na nossa página da visão geral.


O que há de novo no Fedora 13?

O Fedora 13 (Goddard) está cheio de melhoramentos que tornam o Linux melhor que nunca para todos os tipos de utilizadores. Aqui estão algumas das novidades que pode esperar ver quando experimentar o Fedora 13.

Utilizadores do ambiente de trabalho

Passo 1: Ligue a sua impressora. Passo 2: Imprima. É apenas isto!
Já tentou utilizar uma nova impressora e ficou frustrado pelas mensagens de erro e por ter de andar a procurar o controlador correcto a instalar? Com a nova funcionalidade de impressão fácil no Fedora 13, ligue a sua impressora e o Fedora automaticamente encontra e instala o controlador correcto. Esta funcionalidade permite-lhe imprimir em diferentes localizações e fica pronta a funcionar em minutos. É uma das muitas inovações no Fedora 13 que lhe deixam tirar mais vantagens do hardware do seu sistema.

A gestão de cor ajuda artistas, fotógrafos, e designers a apresentar e imprimir os seus trabalhos com maior precisão utilizando software livre a 100%. Resultados com maior precisão de cor para projectores, impressoras, e scanners ajudam-no a garantir que a foto que digitalizou aparece exactamente igual no ecrã. E depois de a retocar ou melhorar, as cores que escolher serão realisticamente as que irão sair na impressão. A gestão de cor disponibiliza verdadeiros fluxos de trabalho com cor para ilustradores, designers, fotógrafos, editores, e criadores de todos os níveis de perícia.

User-friendly dialogs put profile graphs for each of your devices at your fingertips.
Tech preview of GNOME Shell in action in Fedora 13. A revolutionary new interface to help you find your stuff, and get things done.
Want 3D? We've got it, in completely free, accelerated video drivers for ATI, Intel, and now NVidia too. Out of the box you can run a variety of 3D accelerated games, enable cool desktop effects, and even try out the next-generation GNOME Shell on Intel and ATI cards. To set up the new bling for NVidia, just install the mesa-dri-drivers-experimental package using Fedora's handy PackageKit tool.

And since these drivers are completely free (as in cost and freedom), we can continue improving them like any other free and open source software so your enjoyment grows over time.

System Administrators

If you spend your day managing how other people around you use Linux, Fedora 13 is loaded with features that will make your life even easier. Whether you want to migrate new users to a Linux environment or experiment with the newest in open-source technologies to give yourself an edge, Fedora has all the tools you need.

For instance, you can download a single, tiny image file from, based on the work of, and from it run and install current and future versions of Fedora without having to download additional images.

Do you need to log in to your office's domain even though you're on the go with a laptop? Then you'll love the brand-new SSSD (System Security Services Daemon). This new software provides expanded features for logging into managed domains, including caching for offline authentication. So even if you're sitting in a coffeeshop in San Diego, you can still access your office back in New York using Fedora. puts you right into a network boot menu.
Measuring disk performance with udisks.

The things you know and love are still here - but better than ever. NFSv4 -- the latest version of NFS -- is now available by default in Fedora 13, bringing you better performance and IPv6 support. Support for flexible, expandable logical volumes (LVM) has been added to Fedora's disk utilities, making the measurement of disk performance a snap.

The best part? They're all free and open source software -- just one more thing you can impress the boss with.


Are you a hacker who loves to play with open source? Are you building the world's next great web application? Then you'll love Fedora's new features for software developers.

SystemTap already gives you plenty of ways to monitor what your system kernel is doing, whether it's reading from the network or writing to a disk. But with new static probes in Fedora 13, SystemTap can look beyond the kernel to let you see what's happening inside your application and language runtimes like Java, Python and TCL.

Did we mention advances in Python? If you love Python like we do, you'll also love Fedora 13's ability to generate dual-language backtraces. Debugging your work when you're mixing Python and C/C++ just got easier in Fedora 13 with this feature, which originates in Fedora and is making its way into the Python language upstream. Fedora 13 also blazes a trail with a parallel-installable Python 3 stack that helps you write and test code for use in both Python 2.6 and Python 3 environments.

Debugging Python system calls in GNOME Sudoku. You can find a video explaining the feature here.

And if you're into Java, you'll find version 6.8 of the NetBeans IDE, the first to offer complete support for the entire Java EE 6 spec. It also has improved support for JSF 2.0/Facelets, Java Persistence 2.0, and EJB 3.1.

And of course Fedora's package ecosystem is rich with thousands of other tools for many languages and development styles. After all, we use it for development ourselves.


Spins are more specialized versions of Fedora that allow you to run programs that suit your interests. For example:

The Moblin Spin features calendaring and social media interfaces for mobile devices.
Got a netbook?

Try the Moblin™ spin, a version of Fedora featuring the Moblin Core architecture. Everything from application choice to screen resolution has been designed to support multiple platforms and usage models -- ranging from Netbooks and NetTops to Mobile Internet Devices and embedded devices.

Know a curious kid?

Try the Sugar on a Stick spin! This spin features the award-winning Sugar Learning Platform originally developed for the One Laptop Per Child project and used every school day by one million children in more than forty countries. Students can take their stick (an ordinary USB thumbdrive) to any machine running any operating system -- at school, at home, at a local library or community center -- and boot their custom Sugar environment without touching any files on the host machine, bringing personalized computing within the reach of any child.

Sugar's Home View, displaying a few of the Activities designed to reach specific pedagogical goals through play.

The Design Suite's full-featured graphics workflow will have you drawing and sketching within minutes.
Feeling artistic?

The Fedora Design Suite was constructed for designers, by designers. It features the tools the Fedora Design Team uses on a daily basis to create the wallpapers, icons, and interfaces that you see in Fedora. This spin includes everything from document layouts, to vector and bitmap graphics, to 3D modeling. If you can dream it, you can create it with this powerful assortment of free and open source artistic tools.

Learning about computer security?

The Fedora Security Lab is an environment designed by and for computer security professors and professionals. With applications for everything from security auditing and forensics, to penetration testing and intrusion detection, it's an ideal tool for the classroom, or for the system administrator who needs to diagnose and rescue broken computers.

The Security Lab provides all the instruments needed to follow a proper test path for security testing or system rescue.

Looking for something else?

Find more spins at -- there's a spin for everyone, from education and gaming to science and more!

How to get started

Intrigued? Want to give Fedora 13 a try?

You can visit to download a LiveCD, regardless of what operating system you're running. This will give you a working version of Fedora, complete with common applications, all running off your CD drive - your hard drive won't be touched at all. And when you're ready, installation is just a click away.

Want an even more enjoyable way to use Fedora, risk-free? Try the Live USB option. You can use the same download to create a bootable USB stick so you can take Fedora with you anywhere you go. It works great with netbooks without CD drives, too. Check out the instruction page here:

And if you're running Fedora 12, upgrading is easy. Refer to our handy documentation for help.

Help make Fedora!

Everyone is welcome to join our community of Fedora contributors - all experience levels welcome. We're happy to teach!
Want to join the Fedora community and help us make the best Linux distribution even better? Get started at Our diverse community from all over the globe welcomes contributors of all types. From artists to marketers to coders to testers to writers to translators and more, you too can get involved. Share what you know or help with something you've always wanted to learn; mentors are always available to help you get started. Any help is appreciated!

We'd love to hear your thoughts on Fedora 13. Have a suggestion? Find a bug? Start by taking a look at the Common F13 bugs to see if it's something we know about. (That page has information on what to do if you don't find your bug, too.)

Further reading

Want more? Here are some further resources on Fedora 13, or talk with a community member in our live chat 24/7.

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