Features/FixNetworkNameResolution

From FedoraProject

< Features
Revision as of 11:19, 15 January 2013 by Pavlix (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

Fix Network Name Resolution

Summary

IPv4 and IPv6 host/service name resolution doesn't work very well in Fedora. The getaddrinfo() function in glibc returns wrong results in many cases. This feature aims to fix a bunch of name resolution bugs in glibc that prevent applications from fully using name resolution functions without doing a bunch of workaround.

Owner

Current status

  • Targeted release: Fedora 19
  • Last updated: 2013-01-15
  • Percentage of completion: 10%

Detailed description

Currently the getaddrinfo() function doesn't work as it was desinged. Many of its features are buggy and cannot be used without extensive workarounds. Many software packages are using getaddrinfo() with such workarounds. Many can trigger its failures. And many packages that don't use getaddrinfo() will be ported in the near future.

Rationale

We are submitting this bug fixing effort as a Feature because:

  • It is a high-impact change that will (positively) affect allmost all networking software
  • Developers will be able to use getaddrinfo() without ugly workarounds for new code
  • We are going to publish guidelines for proper getaddrinfo() usage
  • Documentation for getaddrinfo() bugs will be availabe
  • Possible workarounds will be offered for backward compatibility
  • Comments and errata will be sent to standards organizations
  • We want to recieve critical response during the whole process

Problem statement

The behavior of getaddrinfo() is often nonstandard, undocumented, surprising, or just plain wrong. We already indentified a number of problems. The most prominent examples are here.

  • getaddrinfo() may return duplicate or even wrong addresses from /etc/hosts
  • getaddrinfo() with NULL servname may return duplicate addresses
  • getaddrinfo() with AI_PASSIVE may still address list not suitable for bind()
  • getaddrinfo() with AI_ADDRCONFIG may fail to translate literal addresses
  • getaddrinfo() with AI_ADDRCONFIG may fail to resolve /etc/hosts addresses
  • getaddrinfo() with AI_ADDRCONFIG may send unwanted AAAA queries
  • getaddrinfo() has a bad choice of default flags</code>

Whether or not the problematic actually occurs depends on /etc/hosts configuration, /etc/resolv.conf configuration, getaddrinfo() input parameters, runtime kernel network interface configuration, and more. While testing the known bugs or reading the source code, more and more bugs are discovered.

Bug reports related to getaddrinfo() can be found upstream:

http://sourceware.org/bugzilla/buglist.cgi?quicksearch=getaddrinfo

Affected software

The above problems affect software that wants to use getaddrinfo() to:

  • Get parameters for connect() or sendto() to start communicating
  • Get parameters for bind() to listen on specific addresses
  • Build IP address based accesslists
  • Perform name resolution for other purposes

Although it would be nice to also test and fix all software in Fedora using getaddrinfo(), that is not feasible. Therefore we are going to concentrate on checking and fixing the GNU C library, checking and fixing the most important toolkits dealing with networking, and documenting a set of guidelines for daemons and application software.

Fedora bugs related to dualstack networking including name resolution problems should be added to the following tracker bug:

http://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=883152

Benefit to Fedora

Most Fedora installations are being used in networking environments. Many of them are laptop installations that connect to various networks or even work offline. As name resolution is a critical part of networking experience, Fedora will benefit from being able offer reliability and avoid surprising and buggy behaviour.

Bugs addressed by this feature page are especially tricky because an ordinary user is usually not able to properly report them, not to say analyze them. Especially bugs affecting plain old IPv4 services should be fixed and avoided in the future.

And there's a bonus. As all the documentation will be on Fedora Wiki, attracting attention of other members of the community. Together with other network-related efforts, Fedora could be seen as the leader in linux networking.

Scope

Application software used on day-to-day basis should be correctly handling IPv4-only, IPv6-only and dualstack use cases.

Libraries:

  • glibc: name resolution must work properly
  • glib: provides networking API for applications

System services:

  • knfsd

Applications:

Note: Network configuration tools are out of scope of this feature. Network testing tools were moved to a separate feature page. See Networking#Fedora_feature_pages for other network-related features.

How to test

This is the most difficult part. We are going to combine the following approaches to testing:

  • Everyday use of Fedora in various network environments
  • Testing the tracked bug reports
  • Specific tests, e.g. for getaddrinfo() and glib API

User experience

Users currently experience networking problems in various environments even during the most basic use of their system because of principal problems in the distribution. These problems would go away.

Dependencies

Not known.

Contingency plan

This feature is about fixing all important parts of the distribution. We do not expect the required changes to negatively affect the rest of the packages. But if any problems occur, we are ready to help fixing them before the respective version is released. As a last resort, any problematic change can be reverted.

Documentation

Release notes

Dualstack networking is fully supported and glibc and other packages will be tested for not including fundamental design flaws and important bugs regarding IPv4 and IPv6 support.

Comments and discussions

See Talk:Features/DualstackNetworking