FedUp

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新软件和文档
FedUp 是随 Fedora 18 而来的一款新软件,因而将在 Fedora 18 发布之前不断完善。如果您发现本文档有错误或是过期了,请修正它或者报告给相关人员。
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Security Considerations
FedUp does not yet ensure that only trusted software from Fedora is run on your system when you are doing upgrade over the network. Refer to Bugzilla: #877623 for more details. You can download the ISO release image and verify the authenticity independently before perfoming a upgrade with Fedup via media or ISO images methods to workaround this issue. Note that neither Anaconda not Preupgrade verified the authenticity of the source either and this is not a regression.

Contents

What is FedUp?

FedUp (FEDora UPgrader) is the name of a new system for upgrading Fedora installs in Fedora 18 and above releases. It replaces all of the currently recommended upgrade methods (PreUpgrade and DVD) that have been used in previous Fedora releases. Anaconda, the Fedora installer does have not any in-built upgrade functionality in Fedora 18 or above releases. It has been completely delegated to Fedup.

Currently, FedUp is capable of upgrading Fedora 17 installs to Fedora 18 using a networked repository, similar to how PreUpgrade worked. More methods for upgrade are currently planned and this page will be updated as those features are completed.

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Fedora 16 and Older
The FedUp client does not build or run on anything older than Fedora 17. If you want to upgrade an older Fedora installation, please upgrade to Fedora 17 before continuing.

What Does FedUp do?

The FedUp system consistes of two parts - the client used to download packages and prepare for the upgrade and a pre-boot environment which does the actual upgrade using systemd and yum. More details are available in a blog post written by FedUp's primary author

The FedUp Client

The FedUp client runs on the system to be upgraded. It gathers the packages needed for upgrade in addition to downloading the required initramfs and kernel needed for the actual upgrade. At this time, only the fedup command-line interface is implemented but a GUI interface is expected before Fedora 18 is released.

The Upgrade

The actual upgrade takes place when the system has been rebooted after running the FedUp client. The filesystems are mounted during boot, the already downloaded packages are installed and some upgrade-related tasks are performed. During the upgrade process, a special plymouth theme is used which has a progress bar to indicate current upgrade progress.

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I upgrade a Fedora 16 system with FedUp?

No, this is not currently possible. The FedUp client does not currently build or run on Fedora 16 and you need to be running at least Fedora 17 in order to run the client. If you are upgrading from Fedora 16, use Preupgrade to upgrade to Fedora 17 first.

How do I report issues that I find with upgrades?

The answer to this depends on the exact issue that you hit.

Issues with upgrade preparation

If you hit issues when using the FedUp client (Package-x-generic-16.pngfedup) before reboot, search for or file a bug against fedup using the version you are upgrading from.

Issues During Upgrade

If you hit issues after upgrade preparation and the initial reboot, search for or file a bug against Package-x-generic-16.pngfedup-dracut using the version you are upgrading to.

Issues After Upgrade

If you hit issues after upgrade with a specific package, file a bug against the package with which you are having issues.

How do I Debug Issues During Upgrade

A troubleshooting and debug guide will be written soon and linked to from here.

Does FedUp verify the software it runs or installs during upgrade?

This is a planned feature. See Bug 877623 for a status update.

Where can I ask Questions

For now, the best place to ask questions is probably #fedora-qa on Freenode IRC or the Fedora Test list.

How Can I Upgrade My System with FedUp?

As alluded to above, there are three parts to upgrading with FedUp - preparation, execution and cleanup.

Preparing for the Upgrade

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Latest fedup
Make sure that you install the latest version of the fedup client on the system to be upgraded. At the time of this writing (2013-01-08), that is fedup-0.7.2-1.fc17
  1. Do a full system update and reboot to ensure that any kernel changes are running
  2. Install Package-x-generic-16.pngfedup
    • Be sure to get the latest release, this may involve enabling updates-testing (put --enablerepo=updates-testing between yum and install on the command line)

There are three options for sourcing the packages needed for upgrade - using a network repository, a local ISO file or a local device (hard drive, optical disk etc.).

Network

Using a network source is the easiest method of upgrading and will pull in updates while upgrading - eliminating the potential issue if your current system has a newer kernel version than the Fedora release to which you are upgrading.

  1. Start the upgrade prep by executing following command
    • sudo fedup-cli --network 18 --debuglog fedupdebug.log
    • <arch> is the arch of the system that you are upgrading - either i386 or x86_64
  2. Once the preparations have completed, check the fedupdebug.log file if any errors show up in the output from fedup-cli

ISO File

In order to use an ISO file, it needs to exist locally on the filesystem of the system to be upgraded. The documentation is written as if that file is /home/user/fedora-18.iso but you will need to replace all instances of that path with the actual path of the iso. Updates will be pulled in if you have network access on the machine to be upgraded.

  1. Download the 20 iso appropriate for the arch that you are running
    • For the sake of example, we will assume that the iso exists at /home/user/fedora-18.iso but it can be anwhere in the filesystem as long as you alter the path below to reflect the actual location of the ISO.
  2. Start the upgrade prep by executing the following command
    • sudo fedup-cli --iso /home/user/fedora-18.iso --debuglog=fedupdebug.log
  3. Once the preparations have completed, check the fedupdebug.log file if any errors show up in the output from fedup-cli

Other Device

Optical drives and other mountable storage can also be used as a package source for upgrade preparations.

  1. Mount the source material
    • For the sake of example, we will assume that this source is mounted at /mnt/fedora but you can mount it anywhere as long as you replace /mnt/fedora in the command below with the actual mounted location of the upgrade source.
  2. Start the upgrade preparations by executing the following command
    • sudo fedup-cli --device /mnt/fedora --debuglog=fedupdebug.log
  3. Once the preparations have completed, check the fedupdebug.log file if any errors show up in the output from fedup-cli

Executing the Upgrade

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Needs Reference
This section still needs a reference to the 'esc kills plymouth' bug once a suitable summary has been written
  1. Reboot the system if fedup has completed without error.
  2. Once the system reboots, there should be a new entry in the GRUB menu titled System Upgrade.
    • Adding rd.upgrade.debugshell would be a decent idea
  3. Select the System Upgrade option from the GRUB menu
  4. The system should boot into the upgrade process and a plymouth boot screen should be displayed
    • If you press 'esc', a more detailed log of progress will be desplayed but if you switch back to the graphical progress indicator, it will remain at 0% for the remainder of the upgrade but that does not mean the upgrade has stopped. See Need section reference here once it's written
  5. Once the upgrade process has completed, the system will reboot and an option to boot Fedora 21 will be on the grub menu

GRUB Updates

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Somewhat Optional
While updating GRUB on your upgraded system isn't strictly required, it is recommended for BIOS systems and very strongly recommended for UEFI systems due to the transition from grub-efi to grub2-efi

Updating GRUB2 (BIOS systems)

  • After upgrade, the grub2 you're booting from will still be the F17 version; upgrading must be done manually
  • Follow the steps in this grub2 page to reinstall and update grub

Updating GRUB (UEFI systems)

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Problems Upgrading Grub on UEFI
Late in testing, we found some potentially serious problems with manually upgrading grub-efi to grub2-efi. Until this is figured out, we recommend that users continue to use grub-efi as it should work for the near future

Cleaning Up Post Upgrade

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Pending
This part of the documentation is still being written

Docs TODO

  • Write fedup troubleshooting and debug guide
  • add details for secureboot/shim installation
  • write commonbugs entries and link to them from this page
  • add note about blob drivers if needed
  • add notes about how to use other repos or link to discussion/instructions