From Fedora Project Wiki

(JDK components)
Line 24: Line 24:
 
The JDK has as its primary components a collection of programming tools, including:
 
The JDK has as its primary components a collection of programming tools, including:
 
== JDK components ==
 
== JDK components ==
appletviewer – this tool can be used to run and debug Java applets without a web browser
+
appletviewer – this tool can be used to run and debug Java applets without a web browser<br>
apt – the annotation-processing tool[4]
+
apt – the annotation-processing tool<br>
extcheck – a utility which can detect JAR-file conflicts
+
extcheck – a utility which can detect JAR-file conflicts<br>
idlj – the IDL-to-Java compiler. This utility generates Java bindings from a given Java IDL file.
+
idlj – the IDL-to-Java compiler. This utility generates Java bindings from a given Java IDL file.<br>
jabswitch – the Java Access Bridge. Exposes assistive technologies on Microsoft Windows systems.
+
jabswitch – the Java Access Bridge. Exposes assistive technologies on Microsoft Windows systems.<br>
java – the loader for Java applications. This tool is an interpreter and can interpret the class files generated by the javac compiler. Now a single launcher is used for both development and deployment. The old deployment launcher, jre, no longer comes with Sun JDK, and instead it has been replaced by this new java loader.
+
java – the loader for Java applications. This tool is an interpreter and can interpret the class files generated by the javac compiler. Now a single launcher is used for both development and deployment. The old deployment launcher, jre, no longer comes with Sun JDK, and instead it has been replaced by this new java loader.<br>
javac – the Java compiler, which converts source code into Java bytecode
+
javac – the Java compiler, which converts source code into Java bytecode<br>
javadoc – the documentation generator, which automatically generates documentation from source code comments
+
javadoc – the documentation generator, which automatically generates documentation from source code comments<br>
jar – the archiver, which packages related class libraries into a single JAR file. This tool also helps manage JAR files.
+
jar – the archiver, which packages related class libraries into a single JAR file. This tool also helps manage JAR files.<br>
javafxpackager – tool to package and sign JavaFX applications
+
javafxpackager – tool to package and sign JavaFX applications<br>
jarsigner – the jar signing and verification tool
+
jarsigner – the jar signing and verification tool<br>
javah – the C header and stub generator, used to write native methods
+
javah – the C header and stub generator, used to write native methods<br>
javap – the class file disassembler
+
javap – the class file disassembler<br>
javaws – the Java Web Start launcher for JNLP applications
+
javaws – the Java Web Start launcher for JNLP applications<br>
JConsole – Java Monitoring and Management Console
+
JConsole – Java Monitoring and Management Console<br>
jdb – the debugger
+
jdb – the debugger<br>
jhat – Java Heap Analysis Tool (experimental)
+
jhat – Java Heap Analysis Tool (experimental)<br>
jinfo – This utility gets configuration information from a running Java process or crash dump. (experimental)
+
jinfo – This utility gets configuration information from a running Java process or crash dump. (experimental)<br>
jmap – This utility outputs the memory map for Java and can print shared object memory maps or heap memory details of a given process or core dump. (experimental)
+
jmap – This utility outputs the memory map for Java and can print shared object memory maps or heap memory details of a given process or core dump. (experimental)<br>
jmc – Java Mission Control
+
jmc – Java Mission Control<br>
jps – Java Virtual Machine Process Status Tool lists the instrumented HotSpot Java Virtual Machines (JVMs) on the target system. (experimental)
+
jps – Java Virtual Machine Process Status Tool lists the instrumented HotSpot Java Virtual Machines (JVMs) on the target system. (experimental)<br>
jrunscript – Java command-line script shell.
+
jrunscript – Java command-line script shell.<br>
jstack – utility which prints Java stack traces of Java threads (experimental)
+
jstack – utility which prints Java stack traces of Java threads (experimental)<br>
jstat – Java Virtual Machine statistics monitoring tool (experimental)
+
jstat – Java Virtual Machine statistics monitoring tool (experimental)<br>
jstatd – jstat daemon (experimental)
+
jstatd – jstat daemon (experimental)<br>
keytool – tool for manipulating the keystore
+
keytool – tool for manipulating the keystore<br>
pack200 – JAR compression tool
+
pack200 – JAR compression tool<br>
 
policytool – the policy creation and management tool, which can determine policy for a Java runtime, specifying which permissions are available for code from various sources
 
policytool – the policy creation and management tool, which can determine policy for a Java runtime, specifying which permissions are available for code from various sources
VisualVM – visual tool integrating several command-line JDK tools and lightweight[clarification needed] performance and memory profiling capabilities
+
VisualVM – visual tool integrating several command-line JDK tools and lightweight clarification needed] performance and memory profiling capabilities<br>
wsimport – generates portable JAX-WS artifacts for invoking a web service.
+
wsimport – generates portable JAX-WS artifacts for invoking a web service.<br>
xjc – Part of the Java API for XML Binding (JAXB) API. It accepts an XML schema and generates Java classes.
+
xjc – Part of the Java API for XML Binding (JAXB) API. It accepts an XML schema and generates Java classes.<br>
 
Experimental tools may not be available in future versions of the JDK.
 
Experimental tools may not be available in future versions of the JDK.
  

Revision as of 12:58, 21 May 2015

Abstract

This page provides information about jdk installations on Fedora.

This page will discuss mainly about Open JDK and Oracle JDK, how to install them, test and configure them on Fedora.

What is JDK

JDK or Java Development Kit is an implementation of Java Environment, Standard Edition and is required for Java development purposes.

OpenJDK and project IcedTea

OpenJDK (Open Java Development Kit) is a free and open source implementation of the Java Platform, Standard Edition (Java SE). It is the result of an effort Sun Microsystems began in 2006. The implementation is licensed under the GNU General Public License (GNU GPL) with a linking exception. Were it not for the GPL linking exception, components that linked to the Java class library would be subject to the terms of the GPL license. OpenJDK is the official Java SE 7 reference implementation. Fedora has shipped OpenJDK as default JRE implementation. It's based on Sun Microsystem's/Oracle's JavaOne open source release and complemented by Red Hat's IcedTea project that implements the missing third party components that Sun/Oracle could not release under free License.

OpenJDK's java.library.path, shared librarary paths for i386 are:

/usr/lib
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.?.0-openjdk-1.6.0.0.x86_64/jre/lib/

and for x86_64:

/usr/lib64
/usr/lib/jvm/java-1.?.0-openjdk-1.6.0.0.x86_64/jre/lib/amd64/

The JDK has as its primary components a collection of programming tools, including:

JDK components

appletviewer – this tool can be used to run and debug Java applets without a web browser
apt – the annotation-processing tool
extcheck – a utility which can detect JAR-file conflicts
idlj – the IDL-to-Java compiler. This utility generates Java bindings from a given Java IDL file.
jabswitch – the Java Access Bridge. Exposes assistive technologies on Microsoft Windows systems.
java – the loader for Java applications. This tool is an interpreter and can interpret the class files generated by the javac compiler. Now a single launcher is used for both development and deployment. The old deployment launcher, jre, no longer comes with Sun JDK, and instead it has been replaced by this new java loader.
javac – the Java compiler, which converts source code into Java bytecode
javadoc – the documentation generator, which automatically generates documentation from source code comments
jar – the archiver, which packages related class libraries into a single JAR file. This tool also helps manage JAR files.
javafxpackager – tool to package and sign JavaFX applications
jarsigner – the jar signing and verification tool
javah – the C header and stub generator, used to write native methods
javap – the class file disassembler
javaws – the Java Web Start launcher for JNLP applications
JConsole – Java Monitoring and Management Console
jdb – the debugger
jhat – Java Heap Analysis Tool (experimental)
jinfo – This utility gets configuration information from a running Java process or crash dump. (experimental)
jmap – This utility outputs the memory map for Java and can print shared object memory maps or heap memory details of a given process or core dump. (experimental)
jmc – Java Mission Control
jps – Java Virtual Machine Process Status Tool lists the instrumented HotSpot Java Virtual Machines (JVMs) on the target system. (experimental)
jrunscript – Java command-line script shell.
jstack – utility which prints Java stack traces of Java threads (experimental)
jstat – Java Virtual Machine statistics monitoring tool (experimental)
jstatd – jstat daemon (experimental)
keytool – tool for manipulating the keystore
pack200 – JAR compression tool
policytool – the policy creation and management tool, which can determine policy for a Java runtime, specifying which permissions are available for code from various sources VisualVM – visual tool integrating several command-line JDK tools and lightweight clarification needed] performance and memory profiling capabilities
wsimport – generates portable JAX-WS artifacts for invoking a web service.
xjc – Part of the Java API for XML Binding (JAXB) API. It accepts an XML schema and generates Java classes.
Experimental tools may not be available in future versions of the JDK.

The JDK also comes with a complete Java Runtime Environment, usually called a private runtime, due to the fact that it is separated from the "regular" JRE and has extra contents. It consists of a Java Virtual Machine and all of the class libraries present in the production environment, as well as additional libraries only useful to developers, such as the internationalization libraries and the IDL libraries.

Copies of the JDK also include a wide selection of example programs demonstrating the use of almost all portions of the Java API. OpenJDK package name on Fedora is java-1.?.0-openjdk.