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= Contributing roles =
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{{admon/warning |This page has been moved out of the wiki. The current version of this document is located at https://docs.fedoraproject.org/en-US/package-maintainers/Joining_the_Package_MaintainersPlease update your bookmarks.}}
{{admon/tip|Contributing roles|These are only suggestions for contributing roles. Only your imagination sets the limits. }}
 
 
 
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[[Image:Join_OSDeveloper.png]]<BR>
 
[[Join#OS_Developer|OS Developer]]
 
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= How to join the Fedora Package Collection Maintainers? =
 
 
 
So, you have decided to become a package maintainer in the Fedora Project?  This guide will lead you through your first package submission.
 
 
 
== Becoming a Fedora Package Collection Maintainer ==
 
 
 
=== Read the Guidelines ===
 
 
 
If you don't know how to create an RPM package, see the [[PackageMaintainers/CreatingPackageHowTo|Creating Package HOWTO]] and the [[Docs/Drafts/BuildingPackagesGuide|Building Packages Guide]].
 
 
 
Read the [[Packaging/Guidelines|  Packaging Guidelines]] and [[Packaging/NamingGuidelines|  Package Naming Guidelines]] .
 
 
 
You need to be thoroughly familiar with these.  They govern all package submissions.  If you have questions, ask on the [https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/fedora-packaging Fedora Packaging List] .
 
 
 
=== Create a Bugzilla Account ===
 
 
 
Make sure you have an account in [https://bugzilla.redhat.com/ Red Hat Bugzilla] .
 
 
 
The email address that you use for your bugzilla account should be the same email address as you use in the [[#Get_a_Fedora_Account| Fedora Account System]] for all things related to Fedora Packaging.
 
 
 
=== Join the important Mailing Lists ===
 
 
 
You must join the [https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/fedora-devel-announce fedora-devel-announce@redhat.com]  mailing list. It is a low traffic announcements only list, where important development information is posted.
 
 
 
You can join the [https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/fedora-devel-list fedora-devel-list@redhat.com]  mailing list, where discussions about the development of Fedora are held. This is a high traffic mailing list.
 
 
 
You can also consider joining the [https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/fedora-extras-commits fedora-extras-commits@redhat.com]  mailing list -- The commits mailing list gets notifications on all commits in any package in the Fedora repository. This is a very high traffic mailing list. The Fedora package database sends commit mails for packages you (co-)maintain.
 
 
 
Another mailing list you might consider (at least to view the archives) is
 
[http://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/fedora-packaging fedora-packaging@redhat.com].
 
This is the mailing list of the [[Packaging/Committee | Fedora Packaging Committee]],
 
who determine the official packaging guidelines for Fedora projects.
 
 
 
=== Read Other Submissions ===
 
 
 
Read some other package submissions to learn about packaging and gain familiarity with the process and requirements.
 
 
 
One way of doing this is to join the [http://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/fedora-package-review  fedora-package-review@redhat.com mailing list] ;
 
all comments on Fedora package reviews are sent to this (read-only from your point of view) list.
 
 
 
=== Make a Package ===
 
 
 
You should make sure that it is a new package. The package you are submitting can be of any Free and open source project that is not already packaged in Fedora. You can find a list of existing packages in Fedora Package Collection in the [https://admin.fedoraproject.org/pkgdb/packages/ Fedora Package Database]. Please also check the [[PackageMaintainers/ReviewRequests | in progress and unassigned Review Requests]], giving the list of packages that need a review or are currently under review, as well as the [[PackageMaintainers/RetiredPackages | retired package]] list.
 
 
 
* If you don't know how to create an RPM package, see the [[PackageMaintainers/CreatingPackageHowTo|Creating Package HOWTO]].
 
* Make sure that your package meets the [[Packaging/Guidelines|  Packaging Guidelines]]  and [[Packaging/NamingGuidelines|  PackageNamingGuidelines]] .
 
* Be aware of [[ForbiddenItems | Forbidden Items]] and [[Packaging/ReviewGuidelines| Package Review Guidelines]]  (they will be used during the package review).
 
 
 
=== Upload Your Package ===
 
 
 
Upload your SRPM and SPEC files onto the Internet somewhere.  This can be anywhere accessible by a URL.
 
 
 
{{Anchor|CreateYourReviewRequest}}
 
=== Create Your Review Request ===
 
 
 
Fill out this form: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla/enter_bug.cgi?product=Fedora&format=extras-review.
 
 
 
* Before submitting your request, be sure there’s no a previous request for the same package.
 
* Make sure that you put the '''name of the package''' (excluding version and release numbers) in the '<code>Review Summary</code>' field, along with a very '''brief summary''' of what the package is.
 
* Upload the spec file and SRPM to a public website. If you need hosting space, please make a note of it in your ticket submission and someone will take care of you. If you are a Fedora package maintainer already, you can make use of http://fedorapeople.org
 
* Put a '''description''' of your package (usually, this can be the same thing as what you put in the spec %description) in the '<code>Review Description</code>' field.  Include the '''URLs''' to your '''SRPM''' and '''SPEC''' files. Also, explain that this is your first package and you need a sponsor.
 
 
 
{{Admon/warning | Make sure that you mention in the '<code>Review Description</code>' field that this is your first package, and you are seeking a sponsor. In Fedora Package Collection, all new contributors must be sponsored. Some potential sponsors will look at the [https://bugzilla.redhat.com/bugzilla/showdependencytree.cgi?id&#61;FE-NEEDSPONSOR FE-NEEDSPONSOR]  bug in bugzilla to find packages to review. You can add your package to this list by editing your review request bug and adding <code>FE-NEEDSPONSOR</code> in the '<code>Bug </code>''xyz''<code> blocks</code>' field (where ''xyz'' is the bug number for your review request).}}
 
 
 
The review process is described in detail on the [[Package Review Process| Package Review Process]]  page.
 
 
 
{{Anchor|WatchForFeedback}}
 
 
 
=== Watch for Feedback ===
 
 
 
Watch the Bugzilla report for your first package. You should get notifications of changes by email. Fix any blockers that the reviewer(s) point out.
 
 
 
{{Anchor|GetAFedoraAccount}}
 
=== Get a Fedora Account ===
 
 
 
Create an account in the [[Infrastructure/AccountSystem |Fedora Account System]] (this is ''not'' just a bugzilla account)
 
 
 
# Visit the account system home: https://admin.fedoraproject.org/accounts/
 
# Click on 'New account' and fill in the blanks.
 
# After you create your account, please be sure to sign the CLA (if you click on the "My Account" link in the top right, you should see CLA: CLA Done)<br>'''Note:''' Red Hat employees should apply for <code>cla_redhat</code> instead.  From the Account System, Apply for a New Group, put <code>cla_redhat</code> in the group field, and click Apply.  Then ask TomCallaway to approve you.
 
# Once you get email confirmation that your account has been created and you're a member of the <code>cla_done</code> group, return to edit your account: https://admin.fedoraproject.org/accounts/group/list?search=packager*
 
## In the table, look for the <code>packager</code> group, and click <code>Apply</code> under Status.
 
## Once this is done, your account will show up as "pending" to all of the Fedora Package Collection sponsors (who will receive an email).
 
## When you are sponsored, you will be automatically added/approved to the fedorabugs group as well.  This will allow you to make changes to the state of bugs in Bugzilla, which is what you'll need to do to get them checked in.  It will also allow you to do complete package reviews, including approving packages yourself!
 
 
 
{{Anchor|GetSponsored}}
 
 
 
=== Install the Client Tools (Koji) ===
 
To build Packages for the Fedora Collection or [[EPEL]], you need [[PackageMaintainers/UsingKoji|Koji]].
 
You'll also need to generate a client side certificate at the [https://admin.fedoraproject.org/accounts/user/gencert Fedora Account System] and save the file in <code>~/.fedora.cert</code>, where the Fedora CVS makefiles will look for it by default.
 
 
 
{{admon/tip|Certificate Expiration|Your certificate will expire after 6 months. Then you have to request another one. Also everytime you request a new certificate, the old one is invalidated and cannot be used anymore.}}
 
 
 
The <code>fedora-packager</code> package provides tools to help you setup and work with fedora, therefore install it:
 
<code>
 
yum install fedora-packager
 
</code>
 
 
 
After installation run it as your user to setup your koji configuration:
 
<code>
 
fedora-packager-setup
 
</code>
 
{{admon/tip|Certificate update|You will have to rerun <code>fedora-packager-setup</code> everytime you update your Fedora certificate.}}
 
 
 
You can now use "koji" to try to build your RPM packages on platforms (e.g., PPC) or distributions don't have. Note that you can test out builds ("scratch" builds) even when your package hasn't been approved and you don't have a sponsor.  A simple way to do a scratch build using koji is to do this at the command line:
 
koji build --arch-override=PLATFORM --scratch TARGET path_to_source_RPM
 
Where:
 
* TARGET is a distribution keyword such as dist-f9 (for Fedora 9).  You can run "koji list-targets" to see all targets.  To build for the next release (rawhide), ''don't'' use "dist-rawhide" - use "dist-fX" where X is one more than the latest stable release.
 
* PLATFORM is a platform keyword such as i386 (32-bit), x86_64, ppc, or ppc64. You can omit --arch-override=PLATFORM, in which case koji will do test builds on all the architectures the spec file says the package supports.
 
* Note that you need to supply the ''path'' to the source RPM (which ends in .src.rpm), and '''not''' a URL.  (If you only have the spec file, use <code>rpmbuild --nodeps -bs SPECFILE</code> to create the new source RPM).
 
 
 
Your koji builds can only depend on packages that are actually in the TARGET distribution repository.  Thus, you can't use koji to build for released distributions if your package depends on other new packages that Bodhi hasn't released yet.  You ''can'' use koji to build for rawhide (the next unreleased version), even if it depends on other new packages, as long as the other packages were built in the CVS "devel" section as described below.  If you need to build against a package that is not yet a stable released
 
update, you can file a ticket with rel-eng at: https://fedorahosted.org/rel-eng/newticket and request that that package be
 
added as a buildroot override. For packages in EPEL, you have to use the component ''epel'' to get the request to the right persons.
 
 
 
You can learn more about koji via:
 
koji --help            # General help
 
koji --help-commands  # list of koji commands
 
koji COMMAND --help    # help on command COMMAND
 
 
 
[[PackageMaintainers/UsingKoji]] has more information about using Koji.
 
 
 
=== Get Sponsored ===
 
 
 
When the package is APPROVED by the reviewer, you must separately obtain member sponsorship in order to check in and build your package.  Sponsorship is not automatic and may require that you further participate in other ways in order to demonstrate your understanding of the packaging guidelines.  Key to becoming sponsored is to convince an existing sponsor-level member that you understand and follow the project's guidelines and processes.
 
 
 
See [[PackageMaintainers/HowToGetSponsored]]  for more information on the process of becoming sponsored.
 
 
 
{{Admon/warning | First reviews for new packagers '''must''' be done by registered sponsors. Informal reviews can be done by anyone interested.}}
 
 
 
Your sponsor can approve your request and move you from "pending" to "sponsored". You should receive email confirmation of your sponsorship.
 
 
 
=== Add Package to CVS and Set Owner ===
 
 
 
Follow [[PackageMaintainers/CVSAdminProcedure | CVSAdminProcedure]] to get a CVS module for your new package and branches for recent releases.
 
 
 
This will be used to set up the proper records in the owners database, which is used for access to build the package, bugzilla population, and other features.  This step creates a CVS module for your new package, with empty directories for each requested distribution.
 
 
 
=== Check out the module ===
 
 
 
You ''could'' check out your module now, but before doing that, consider doing "mkdir ~/cvs ; cd ~/cvs" - that way, all your files are inside that.  Also, run ssh-add, so that you won't have to keep typing in your key password.
 
 
 
{{Admon/tip | Running <code>ssh-add</code> before doing any cvs operations is a very good idea. It will save you from having to type your key password for every operation. You only have to run ssh-add once per session, it will remember it until you log out or reboot. If "ssh-add" reports "Could not open a connection to your authentication agent.", start a new shell under it using "exec ssh-agent bash".}}
 
 
 
Now you are ready to checkout your module from CVS:
 
<pre>
 
fedora-cvs <packagename>
 
</pre>
 
 
 
Where <code><packagename></code> should be replaced with the name of your package.
 
 
 
You should now have a directory named after your package with a directory for each branch inside of it.
 
 
 
{{Admon/caution | If this step fails, be sure your private ssh key (<code>~/.ssh/id_rsa</code>) mode is set to 0400. You might have to wait for up to an hour after your request for a new CVS module has been approved to get write access. Make sure your public key is the same as in the Fedora Accounts System (FAS). Key propagation may take an hour or so after uploading into FAS}}
 
 
 
You can use fedora-cvs with many modules at the same time.  To checkout from cvs run fedora-cvs {module names seperated by spaces}, for example:
 
<pre>
 
fedora-cvs konversation mysql-gui-tools snort
 
</pre>
 
 
 
=== Import Your Package ===
 
 
 
Now that you've checked out your (empty) package module with fedora-cvs,
 
cd into the module:
 
cd MODULE_NAME
 
 
 
Run the common/cvs-import.sh script, to import the contents of the SRPM into CVS:
 
./common/cvs-import.sh PATH_TO_SRPM
 
 
 
Obviously, replace <code>PATH_TO_SRPM</code> with the full path (not URL) to your approved SRPM.
 
 
 
This imports into only the '''devel''' branch.  You will probably ''also'' want to do additional imports using the -b parameter, which will import the package into other distribution branches like '''F-9''', e.g.:
 
  ./common/cvs-import.sh -b F-9 PATH_TO_SRPM
 
 
 
The cvs-import.sh program will respond with:
 
Checking out module: 'NAME'
 
You may see errors like this several times, these can be ignored:
 
buffer_get_ret: trying to get more bytes 129 than in buffer 34
 
buffer_get_string_ret: buffer_get failed
 
buffer_get_bignum2_ret: invalid bignum
 
key_from_blob: can't read rsa key
 
key_read: key_from_blob AA....  failed
 
But among them you should see:
 
Unpacking source package: NAME....src.rpm...
 
Along with a list of the source files in the source package,
 
followed by checking and uploading of the files.
 
 
 
Then, you'll see "If you want to make any changes before committing, please press Ctrl-C.
 
Otherwise press Enter to proceed to commit."  Press Enter.
 
 
 
Finally (if you haven't set up an other editor) vi will open up to let you edit the CVS changelog. For the changelog, use the same format as the end of the .spec file. If you haven't used vi yet, after entering your changelog press 'Enter' and type
 
  :wq
 
and press 'Enter' again to finish the import.
 
 
 
=== Tag Or Update Your Branches ===
 
 
 
Branches are <code>F-</code># (formerly <code>FC-</code>#), <code>devel</code>, etc.  So ''F-9'' is the branch for Fedora 9.
 
 
 
Before a branch can be built in the Fedora Package build system, the files in that branch ''must'' be tagged in CVS.
 
 
 
<!-- Found in https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=452559 -->
 
The "import" command, described above, automatically tags the files. However, your local directory may not have exactly the right versions of the files, so go into the branch directory (e.g. <code>cd devel/</code> or <code>cd F-9/</code>) and run:
 
<pre>
 
cvs up
 
</pre>
 
 
 
The "import" script automatically tags the files.  However, if you imported your files "by hand" or you're doing a release
 
bump after a final build failure, instead of using the "import" script, then you need to tag it yourself.
 
To tag it yourself, when you're happy with the source, go into the branch directory (e.g. <code>cd devel/</code>) and run:
 
 
 
<pre>
 
make tag
 
</pre>
 
 
 
You should see it tag the branch with the version and release from the SPEC file. You need to tag all of the branches that you want to build.
 
 
 
=== Request Builds ===
 
 
 
For each tagged branch that you'd like to request a build for, go into the branch directory (e.g. <code>cd devel/</code>) and run:
 
 
 
<pre>
 
make build
 
</pre>
 
{{Admon/warning | Be sure that you build for rawhide before pushing updates for any other branches! Otherwise, those updates will get inherited into rawhide, which is almost certainly not what you want.}}
 
{{Admon/warning | Sync to buildsys is an hourly thing. So, sometimes you might have to wait for an hour to get access of the build server to give "make build"}}
 
If everything goes well, it should queue up your branch for building, the package will cleanly build, and you're done!
 
 
 
If it fails to build, the build system will send you an email to report the failure and show you to the logs. Commit any needed changes to cvs, bump the SPEC release number, retag the branch, and request a new build.
 
 
 
=== Submit Package as Update in Bodhi ===
 
 
 
The Fedora update system called Bodhi is used for pushing updates, classifying packages etc.
 
Do not submit "devel" (aka rawhide) packages via bodhi.
 
 
 
At one time you could push an update using Bodhi via the command line using:
 
<pre>
 
make update
 
</pre>
 
<!-- On 2008-07-21 "make update" no longer works. -->
 
 
 
Now, if you want to use the command line, use the "bodhi" command as described in the [[Bodhi_Guide|Bodhi Guide]].
 
 
 
You can also use [https://admin.fedoraproject.org/updates/new/ the Web interface for Bodhi] to request enhancement updates for each released Fedora you are bringing a new package to.
 
 
 
The first field asks for the name of the "Package". This field will auto-complete the package name found in the Koji build system, e.g. <package-name>-<version>-<release>.fc9. If completion doesn't work, just enter the package build name yourself.
 
 
 
For new packages, choose "newpackage" as the "type" of update.
 
 
 
Put the "Request" as "testing" if you want to put the package through testing first, see [[QA|  Fedora Quality Assurance]] . Put "stable" if you want to push the package directly to stable.
 
 
 
Put the bug number of the package's Review Request in the "Bugs" field blank. Bodhi will automatically close it as NEXTRELEASE when it gets pushed to the requested update status.
 
 
 
For new packages, add a copy of the package's description in the "Notes" section, so end users will know what the package is.
 
 
 
Here is the [[Bodhi_Guide|Bodhi Guide]] and
 
[[Infrastructure/UpdatesSystem/Bodhi-info-DRAFT|more information on Bodhi]] .
 
 
 
After you have submitted an upgrade through bodhi, your package is placed in a queue. Periodically, an administrator will check the queue and push all of the packages into the appropriate repositories.
 
 
 
=== Make the package available in "comps" files ===
 
 
 
If appropriate for the package, make it available in "comps" files so that it can be selected during installation and included in yum's package group operations.  See [[PackageMaintainers/CompsXml]] for more info.
 
 
 
== Getting Help  ==
 
 
 
We know that this process can be as clear as mud sometimes, and we're always trying to make it better. If you run into any problems, or have any questions, please ask on the [https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/fedora-devel-list fedora-devel-list]  mailing list or in #fedora-devel on [http://freenode.net/ freenode] . See the [[Communicate]]  page for details.
 
 
 
The Fedora Mentors Project has people willing to help new contributors in their packaging efforts. See the [[Mentors]]  page for more information.
 
 
 
See also the [[using CVS FAQ for package maintainers|CVS FAQ]]
 
 
 
== Getting a new package into Fedora Package Collection for existing maintainers  ==
 
 
 
If you already maintain a package in Fedora and want to maintain another, follow the [[PackageMaintainers/NewPackageProcess|  new package process]] .
 
 
 
[[Category:Package Maintainers]] [[Category:Join]]
 

Latest revision as of 05:52, 15 September 2021

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