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{{admon/tip|Kerberos|You will need to have a Kerberos ticket in order to use Koji. To get a ticket, use the following command in a Terminal: "kinit yourfasid@FEDORAPROJECT.ORG". The domain is case-sensitive, so keep FEDORAPROJECT.ORG upper case.}}
{{admon/tip|Kerberos|You will need to have a Kerberos ticket in order to use Koji. To get a ticket, use the following command in a Terminal: "kinit yourfasid@FEDORAPROJECT.ORG". The domain is case-sensitive, so keep FEDORAPROJECT.ORG upper case.}}
To configure this if using GNOME, see [[Infrastructure/Kerberos]]

You can now use "koji" to try to build your RPM packages in the Fedora build system, even on platforms or Fedora versions you don't have.  Note that you can (and definitely should) test out builds ("scratch" builds) even before your package has been approved and you have been sponsored.  A simple way to do a scratch build using koji is to do this at the command line:
You can now use "koji" to try to build your RPM packages in the Fedora build system, even on platforms or Fedora versions you don't have.  Note that you can (and definitely should) test out builds ("scratch" builds) even before your package has been approved and you have been sponsored.  A simple way to do a scratch build using koji is to do this at the command line:

Revision as of 09:41, 11 January 2019

Contributing roles

Contributing roles
These are only suggestions for contributing roles. Only your imagination sets the limits.

Join OSDeveloper.png
OS Developer

How to join the Fedora Package Collection Maintainers?

So, you have decided to become a package maintainer in the Fedora Project? This guide will lead you through your first package submission.


Becoming a Fedora Package Collection Maintainer

Read the Guidelines

If you don't know how to create an RPM package, refer to the tutorial at How_to_create_a_GNU_Hello_RPM_package or the more advanced and much more detailed how to create an RPM package.

Read the Packaging Guidelines and Package Naming Guidelines .

You need to be thoroughly familiar with these. They govern all package submissions. If you have questions, ask on the Fedora packaging List.

Create a Bugzilla Account

Make sure you have an account in Red Hat Bugzilla .

The email address that you use for your Bugzilla account should be the same email address as you use in the Fedora Account System for all things related to Fedora Packaging.

Do not use your address if you already have one.
You should not use your email address in Bugzilla, because you will not get your Bugzilla privileges once you are sponsored. If you want to use your address, you might try to request at the Fedora Infrastructure Ticket System for an administrator to manually override the Bugzilla address connected with your Fedora Account.

Create a Fedora Account

Create an account in the Fedora Account System (this is not the same as the Bugzilla account)

  1. Visit the account system home:
  2. Click on 'New account' and fill in the blanks. Note that the email you give should be the same as the one you gave Bugzilla. This allows the system to link privileges between the two accounts.
  3. After you create your account, please be sure to sign the CLA (if you click on the "My Account" link in the top right, you should see CLA: CLA Done).
  4. You will also need to upload a public RSA SSH key. You need to use the matching private key to access Fedora machines via SSH. You can read more about this here.

Join the important Mailing Lists

You must join the fedora devel-announce mailing list. It is a low traffic announcements only list, where important development information is posted.

You can join the fedora devel mailing list, where discussions about the development of Fedora are held. This is a high traffic mailing list.

You can also consider joining the package-announce mailing list -- The commits mailing list gets notifications on all commits in any package in the Fedora repository. This is a very high traffic mailing list. The Fedora package database sends commit mails for packages you (co-)maintain.

Another mailing list you might consider (at least to view the archives) is packaging. This is the mailing list of the Fedora Packaging Committee, who determine the official packaging guidelines for Fedora projects.

Ensure the software you wish to package is suitable

Note that there's other methods for getting sponsored into the packager group than submitting a new package. check the How to get sponsored page for more info.

The package you are submitting can be of any free and open source project that is not already packaged in Fedora. Before creating your package, make sure that the software is not already in the Fedora repository, or waiting for review.

Understand your responsibilities

Software components included in Fedora need to be maintained actively, and bugs - especially security issues - need to be fixed in a timely manner. As a Fedora package maintainer, it is your primary responsibility to ensure this. We encourage you to get co-maintainers and seek the help of the Fedora community via the development mailing list whenever needed.

Read Other Submissions

Read some other package submissions to learn about packaging and gain familiarity with the process and requirements.

One way of doing this is to join the package-review mailing list;All comments on Fedora package reviews are sent to this (read-only from your point of view) list.

Configure Your Git

The first thing to do when you set up Fedora packaging is to configure your username and email address for Git. These are linked in each commit you do to Fedora packages.

git config --global "John Doe"
git config --global

Install the developer client tools

To build Packages for the Fedora Collection or EPEL in the Fedora build system you need Koji.

The Package-x-generic-16.pngfedora-packager package provides tools to help you setup and work with fedora; it will bring in everything necessary for general packaging work. Run the following as root:

dnf install fedora-packager

After installation set your Fedora Account System username in ~/.fedora.upn (do this as your normal user, not root). You can do this via:

echo "yourfasid" > ~/.fedora.upn

(replacing "yourfasid", of course.)

You will need to have a Kerberos ticket in order to use Koji. To get a ticket, use the following command in a Terminal: "kinit yourfasid@FEDORAPROJECT.ORG". The domain is case-sensitive, so keep FEDORAPROJECT.ORG upper case.

To configure this if using GNOME, see Infrastructure/Kerberos

You can now use "koji" to try to build your RPM packages in the Fedora build system, even on platforms or Fedora versions you don't have. Note that you can (and definitely should) test out builds ("scratch" builds) even before your package has been approved and you have been sponsored. A simple way to do a scratch build using koji is to do this at the command line:

koji build --scratch TARGET path_to_source_RPM


  • TARGET is a distribution keyword such as f25 (for Fedora 25). You can run "koji list-targets" to see all targets. To build for the next release (rawhide), don't use "dist-rawhide" - use "fX" where X is one more than the latest stable or branched release.
  • Note that you need to supply the path to the source RPM (which ends in .src.rpm), and not a URL. (If you only have the spec file, use rpmbuild --nodeps -bs SPECFILE to create the new source RPM).

Your koji builds can only depend on packages that are actually in the TARGET distribution repository. Thus, you can't use koji to build for released distributions if your package depends on other new packages that Bodhi hasn't released yet. You can use koji to build for rawhide (the next unreleased version), even if it depends on other new packages, as long as the other packages were built for the "rawhide" as described below. If you need to build against a package that is not yet a stable released update, you can file a ticket with rel-eng at: and request that that package is added as a buildroot override. For packages in EPEL, you have to use the component epel to get the request to the right persons.

You can learn more about koji via:

koji --help            # General help
koji --help-commands   # list of koji commands
koji COMMAND --help    # help on command COMMAND

Using the Koji build system has more information about using Koji.

Make a Package

Upload Your Package

Upload your SRPM and SPEC files onto the Internet somewhere so that others can retrieve them. This can be anywhere accessible by a URL, but it is important that the files be directly accessible, not hidden behind some service that makes people wait to download things or redirects through advertising pages.

If you want to make ad-hoc builds available for users while you are getting the package into the official repositories, consider using Copr. It is a lightweight automated build system that can create repositories using the SRPM you upload. You can use this Copr space to point reviewers to your src.rpm and spec.

Create Your Review Request

Fill out this form:

  • Before submitting your request, be sure there’s not a previous request for the same package. There is a convenient search box on the package review status page.
  • Make sure that you put the name of the package (excluding version and release numbers) in the 'Review Summary' field, along with a very brief summary of what the package is.
  • Put a description of your package (usually, this can be the same thing as what you put in the spec %description) in the 'Review Description' field. Include the URLs to your SRPM and SPEC files.
  • Explain in the ticket that this is your first package and you need a sponsor. Also, include any information that may help prospective sponsors. If you've been active in other review work, include links. If you're the upstream maintainer, be sure to say so.
  • For bonus points, include a link to a successful koji build so that everyone knows you did all of your homework.
Make sure that you mention in the 'Review Description' field that this is your first package, and you are seeking a sponsor. In Fedora Package Collection, all new contributors must be sponsored. Some potential sponsors will look at the FE-NEEDSPONSOR bug in Bugzilla to find packages to review. You can add your package to this list by editing your review request bug (which will be created once you click 'Commit' on the form) and adding FE-NEEDSPONSOR in the 'Blocks' field.

The review process is described in detail on the Package Review Process page.

Inform Upstream

Fedora as a project prefers to stay close to upstream. Inform the developers that you are packaging the software. You can do that by sending them an email introducing yourself and pointing out the review request. This sets up the stage for future conversations. They will usually advertise the fact that their software is now part of Fedora or might want to inform you of important bugs in the existing release, future roadmaps etc.

Introduce yourself

When a new package maintainer joins the Fedora Project, we request that he/she introduces themselves on the Fedora devel mailing list. To sign up for the list, visit the devel list's signup page. The primary purpose of this is to begin the process of building trust by allowing the Fedora community members to get to know you a bit more and increase the chances of your review request being processed sooner.

We want to break anonymity and foster real-world community within the project. You are under no obligation to reveal personal secrets. The objective is to establish a level of trust between yourself and the other members of the project. But you should at least use your real name when communicating with us. Also, a brief description of who you are, your motivations and perhaps a description of the software you have submitted for review are advisable.

Subject: Self Introduction:  <Your name>

Body:  Add any information you believe is applicable 
including past experience in free and open source projects, 
a link to the review request you have filed and 
a brief description of yourself. You can also post 
your GPG key information if you want to.

Watch for Feedback

Watch the Bugzilla report for your first package. You should get notifications of changes by email. Fix any blockers that the reviewer(s) point out.

Get Sponsored

When the package is APPROVED by the reviewer, you must separately obtain member sponsorship in order to check in and build your package. Sponsorship is not automatic and may require that you further participate in other ways in order to demonstrate your understanding of the packaging guidelines. Key to becoming sponsored is to convince an existing sponsor-level member that you understand and follow the project's guidelines and processes.

See how to get sponsored into the packager group for more information on the process of becoming sponsored.

Your sponsor can add you to the packager group. You should receive an email confirmation of your sponsorship.

Add Package to Source Code Management (SCM) system and Set Owner

Before proceeding, please sync your account by login on using your FAS credentials.

If you are becoming a maintainer for a new package, instead of being a co-maintainer, use fedpkg to request a new git repository for your package. The sub-command is "fedpkg request-repo" which includes help text for setting up the Pagure API token the command requires. You must specify the repository name using the "--module-name" flag. For example: "fedpkg --module-name python-prometheus_client request-repo 1590452".

The request will be reviewed and processed by an admin, usually within 24 hours. Once the ticket is processed, you will have access to commit and build the package.

Check out the module

You could check out your module now, but before doing that, consider doing mkdir ~/fedora-scm ; cd ~/fedora-scm - that way, all your files are inside a single directory. Also, run ssh-add, so that you won't have to keep typing in your key password.

Running ssh-add before doing any SCM operations is a very good idea. It will save you from having to type your key password for every operation. You only have to run ssh-add once per session, it will remember it until you log out or reboot. If ssh-add reports "Could not open a connection to your authentication agent.", start a new shell under it using exec ssh-agent bash.

Now you are ready to checkout your module from the SCM:

 fedpkg clone <packagename>

Where <packagename> should be replaced with the name of your package.

Stop (medium size).png
If this step fails, be sure your private ssh key (~/.ssh/id_rsa) mode is set to 0400. You might have to wait for up to an hour after your request for a new git module has been approved to get write access. Make sure your public key is the same as in the Fedora Account System (FAS). Key propagation may take an hour or so after uploading into FAS.
Note that fedpkg does not set the user config for your new git repo automatically. Make sure to have these set globally or locally in your new repo before you do your first commit (see Configure your global git settings).
Note: If you are not a member of the fedora packager group, you will receive a "permission denied" error. Use the -a flag to clone anonymously.

Test Your Package

Refer to Using_Mock_to_test_package_builds and Using_the_Koji_build_system#Scratch_Builds for more information on testing your package. Mock uses your local system while Koji command line tool uses the Fedora build system server.

Import, commit, and build your package

Now that you've checked out your (empty) package module with fedpkg, cd into the module's master branch:

cd <packagename>

Run fedpkg to import the contents of the SRPM into the SCM:

fedpkg import PATH_TO_SRPM
# Review Changes, press 'q' to stop; Revert with: git reset --hard HEAD
git commit -m "Initial import (#XXXXXX)."
git push
fedpkg build

Obviously, replace PATH_TO_SRPM with the full path (not URL) to your approved SRPM, and XXXXXX with the package review bug number.

This imports into, commits, and builds only the master (Rawhide) branch.

If the push fails with this kind of message:

W access for why DENIED to YOUR_ACCOUNT
fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly
Could not push: Command '['git', 'push']' returned non-zero exit status 128

Then you don't have the necessary rights to modify that package branch; view to request those rights.

For more information on using the Fedora package maintenance system, see the Package maintenance guide.

Update Your Branches (if desired)

Branches are f# (formerly F-# and before that FC-#), master, etc. So f38 is the branch for Fedora 38.

To switch to a branch first:

fedpkg switch-branch BRANCH (e.g. f38)

Merge the initial commit from master, creating an identical commit in the branch:

git merge master

Push the changes to the server:

git push

Build the package:

fedpkg build

If there is another branch to work with repeat "To switch to a branch" and import and commit to each branch.

Be sure that you build for rawhide (master) branch before pushing updates for any other branches! Otherwise, those updates will get inherited into rawhide, which is almost certainly not what you want.
Sync to buildsys is an hourly thing. So, sometimes you might have to wait for an hour to get access of the build server to give "fedpkg build".

If everything goes well, it should queue up your branch for building, the package will cleanly build, and you're done!

If it fails to build, the build system will send you an email to report the failure and show you to the logs. Commit any needed changes to git, bump the SPEC release number, and request a new build.

Submit Package as Update in Bodhi

The Fedora update system called Bodhi is used for pushing updates, classifying packages etc. Do not submit Rawhide (master branch) builds via Bodhi.

You can push an update using Bodhi via the command line using this in each branch:

fedpkg update

See the update submission guide for more details.

Make the package available in "comps" files

If appropriate for the package, make it available in "comps" files so that it can be selected during installation and included in dnf's|yum's package group operations. See How to use and edit comps.xml for package groups for more info.

Watch for updates

Fedora has the infrastructure available for monitoring new upstream releases of the software you are packaging. Refer to Upstream Release Monitoring for more details.

Getting Help

We know that this process can be as clear as mud sometimes, and we're always trying to make it better. If you run into any problems, or have any questions, please ask on the devel mailing list or in #fedora-devel[?] on

Getting a new package into Fedora Package Collection for existing maintainers

If you already maintain a package in Fedora and want to maintain another, follow the new package process for existing contributors.

One-off contributions

Changes to existing packages can be suggested by submitting pull requests. You must have a Fedora account to create a pull request.

If your account is not in the 'packager' group, you cannot push changes to forks on so you must use an external Git hosting platform (e.g. and use remote pull-requests.