This page documents a few additional steps to enable building LiveCDs in an existing Koji installation, how to build one, and where the code will grow from here. This is a very new feature and there hasn't been much external testing yet, so please keep that mind if you run into difficulty. For additional questions and information, ask around in #koji on FreeNode IRC and sign up to the right mailing lists as the Koji project website dictates.
Build System Preparation
This section assumes you have know-how required to install and configure a new instance of Koji, and that you have already done so. You can learn how to do so here if you need to. You should also have some familiarity with how livecd-creator from the livecd-tools package works.
Follow this procedure step by step to get things prepared they way they need to be. Italics indicate commands to run on the console.
- mkdir /mnt/koji/images: create a directory to put the finished images
- chown apache:apache /mnt/koji/images: let apache read and write to it
- You need a livecd 'channel'. If you're running version 1.3.2 or later, it will already be available. If not, you'll have to add it to the database manually: (will add shortly)
- koji add-host-to-channel <your-host> livecd: add a builder to the livecd channel
- You need a livecd 'permission'. If you're running version 1.3.2 or later, it will already be available. If not, you'll have to add it to the database manually: (will add shortly)
- koji grant-permission livecd <user>: grant the permission to build livecds to a user. This step is optional since admins have all permissions, technically.
- koji add-group <build-tag> livecd-build: add the livecd-build group
- koji add-group-pkg <build-tag> livecd-build <pkg> ...: add packages to the livecd-build group. The packages should match what you have in the "build" group, plus: python-dbus, yum, squashfs-tools, livecd-tools, and selinux-targeted-policy as of Fedora 10.
- You will need a tag and target to build the LiveCDs from. The repos generated for the build tag of the target is what Koji will use to populate the LiveCDs by default. (the alternative is to use the --repo option, more on that later)
Building a LiveCD
Building a Livecd in Koji is accomplished with the spin-livecd directive. Like all other Koji directives, usage information is available with --help:
Usage: koji spin-livecd [options] <target> <arch> <kickstart-file> (Specify the --help global option for a list of other help options) Options: -h, --help show this help message and exit --nowait Don't wait on livecd creation --noprogress Do not display progress of the upload --background Run the livecd creation task at a lower priority --isoname=ISONAME Use a custom name for the iso file --ksurl=SCMURL The URL to the SCM containing the kickstart file --ksversion=VERSION The syntax version used in the kickstart file --scratch Create a scratch LiveCD image. --repo=REPO Specify a comma-separated list of repos that will override the repo used to install RPMs in the LiveCD image. The repo associated with the target is the default.
The way LiveCDs are created in Koji is fairly straightforward. A chroot is initialized and populated with the packages and their dependencies in the livecd-build group. Next, the kickstart file is copied into it if it was provided from local storage. If not, it is checked out into it from an SCM. It is then modified to use the repo associated with the build tag for the target specified in the command unless the --repo option was given. Both the original and the modified kickstart files are saved as part of the output for the task for later review. A livecd command is executed as such (using the mock('--chroot', ...) method): livecd-creator -f <filename> -c <kickstart-file> -d -v --logfile=/tmp/livecd.log --cache=/tmp/koji-livecd. Once that completes, the image file is copied to /mnt/koji/images/livecd/$imageID if it is not a scratch image. Note that the logfile and cache directory were arbitrarily chosen and hardcoded.
1. Firstly, word of caution about kickstart files and the %include macro. livecd-creator is smart enough to search the current directory of the submitted kickstart file if it has %include macros. If the kickstart specified to koji is from local storage, only that kickstart file will be copied into the chroot, and this creates a problem if it has %include macros, because the other kickstart files it needs will be inaccessible. This issue is not present when the kickstart file is retrieved from a remote SCM (such as the spin-kickstarts git repo), because the entire repository is checked out. Presumably it will include any other kickstart files the specified one is including in the same directory. A workaround for the issue would be to use ksflatten (from pykickstart) on kickstart files with %include macros that are going to be submitted to koji from the user's local disk.
2. Another issue is if the kickstart file passed to livecd-creator defines repositories that Koji isn't aware of, and pulls packages from those repositories, the task will fail when storing RPM information to the database. This is because packages may be installed into the image that Koji cannot resolve the origin of, which causes the task to fail out. The way we sidestep this issue is by overriding the repos defined in the kickstart file with the repositories associated with the build target supplied on the command line. This is achieved using pykickstart. (kojid is now dependent on it with these changes) Note that if you use --repo though, you may run into this issue.
3. Package Groups in the kickstart file cause a problem if the Koji repos do not define them, which they most likely don't since Koji's comps.xml is based on the "groups" set up from the CLI. livecd-creator's behavior is to ignore package groups that are not defined in the repo it is using, so this can be troublesome when creating the image since packages could be left out. There are two possible workarounds: do not use package groups in the kickstart file and just specify a huge list of packages, or use --repo and specify a repo that does have a comps.xml that defines the groups it uses. Just make sure that repo is also one that Koji knows about. (see #2)
4. LiveCD images cannot be populated using local repos cannot use signed RPMs, because the repos Koji creates never have signed RPMs. You'll have to use external repos.
5. Debuginfo RPMs are tricky to get into LiveCDs as well, because by default the local repos generated by Koji do not have them. You can include them on a regeneration, but the next time Kojira regenerates them, they'll be gone again. The workaround is to regen the repo using koji call newRepo "debuginfo=True" just before building the LiveCD.