Packaging:RPMMacros

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(Valid RPM Macros)
(Valid RPM Macros)
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= Valid RPM Macros =
 
= Valid RPM Macros =
  
Here are the definitions for some common specfile macros as they are defined on Fedora Core 11 (rpm-4.7.0-1.fc11). For definitions of more macros, examine the output of "<code>rpm --showrc</code>". To see the expanded definition of a macro use the command "<code>rpm --eval '</code>'''%{macro}'''<code>'</code>".  Note that neither command will take into account macros defined inside specfiles, but both will take into account macros defined in your <code>~/.rpmmacros</code> file and macros defined on the command line.
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Here are the definitions for some common specfile macros as they are defined on Fedora Core 11 (rpm-4.7.0-1.fc11). For definitions of more macros, examine the output of "<code>rpm --showrc</code>". To see the expanded definition of a macro use the command <code>rpm --eval "%{macro}"</code>.  Note that neither command will take into account macros defined inside specfiles, but both will take into account macros defined in your <code>~/.rpmmacros</code> file and macros defined on the command line.
  
 
Keep in mind that some of these macros may evaluate differently on older Fedora or EPEL releases.  
 
Keep in mind that some of these macros may evaluate differently on older Fedora or EPEL releases.  

Revision as of 14:06, 20 May 2009

Contents

Valid RPM Macros

Here are the definitions for some common specfile macros as they are defined on Fedora Core 11 (rpm-4.7.0-1.fc11). For definitions of more macros, examine the output of "rpm --showrc". To see the expanded definition of a macro use the command rpm --eval "%{macro}". Note that neither command will take into account macros defined inside specfiles, but both will take into account macros defined in your ~/.rpmmacros file and macros defined on the command line.

Keep in mind that some of these macros may evaluate differently on older Fedora or EPEL releases.

Macros mimicking autoconf variables

%{_sysconfdir}        /etc
%{_prefix}            /usr
%{_exec_prefix}       %{_prefix}
%{_bindir}            %{_exec_prefix}/bin
%{_lib}               lib (lib64 on 64bit systems)
%{_libdir}            %{_exec_prefix}/%{_lib}
%{_libexecdir}        %{_exec_prefix}/libexec
%{_sbindir}           %{_exec_prefix}/sbin
%{_sharedstatedir}    /var/lib
%{_datadir}           %{_prefix}/share
%{_includedir}        %{_prefix}/include
%{_oldincludedir}     /usr/include
%{_infodir}           /usr/share/info
%{_mandir}            /usr/share/man
%{_localstatedir}     /var
%{_initddir}          %{_sysconfdir}/rc.d/init.d

Note: On releases older than Fedora 10 (and EPEL), %{_initddir} does not exist. Instead, you should use the deprecated %{_initrddir} macro.

RPM directory macros

%{_topdir}            %{getenv:HOME}/rpmbuild
%{_builddir}          %{_topdir}/BUILD
%{_rpmdir}            %{_topdir}/RPMS
%{_sourcedir}         %{_topdir}/SOURCES
%{_specdir}           %{_topdir}/SPECS
%{_srcrpmdir}         %{_topdir}/SRPMS
%{_buildrootdir}      %{_topdir}/BUILDROOT

Note: On releases older than Fedora 10 (and EPEL), %{_buildrootdir} does not exist.

Build flags macros

%{_global_cflags}     -O2 -g -pipe
%{_optflags}          %{__global_cflags} -m32 -march=i386 -mtune=pentium4 # if redhat-rpm-config is installed

Other macros

%{_var}               /var
%{_tmppath}           %{_var}/tmp
%{_usr}               /usr
%{_usrsrc}            %{_usr}/src
%{_docdir}            %{_datadir}/doc

Reference

Here are macros from other distributions to aid you in package conversion: