Packaging:RPMMacros

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Valid RPM Macros

Here are the definitions for some common specfile macros as they are defined on Fedora Core 3 (rpm-4.3.2-21). For definitions of more macros, examine the output of "rpm --showrc". To see the expanded definition of a macro use the command "rpm --eval '%{macro}'". Note that neither command will take into account macros defined inside specfiles, but both will take into account macros defined in your ~/.rpmmacros file and macros defined on the command line.


Macros mimicking autoconf variables

%{_sysconfdir}        /etc
%{_initrddir}         %{_sysconfdir}/rc.d/init.d
%{_prefix}            /usr
%{_exec_prefix}       %{_prefix}
%{_bindir}            %{_exec_prefix}/bin
%{_lib}               lib (lib64 on 64bit systems)
%{_libdir}            %{_exec_prefix}/%{_lib}
%{_libexecdir}        %{_exec_prefix}/libexec
%{_sbindir}           %{_exec_prefix}/sbin
%{_sharedstatedir}    %{_prefix}/com
%{_datadir}           %{_prefix}/share
%{_includedir}        %{_prefix}/include
%{_oldincludedir}     /usr/include
%{_infodir}           /usr/share/info
%{_mandir}            /usr/share/man
%{_localstatedir}     /var

RPM directory macros

%{_topdir}            %{_usrsrc}/redhat
%{_builddir}          %{_topdir}/BUILD
%{_rpmdir}            %{_topdir}/RPMS
%{_sourcedir}         %{_topdir}/SOURCES
%{_specdir}           %{_topdir}/SPECS
%{_srcrpmdir}         %{_topdir}/SRPMS

Build flags macros

%{_global_cflags}     -O2 -g -pipe
%{_optflags}          %{__global_cflags} -m32 -march=i386 -mtune=pentium4 # if redhat-rpm-config is installed

Other macros

%{_var}               /var
%{_tmppath}           %{_var}/tmp
%{_usr}               /usr
%{_usrsrc}            %{_usr}/src
%{_docdir}            %{_datadir}/doc

Reference

Here are macros from other distributions to aid you in package conversion: