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Revision as of 15:59, 27 June 2019 by Torsava (talk | contribs) (Ideas for Python 3.9)

Upgrading Python from 3.N-1 to 3.N

Here are the notes from upgrading Python from 3.6 to 3.7. They are created to save us time next time when upgrading to 3.8. It is not a comprehensive guide, but if it once gets to it, it'd be great.

For Python 3.9, see section Ideas for Python 3.9 at the bottom.

Create a Change Proposal

Before anything can happen, we need to create a Change Proposal. Follow the normal procedure, get inspired by previous changes, but make sure the process hasn't changed (copypasta is good, but check if the template hasn't been updated).

Create python3N package

This can happen as soon as the first alpha is released. If you have enough resources, try to do it even before. The python3X packages are designed to have flat/nonflat switches since Package-x-generic-16.pngpython36, so you will use this package once you want to update Package-x-generic-16.pngpython3.

Make a copr repo, bootstrap "important stuff" in it

Bootstrapping Python packages is nontrivial. Chances are high that from the upgrade to 3.N-1, the bootstrap sequence has changed, as more packages switched to python3-sphinx etc. Start as early as possible.

For 3.7, I've used rpm-list-builder. The yaml recipe is archived on my GitHub. It has some comments. Note that rpm-list-builder has limitations:

  • it doesn't bump releases, so you need to do that manually if you build one package once and the new build has new functionality (aka not just for tests)
  • the "continue from here" future isn't very useful for us and was designed for different purpose, so what I did is that most of the yaml was commented out and I was uncommenting sections that I needed keeping finished stuff above, TODO stuff at the bottom
  • everything is sequential. go do something different from time to time

What wasn't done for 3.7 but might have been a good idea is to restart the procedure once in a while. Packages early in the bootstrap sequence were build once with alphas and never tested with betas and rc. I suggest restarting the procedure on beta1 and on rc1.

Preserving the yaml recipe is good, you can use it for Fedora later.

Work in Progress Python 3.8 recipe:

This is the command I've used:

rm work-directory/* -rf && rpmlb --download local --source-directory source-directory python37.yaml python37 --work-directory work-directory --build copr --copr-repo @python/python3.7

I had local fedpkg clones, so I could create quick hotfixes in them. Also a must for Package-x-generic-16.pngpython3 package - you have it updated to 3.N, but rawhide still has 3.N-1.

Once ready, move into Fedora proper

Ready can differ. For 3.7 it was when rc1 was released and all important stuff from the yaml recipe was built in copr (in fact, couple of packages were not, but the fix was known).

Request a side tag

Example: Side tag for Python 3.7 releng issue

You'll get a side tag name (target). It can differ. For 3.7 it was f29-python.

To build in the side tag, you do:

fedpkg build --target=<name>

To wait for builds to get into the repos, do:

koji wait-repo <name> --build=<nvr>

Reproduce the bootstrap sequence

Just get the recipe and rebuild in the side tag. rpm-list-builder could not do it with 3.7 so I've used a dirty script. Be prepared for failures, packages got updated in the meantime and new deps were added. Tough life.

Rebuild everything else

Now, this gets a bit magical but what I did is that I've used mini-mass-rebuild to rebuild everything. Remember to bump the release and use the side tag (the script needs to be adjusted).

What is everything? First, i get the packages that buildrequire Package-x-generic-16.pngpython3-devel:

 dnf repoquery  --disablerepo='*' --enablerepo='rawhide-source' --whatrequires python3-devel

But I forgot the virtual provides:

dnf repoquery  --disablerepo='*' --enablerepo='rawhide' --provides python3-devel

Also a good idea what actually needs a rebuild is:

dnf repoquery --whatrequires '' --source
dnf repoquery --whatrequires 'python(abi) == 3.6' --source

Use 3.N-1 instead of 3.6.

A helpful pkgname command to pipe those things into:

import fileinput

for line in fileinput.input():

Remember that you already built stuff that doesn't need an extra rebuild. To remove a list of packages from the list of packages, I use

python3 all_rawhide already_built remains

There are also and in mini-mass-rebuild.

parallel -j 32 bash ../ -- $(cat ../remains) | tee ../status
for i in free open closed failed canceled; do echo -e $i\\t$(grep " $i" ../status | wc -l); done
cat ../status | grep " closed" | cut -d" " -f1 | tee ../closed
python3 ../ ../remains ../closed ../remains


parallel -j 32 bash ../ -- $(cat ../remains) | tee ../reason
cat ../reason | grep ' build'  # FTBFS
cat ../reason | grep ' root'   # missing dependency

It's a good idea to mass rebuild everything that remains until the number of closed (built) packages stops at 0. Don't forget to bump the release over and over again. Later, start investigating the build failure reasons. Untangle any circular deps if found. Add them to yaml recipe for next time. File bugs (block the tracking bug, create an alias (PYTHON3N)). E-mail maintainers. Cry.

Request a side tag merge

Once you feel things look good (ask QA to confirm) and the number of FTBFS is reasonably low (for 3.7 it was 300 (half waiting for deps)), ask releng to merge the side tag. Do this at least a week before the mass rebuild. Releng will most likely not respond within a day, so better plan a future date (a ~week in advance would work best). E-mail devel-announce.

It was not yet possible during 3.7, but check with nirik if creating a test compose from side tag is possible, it could prevent issues like this one (anaconda tracebacks, no compose). Without a proper compose, the rawhide repos are not updated.

When the side tag is being merged, be available. After the merge, stuff thet has higher nevr in rawhide will "win" over the side tag. Double check if Package-x-generic-16.pnggdb has higher nevr in the side tag and bump-rebuild in there if not. Otherwise the buildroot will be broken (Package-x-generic-16.pnggdb will require python(abi) == 3.N-1, but that won't be available). Also, everything that was bootstrapped (not everything from the recipe, but where actual bootstrapping was involved) - rebuild it in the side tag of it has higher nevr in rawhide, or you will need to bootstrap it again after the merge.

Once merged, releng will give you list of packages that had higher nevr in rawhide. Bump-rebuild them in rawhide once you can koji-wait for python3-3.N.0... build.

After a side tag merge

If there are still FTBFSes (they are), e-mail the maintainers again.

Monitor the state. Get the initial list of broken deps:

$ (dnf repoquery  --disablerepo='*' --enablerepo='koji' --whatrequires '' --source && dnf repoquery  --disablerepo='*' --enablerepo='koji' --whatrequires 'python(abi) == 3.6' --source) | pkgname | sort | uniq > rawhide

Diff and update it regularly:

$ dnf clean all && (dnf repoquery  --disablerepo='*' --enablerepo='koji' --whatrequires '' --source && dnf repoquery  --disablerepo='*' --enablerepo='koji' --whatrequires 'python(abi) == 3.6' --source) | pkgname | sort | uniq | diff -u rawhide -

When packages are fixed, check dependent packages. Rebuild those (they might get unblocked).

After the compose is built

The packages are in rawhide repos, yay! Mass rebuild will happen soon, bugs will be open automatically, your job is almost done here. Once the FTBFS bugs are opened, make the change tracking bug depend on them and mark any previously filled bugs as duplicates. You can bump the bugs in bulks (go to show dependency tree and change several).

Keep monitoring stuff. Also monitor devel mialing list for questions.

Rebuild everything in (the 3rd party repo that shall not be named), you can use mini-mass-rebuild with little tweaks. If you are a provenpackager in Fedora, you have the rights here as well, but if you never built anything in there, you need to ask. No nonfree stuff needed rebuilding during 3.7, only free (that might change in the future).

Before the beta freeze

Once the beta freeze is approaching, it's a good idea to ask FESCo to give permission to retire all remaining leaf packages with bugs in NEW. See the Mass retiring packages that still require Python 3.6 in Fedora 29 ticket for example. This removes cruft and it is apparently also the only way to scare some maintainers to fix their packages.

After the beta freeze

All remaining FTBFS bugs block upgrades to the new Fedora version. Request freeze exceptions for all of them.

Also, create pythonN-1 package

This needs a new package review request. Ask releng to unretire it. If you will create a nice git merge commit and a PR, note that releng will push a revert commit to the retired repo, so do it afterwards to save yourself doing it twice.

Ideas for Python 3.9

Inspiration from Perl

Perl has their own build dependency resolver tailored to Perl. It deals only with Perl build/run-time dependencies, all others are ignored.

Perl has a common bootstrap macro throughout the Perl ecosystem. It turns the build dependency graph into a tree, that can be easily built.

Applied to Python

We could use the FPC-blessed "bootstrap" bcond, but we would have to set it for every package we're building. However, if we have a Python-specific bootstrap macro (e.g. python_global_bootstrap), we can set it centrally (e.g. in the python3 package) and then every Python package that uses this macro will be built using a bootstrap mode, without us needing to change its specfile.