SIGs/bigdata/packaging/Scala

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== Building Scala ==
 
== Building Scala ==
  
The latest stable release of the Scala language is 2.10.  [https://lists.fedoraproject.org/pipermail/devel/2013-August/188149.html It isn't possible to build 2.9 on Fedora 19] or later.  Some interesting ecosystem projects (in particular, Spark) don't officially support 2.10, although 2.10 is mostly compatible with version 2.9.
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The latest stable release of the Scala language is 2.10.  [https://lists.fedoraproject.org/pipermail/devel/2013-August/188149.html It isn't possible to build 2.9 on Fedora 19] or later.  Some interesting ecosystem projects (in particular, Spark) don't officially support 2.10, although 2.10 is mostly source-compatible with version 2.9.
  
 
A revised Scala package for F19 and up is available [https://github.com/willb/scala-packaging from willb's github account] and [http://freevariable.com/scala SRPMs are also available].  As of 10 October, a Scala co-maintainer is taking a look at using these packages to get Scala in Fedora again.
 
A revised Scala package for F19 and up is available [https://github.com/willb/scala-packaging from willb's github account] and [http://freevariable.com/scala SRPMs are also available].  As of 10 October, a Scala co-maintainer is taking a look at using these packages to get Scala in Fedora again.

Revision as of 16:37, 10 October 2013

Contents

Scala and SBT

Overview

Scala combines a lot of excellent features (functional-style pattern matching, an expressive type system, closures, etc.) with JVM compatibility and a very interesting developer ecosystem. Fedora has included a package for Scala itself for some time (although the Fedora Scala package is currently broken). However, Fedora doesn't include any of the Scala ecosystem projects. The main obstacle to having Scala ecosystem projects in Fedora is that many projects use sbt, the Simple Build Tool, but there is no native Fedora sbt package. If sbt were available on Fedora, it would greatly facilitate packaging other Scala packages for Fedora. We are taking steps to make Scala and sbt available in Fedora; see here for more background.

Building Scala

The latest stable release of the Scala language is 2.10. It isn't possible to build 2.9 on Fedora 19 or later. Some interesting ecosystem projects (in particular, Spark) don't officially support 2.10, although 2.10 is mostly source-compatible with version 2.9.

A revised Scala package for F19 and up is available from willb's github account and SRPMs are also available. As of 10 October, a Scala co-maintainer is taking a look at using these packages to get Scala in Fedora again.

Challenges

We had to overcome several challenges in order to build Scala for Fedora:

  • The upstream build uses ant and relies on maven-ant-tasks in order to pull down dependencies. For a variety of reasons, maven-ant-tasks is a poor fit for Fedora, but patching ant build.xml files is tedious and brittle. In the future, it would be best to have a more automated approach to ant build patching (a la the functionality available to packagers via maven pom macros). Another possibility is to maintain a separate, leaner build file for Fedora. Gil Cattaneo developed such a script (currently missing documentation generation and some POM files); Will made a first pass at using it for packaging.
  • Scala depends on a forked version of JLine that is roughly API-compatible with JLine 2.5. In prior Fedora releases, it was possible to simply replace references to the Scala JLine with references to the system JLine. However, the Scala JLine API is incompatible with stock JLine 2.7 and up, so Scala requires a more involved patch in order to work with Fedora 19 and later.
  • A bug in the Scala optimizer interacts poorly with JLine (either version), so it is necessary to build Scala with optimizations turned off.
  • The test suite and scala-partest artifact have missing dependencies in Fedora; getting them to run locally (viz., outside of a build) required some pruning to remove spurious failures (e.g. here, here, and here). (In particular, the binary-compatibility test checked files compiled by an optimizing scalac against files compiled by our scalac; since we need the optimizer turned off, this exposed a problem like this one.)

Limitations

  • We'd like to have the test suite and scala-partest artifact in a build and run the former as part of %check.

Missing dependencies

These are immediate dependencies for the test suite (there may be other transitive dependencies):

Missing/Questionable Dependencies

Project State Review BZ Packager Notes
com.googlecode.java-diff-utils:diffutils Review 1013039 willb check out the packaging repo; the open issue is removing some cut-and-paste code reuse to comply with bundling policy
org.ops4j.pax.exam:pax-exam-container-native Available version 2.5.0
org.ops4j.pax.exam:pax-exam-junit4 Available version 2.5.0
org.ops4j.pax.exam:pax-exam-link-assembly Available version 2.5.0
org.ops4j.pax.url:pax-url-aether Available version 1.4.0; Gil has a pax-url spec
com.typesafe:mima-reporter_2.9.2 Available version 0.1.5 (needs Scala to build; used for binary-compatibility testing)

Building SBT

One of the big obstacles to building SBT is its reliance on Ivy repositories with metadata. We have both short-term and longer-term solutions to this problem: a patch to make sbt work with bare Ivy repositories, a tool to make a temporary Ivy repository from installed Fedora packages, and improved Fedora support for Ivy.