الثغرات الأمنية في فيدورا تُعرف عامة بأحد طريقين: تبليغ الناس عنها بفتح تذكرة في بَغزيلا الخاص بريدهات أوتبليغ فريق ريدهات لأمان المنتجات عن العِلل بناءً على تقارير الثغرات والتعرضات الشائعة CVEs التي يُعلن عنها. العِلل الأمنية تُبقى أحيانًا بعيدًا عن العامة بسبب حظر نشر ولكننا عامة لا نريد للعِلل الأمنية أن تبقى بعيدةً عن عيون العامة لوقت طويل، ونعمل بجد لتقصيرأوقات الحظر.
التبليغ عن ثغرة أمنية
إذا وجدت مشكلة أمنية (محتملة أو مؤكّدة) وترى الحاجة للتبليغ عنها فيما يتصل بحزمة بعينها، رجاءً اتبع التعليمات للتبليغ عن العلل وطلبات الخواص. المسائل الأمنية لها خطوة أو اثنتان إضافيتان كما هو مبين أدناه.
توفير معلومات مناسبة
When entering a security bug in Bugzilla, it is important to ensure the information is accurate and clear. If the issue discovered is triggered by a bad file, please be sure to attach the file to the bug report. A testcase that can be reproduced is best so the security team can verify the issues exists, and to verify that the fix is complete. Additionally, if you know which bits of code are incorrect and are triggering the issue, this information will help speed the time needed to research the issue.
التعليم على تذكرتك أنها تتعلق بالأمان
Once you have started your new ticket, but before you actually submit it, select Show Advanced Fields at the top of the page (just above Product). Now that all the possible fields are now shown scroll to the bottom and select Security Sensitive Bug (Check if this is a security related issue and should not be public). This does a couple of things including notifying Red Hat Product Security to the issue. With that setting selected you may now select Submit Bug. You'll be kept in the loop to any development of the issue you reported through this bug.
We are in support of the full public disclosure of security issues, but it should be done so in a responsible manner. This primarily applies to embargoed issues.
If you are unsure at any time during this process, email Red Hat Product Security at secalert AT redhat.com and you will get a timely response.
حل العِلل الأمنية
The Fedora Security Team's mission, in this case, is to help steer security bugs that affect Fedora towards a successful resolution. That means, if necessary, taking control of the process and making sure that patches get shipped.
العمل مع منبع الحزم
Some security bugs will come with patches that do not come from upstream. If this is the case we should make contact with upstream, opening bugs a needed upstream, and work with them to confirm the vulnerability and if the patch fixes the issue.
If the patch comes from upstream we should test the patch with the current package and verify it builds. If so, we should work with the packager to ship the patch, closing the tracker bug using Bodhi. If the fix comes from upstream as a new version then shipping that version should go through the same process, closing the tracker bug with Bodhi.
If the packager does not respond in a timely manner then involving FESCo should be a priority.
أسئلة متكررة حول العِلل الأمنية
Different types of security bugs
When Red Hat Product Security creates a CVE bug that affects Fedora a tracker bug should also be opened explicitly against the package where the vulnerability is found. There may be follow up on the tracker bug but if the package is only shipped in Fedora and/or EPEL and not RHEL there may not be any additional feedback from Red Hat.
CVEs are assigned one of four priorities depending on the severity and impact:
There may be times when someone within the community finds a potential security bug and submits a bug against the package. When this happens, and the bug is properly tagged as a security issue, Red Hat Product Security will likely follow up and evaluate the issue against current CVE criteria. Once this happens we'll likely see a process as explained with CVE bugs.
Embargoed Security Issues
An embargoed security issue is one which is not publicly known, and its existence is to be reported to responsible organizations. Often when a researcher discovers a security issue, they will contact an organization such as vendor sec or the project's upstream developers. If the issue is of great severity, it is wise to give the upstream project, various distribution vendors, and the researcher some time to produce patches and advisories for the issue. That means setting a date sometime in the future which all parties can agree upon.
When entering an embargoed issue in the Red Hat Bugzilla, please check the "Security Sensitive Bug" check-box to ensure that the information being entered is not publically viewable until the embargo date passes. These bugs will only be viewable by certain Red Hat employees, the reporter, and anyone in the CC field.
Security Issues Classification
So what counts a security issue in Fedora? Find answers in the Security Classifications page.
Security features available in Fedora is explained on Security Features page.
Fedora Security Response
The Fedora Security Response Team handles security issues within Fedora. Red Hat Product Security can be reached by mailing secalert AT redhat DOT com.
Endemic Security Risks
Due to the Fedora Project's use of resources not directly under our control, such as mirrors, Fedora and its users have exposure to additional endemic risks, and takes as many steps as possible mitigate these risks.
Fedora Security Advisories
Fedora Security Tracking Bugs
- To track security vulnerabilities in packages, tracking bugs are used.
List of Embedded Software
- We are maintaining a list of embedded software within various packages. This will help us to quickly identify if a problem in library X can be corrected with updating library X, or if it also requires updating other packages that may contain their own private copies of library X. The embedded software list is used for this purpose.
List of SUID / SGID executables
- We are maintaining a list of SUID / SGID bit equipped executables within various packages. This will help us to quickly identify privileged binaries. This list is preliminary planned to be prepared for Fedora release of 14 and it will be enhanced later to include list of privileged binaries in also in newer versions of Fedora. The list of SUID SGID executables is used for this purpose.