From Fedora Project Wiki
Line 25: Line 25:
 
* '''JDK''' Java Development Kit.  Required only for development, coding.
 
* '''JDK''' Java Development Kit.  Required only for development, coding.
 
* '''SDK''' Software Development Kit. idem JDK
 
* '''SDK''' Software Development Kit. idem JDK
 +
* '''JavaWS''' Java Web Start is a framework to start application from the Internet  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Java_Web_Start
 +
* '''JavaFX'''
 
* '''OpenJDK''' Open Source project behind the Java Platform http://openjdk.java.net/.  
 
* '''OpenJDK''' Open Source project behind the Java Platform http://openjdk.java.net/.  
 
* '''IcedTea''' is a support project for OpenJDK (concern only developers) http://icedtea.classpath.org/  
 
* '''IcedTea''' is a support project for OpenJDK (concern only developers) http://icedtea.classpath.org/  
 +
* '''IcedTea-Web''' is the Java Web Start package (It contains only JavaWS, No Applets anymore.) Install to run '''JNPL''' files.
 +
* '''Applets''' Obsolete techno. Not implemented in any recent package.
 
* '''JSE''', '''J2SE''', '''JEE''' ... obsolete acronyms for '''J'''ava '''S'''tandard & '''E'''nterprise '''E'''dition.  ''JavaSE'' is like ''JRE''.
 
* '''JSE''', '''J2SE''', '''JEE''' ... obsolete acronyms for '''J'''ava '''S'''tandard & '''E'''nterprise '''E'''dition.  ''JavaSE'' is like ''JRE''.
 
  
 
=== What is in Java OpenJDK package ===
 
=== What is in Java OpenJDK package ===

Revision as of 15:52, 4 October 2017

Proposed new Java page NOT finished yet!'. See this "discussion" for the rationale.

Java

Java is about:


What do you want to do:


JRE JDK JVM JSE ...

Some vocabulary, if you are lost:

  • JRE Java Runtime Environment. Required to run Java code and applications. Install Package-x-generic-16.pngjava-1.8.0-openjdk.
  • JVM Java Virtual Machine. Main component of the JRE.
  • JDK Java Development Kit. Required only for development, coding.
  • SDK Software Development Kit. idem JDK
  • JavaWS Java Web Start is a framework to start application from the Internet https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Java_Web_Start
  • JavaFX
  • OpenJDK Open Source project behind the Java Platform http://openjdk.java.net/.
  • IcedTea is a support project for OpenJDK (concern only developers) http://icedtea.classpath.org/
  • IcedTea-Web is the Java Web Start package (It contains only JavaWS, No Applets anymore.) Install to run JNPL files.
  • Applets Obsolete techno. Not implemented in any recent package.
  • JSE, J2SE, JEE ... obsolete acronyms for Java Standard & Enterprise Edition. JavaSE is like JRE.

What is in Java OpenJDK package

For most users, it is just another system library. It is not an application with a GUI, but it is required by some other applications to run. You might see a OpenJDK Policy tool desktop application that comes with the package, but you should not have to use it.

Multiple implementations

Fedora provides the Free Package-x-generic-16.pngjava-1.8.0-openjdk. If this Open Source stack does not fulfil your requirements. Alternatives can be installed alongside or separately.

The Java Community Process defines the specifications of the platform that many implements (IBM J9, Jikes, Zing, Zulu Dalvik ...). We will only focus on Oracle here.

Multiple implementations can be installed side-by-side without interfering:

  • The alternatives system allows to switch from one to another.
  • An application can directly reference a specific Java installation
  • Some applications include a java platform, it is then transparent for the user. (But the package is bigger.)

Oracle version

Some applications still ask for Oracle's implementation. It is mostly based on the OpenJDK Open Source project, but there is proprietary code and Fedora does not package non-free software.

Installing Oracle Java is fine. Just beware not to use Oracle RPM, as it will kill OpenJDK default packages!

Oracle provides a tarball: https://java.com/en/download/help/linux_x64_install.xml

We recommend to simply unpack the archives (tarball) to your home folder and set to path if necessary.

Switching alternatives

If you installed multiple Java implementations or version, you can configure your system to use one or another.

Developers: Beware that javac has its own independent alternative. i.e. to change the JDK, use alternatives ... javac!

Switching is done using the alternatives system (also used to change some other subsystems). Java's subsystem name is surprisingly java and typical commands include:

# alternatives --display java
# alternatives --config java

See alternative's own documentation for more information for usage and parts involved.

Should be noted that JRE implementations installed outside Fedora distribution, may not support alternatives and thus not be visible there. Then the symbolic links under directory /etc/alternatives must be manually fixed.

Java packages in Fedora

There are many aliases for OpenJDK package, see http://pkgs.fedoraproject.org/cgit/rpms/java-1.8.0-openjdk.git/tree/java-1.8.0-openjdk.spec or do

dnf repoquery --provides java-1.8.0-openjdk

.

You can use any of the following names:

  • java
  • java-1.8.0
  • java-1.8.0-openjdk
  • java-openjdk
  • jre
  • jre-1.8.0
  • jre-1.8.0-openjdk
  • jre-openjdk


dnf install java-1.8.0-openjdk

might be the most safe (until 1.8 is EOL.)

Communicate

You can subscribe to java-devel list or talk to us in #fedora-java Freenode IRC channel. Read Communicate page for more information.

See Also


References