systemd-notify — Notify init system about start-up completion and other daemon status changes
systemd-notify [OPTIONS...] [VARIABLE=VALUE...]
systemd-notify may be called by daemon scripts to notify the init system about status changes. It can be used to send arbitrary information, encoded in an environment-block-like list of strings. Most importantly it can be used for start-up completion notification.
This is mostly just a wrapper around sd_notify() and makes this functionality available to shell scripts. For details see sd_notify(3).
The command line may carry a list of environment variables to send as part of the status update.
Note that systemd will refuse reception of status updates from this command unless NotifyAccess=all is set for the service unit this command is called from.
The following options are understood:
Prints a short help text and exits.
Inform the init system about service start-up completion. This is equivalent to systemd-notify READY=1. For details about the semantics of this option see sd_notify(3).
Inform the init system about the main PID of the daemon. Takes a PID as argument. If the argument is omitted the PID of the process that invoked systemd-notify is used. This is equivalent to systemd-notify MAINPID=$PID. For details about the semantics of this option see sd_notify(3).
Send a free-form status string for the daemon to the init systemd. This option takes the status string as argument. This is equivalent to systemd-notify STATUS=.... For details about the semantics of this option see sd_notify(3).
Returns 0 if the system was booted up with systemd, non-zero otherwise. If this option is passed no message is sent. This option is hence unrelated to the other options. For details about the semantics of this option see sd_booted(3).
On success 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.
Example 1. Start-up Notification and Status Updates
A simple shell daemon that sends start-up notifications after having set up its communication channel. During runtime it sends further status updates to the init system:
#!/bin/bash mkfifo /tmp/waldo systemd-notify --ready --status="Waiting for data..." while : ; do read a < /tmp/waldo systemd-notify --status="Processing $a" # Do something with $a ... systemd-notify --status="Waiting for data..." done
systemd(1), systemctl(1), systemd.unit(5), sd_notify(3), sd_booted(3)