User Guide - Customizing the Desktop

From FedoraProject

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Updated to the _-_ scheme and fixed navigation links at the bottom.)
(final edits and proof)
 
(10 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
 
[[Category: User Guide]]
 
[[Category: User Guide]]
  
It is possible to customize the ''look and feel'' of your desktop in several ways.  All of the graphical elements of a desktop - window borders, buttons, scrolling sliders, and other control elements - can be adjusted, modified, or replaced.  A ''theme'' is a collection of such graphical elements, designed to give a common look and to fit together, and bundled for the desktop.
+
Fedora allows you to customize the "look and feel" of your desktop environment.  All of the settings that determine the appearance of your desktop are referred to collectively as a ''theme''.
  
 
== Changing the Theme ==
 
== Changing the Theme ==
  
Themes are a way to change your desktop to suit your personal preferences.
+
Most desktop environments, including GNOME and KDE, allow you to install new themes to tweak the appearance of the desktop.  The process for installing a theme varies for each desktop.  The process for installing themes under GNOME and KDE are found below, but most desktop environments include installation instructions in their own documentation.
  
 
=== GNOME ===
 
=== GNOME ===
The default theme is Fedora GNOME theme. Fedora 8 comes with many other themes that can be installed using '''Pirut'''.
 
  
 
To change the desktop theme, choose ''System > Preferences > Look and Feel > Appearance''. The ''Theme Preferences'' window appears:
 
To change the desktop theme, choose ''System > Preferences > Look and Feel > Appearance''. The ''Theme Preferences'' window appears:
 
[[Image:Docs_Drafts_DesktopUserGuide_Customizing_themes.png]]
 
  
 
To change the theme, select one from the list, the theme will be applied automatically.
 
To change the theme, select one from the list, the theme will be applied automatically.
  
Additional GNOME themes can be installed using '''Pirut''' and searching for <code>gnome-themes-extras</code> or from the command line
+
Fedora's repositories include many other themes that you can install. Additional GNOME themes can be installed from the '''gnome-themes-extra''' package, read [[User Guide - Managing Software|the chapter on managing software]].  You can install '''gnome-themes-extra''' by either [[User Guide - Managing Software#Installing Software|using the PackageKit application]] or on the command line by [[User Guide - Managing Software#Installing Software 2|using Yum]]. 
  
<pre>su -c 'yum install gnome-themes-extras'
+
When the '''gnome-themes-extra''' is installed on your computer, the themes can be selected by using the ''Appearance'' program described above.
</pre>
+
  
 
=== KDE ===
 
=== KDE ===
  
By default KDE uses Plastik as its theme, with many more available from http://www.kde-look.org/ .
+
By default KDE uses Plastik as its theme, with many more available from http://www.kde-look.org/.
  
To change the them, click ''KMenu > Applications > Control Center''. When the Control Center window appears expand the ''Appearence & Themes'' item and click '''[Theme Manager] '''.
+
To change the theme, click ''KMenu > Applications > Settings''. When the Control Center window appears expand the ''Appearance'' item and click '''[Style] '''.
 
+
[[Image:Docs_Drafts_DesktopUserGuide_Customizing_kdeControlCenter.png]]
+
  
 
To change the theme, select one from the list and click the '''[Apply] ''' button at the bottom of the window.
 
To change the theme, select one from the list and click the '''[Apply] ''' button at the bottom of the window.
  
Additional icons and themes can be downloaded for KDE by searching in '''Pirut''' for <code>kdeartwork-icons</code> and <code>kdeartwork</code> or
+
Additional icons and themes can be downloaded for KDE by installing the <code>kdeartwork-icons</code> and <code>kdeartwork</code> packages, read [[User Guide - Managing Software|the chapter on managing software]].  You can install <code>kdeartwork-icons</code> and <code>kdeartwork</code> by either [[User Guide - Managing Software#Installing Software|using the PackageKit application]] or on the command line by [[User Guide - Managing Software#Installing Software 2|using Yum]].
<pre>su -c 'yum install kdeartwork-icons kdeartwork
+
</pre>
+
  
 
== Changing the Background ==
 
== Changing the Background ==
  
== GNOME ==
+
=== GNOME ===
  
To change the background image on your desktop, right-click on an empty area of the desktop, and select the ''Change Desktop Background'' option. The ''Desktop Background Preferences'' window appears.  To change your desktop background, choose a new image form the list. You can add your own images by clicking ''Add Wallpaper''.
+
To change the background image on your desktop, right-click on an empty area of the desktop, and select the ''Change Desktop Background'' option. The ''Desktop Background Preferences'' window appears.  To change your desktop background, choose a new image form the list. You can add your own images by clicking the ''Add'' button.
  
To set a color or gradient, select ''No Wallpaper''. Then change the color under ''Desktop Colors''.
+
To set a color or gradient, select ''Vertical gradient'' and make your choice of ''Solid color, Horizontal gradient'', or ''Vertical gradient''. Then click the color bars next to the gradient window and select the colors you desire.
  
{{Admon/tip | Another way to change the desktop background is to choose ''System > Preferences > Desktop Background'' from the menu panel.}}
+
=== KDE ===
 
+
== KDE ==
+
  
To change the background in KDE, right click and empty area of the desktop, and select the ''Configure Desktop'' option. When the ''Configure KDesktop'' window appears, you can select a new background image from the drop down, or use your own by clicking the ''Open File'' icon next to the drop down.
+
To change the background in KDE, right click an empty area of the desktop, and select the ''Appearance'' option. When the ''Desktop Setting - Plasma Workspace'' window appears, you can select a new themes and wallpaper from the drop downs, or get new ones by clicking the ''New theme...'' or ''Get New Wallpapers...'' buttons.
  
{{Admon/tip | You can also change the desktop background by clicking ''KMenu > Applications > Control Center''. When the Control Center window appears expand the ''Appearence & Themes'' item and click ''Background''.}}
+
You can also change the desktop background by clicking ''KMenu > System Settings''. When the Control Center window appears expand the ''Appearance'' item and click ''Splash Screen'' and choose an image.
  
 
== Customizing File Browsing Behavior ==
 
== Customizing File Browsing Behavior ==
Line 76: Line 66:
 
== GDesklets ==
 
== GDesklets ==
  
Installing GDesklets in Fedora requires you to open '''Pirut''' which is located at ''Applications > Add/Remove Software'' then going to the ''Search'' tab and searching for '''gdesklets'''.
+
GDesklets are ''Calendar, Weather,'' and ''Quote of the day'' widgets. To install them go to ''Applications > Add/Remove Software'' then going to the ''Search'' tab and searching for '''gdesklets'''.
 
+
'''GDesklets''' is the program that needs to be installed and the other programs listed are the plugins.  You will need to install both '''GDesklets''' and the '''GDesklets-goodweather''' plugin. They can also be installed  by [[User Guide - Managing Software#Installing Software 2|using Yum]]
When searching for '''Gdesklets''' in '''Pirut''' you will come across a few packages:
+
<pre>gdesklets
+
gdesklets-calendar
+
gdesklets-goodweather
+
gdesklets-quote-of-the-day</pre>
+
 
+
'''GDesklets''' is the program that needs to be installed and the other programs listed are the plugins.  The example of setting up '''GDesklets''' will use the '''gdesklets-goodweather''' plugin.  With that in mind you will need to install both '''GDesklets''' and the '''GDesklets-goodweather''' plugin.
+
 
+
You can install using the following command in the terminal.
+
 
+
<code>su -c 'yum install gdesklets-calendar gdesklets'</code>
+
 
+
<!-- [[Image:Docs_Drafts_DesktopUserGuide_Customizing_gdesklets.png]] -->
+
  
When the software is installed you can access '''GDesklets''' by going to ''Applications > Accessories > Gdesklets''. This will load up a program with all available plugins.  Select the ''uncategorized'' category and double-click ''GoodWeather Display''.
+
When the software is installed you can access '''GDesklets''' by going to ''Applications > Accessories > Gdesklets''. This will load up a program with all available plugins.  Select the ''uncategorized'' category and double-click ''GoodWeather Display''.
  
 
After a few moments the the desklet will appear on the desktop and allow you to move it to a preferred location on the desktop.
 
After a few moments the the desklet will appear on the desktop and allow you to move it to a preferred location on the desktop.
Line 102: Line 79:
 
To use that information, extract the ''location code: ASXX0089'' and enter it into the weather '''desklet''' and select '''[Close] ''' button.  The weather information will be available after the next update interval.
 
To use that information, extract the ''location code: ASXX0089'' and enter it into the weather '''desklet''' and select '''[Close] ''' button.  The weather information will be available after the next update interval.
  
[[Image:Docs_Drafts_DesktopUserGuide_Customizing_gdesklets-weather.png]]
+
To get additional plugins please visit [http://gdesklets.de/ http://gdesklets.de/]
  
{{Admon/note | To get additional plugins rather than only three please visit [http://gdesklets.de/ http://gdesklets.de/]}}
 
  
 
{|
 
{|

Latest revision as of 17:49, 21 March 2009


Fedora allows you to customize the "look and feel" of your desktop environment. All of the settings that determine the appearance of your desktop are referred to collectively as a theme.

Contents

[edit] Changing the Theme

Most desktop environments, including GNOME and KDE, allow you to install new themes to tweak the appearance of the desktop. The process for installing a theme varies for each desktop. The process for installing themes under GNOME and KDE are found below, but most desktop environments include installation instructions in their own documentation.

[edit] GNOME

To change the desktop theme, choose System > Preferences > Look and Feel > Appearance. The Theme Preferences window appears:

To change the theme, select one from the list, the theme will be applied automatically.

Fedora's repositories include many other themes that you can install. Additional GNOME themes can be installed from the gnome-themes-extra package, read the chapter on managing software. You can install gnome-themes-extra by either using the PackageKit application or on the command line by using Yum.

When the gnome-themes-extra is installed on your computer, the themes can be selected by using the Appearance program described above.

[edit] KDE

By default KDE uses Plastik as its theme, with many more available from http://www.kde-look.org/.

To change the theme, click KMenu > Applications > Settings. When the Control Center window appears expand the Appearance item and click [Style] .

To change the theme, select one from the list and click the [Apply] button at the bottom of the window.

Additional icons and themes can be downloaded for KDE by installing the kdeartwork-icons and kdeartwork packages, read the chapter on managing software. You can install kdeartwork-icons and kdeartwork by either using the PackageKit application or on the command line by using Yum.

[edit] Changing the Background

[edit] GNOME

To change the background image on your desktop, right-click on an empty area of the desktop, and select the Change Desktop Background option. The Desktop Background Preferences window appears. To change your desktop background, choose a new image form the list. You can add your own images by clicking the Add button.

To set a color or gradient, select Vertical gradient and make your choice of Solid color, Horizontal gradient, or Vertical gradient. Then click the color bars next to the gradient window and select the colors you desire.

[edit] KDE

To change the background in KDE, right click an empty area of the desktop, and select the Appearance option. When the Desktop Setting - Plasma Workspace window appears, you can select a new themes and wallpaper from the drop downs, or get new ones by clicking the New theme... or Get New Wallpapers... buttons.

You can also change the desktop background by clicking KMenu > System Settings. When the Control Center window appears expand the Appearance item and click Splash Screen and choose an image.

[edit] Customizing File Browsing Behavior

By default, Fedora uses the Nautilus file manager, which opens a new window each time you open a folder. You can change this behavior to use one window with [Forward] and [Back] buttons.

To change this, double-click on Computer on the desktop, click Edit and then Preferences. You can also select Places > Computer > Edit > Preferences from the menu panel. Click the Behavior tab and click on the box next to the text Always open in browser windows.

To install a program that modifies several aspects of using Nautilus. Install Gtweakui which enables you to modify your GNOME desktop quickly and painlessly.

Applications > Add/Remove Software then searching for gtweakui will provide the program to install. The program's location can be found under System > Preferences

[edit] Compiz-Fusion

The Compiz Fusion Project brings 3D desktop visual effects that improve usability of the X Window System and provide increased productivity though plugins and themes contributed by the community giving a rich desktop experience.

Idea.png
There may be problems with running Compiz Fusion if you do not have a 3D capable video card

The Fedora Project does not enable Compiz Fusion by default and it therefore will need to be installed.

To install Compiz Fusion you will need to load Pirut by going to the Applications > Add/Remove Software, click on the Search tab and type compiz-gnome or compiz-kde depending on which desktop you have.

When Compiz Fusion has been installed you can launch the program by selecting System > Preferences > Look and Feel > Desktop Effects

[edit] GDesklets

GDesklets are Calendar, Weather, and Quote of the day widgets. To install them go to Applications > Add/Remove Software then going to the Search tab and searching for gdesklets. GDesklets is the program that needs to be installed and the other programs listed are the plugins. You will need to install both GDesklets and the GDesklets-goodweather plugin. They can also be installed by using Yum

When the software is installed you can access GDesklets by going to Applications > Accessories > Gdesklets. This will load up a program with all available plugins. Select the uncategorized category and double-click GoodWeather Display.

After a few moments the the desklet will appear on the desktop and allow you to move it to a preferred location on the desktop.

Note.png
Where you initially place it is not important. The desklet can be moved at any time by right-clicking on the desklet and choosing move desklet

To configure the the weather gdesklet, right-click and select configure desklet. A dialog will appear with general settings. Modifying the location can be done by going to http://www.weather.com/ . At the very top of the weather.com website is a search box for local weather information. Type in the location. After searching the code for the location will be found in the url. For example, Perth, Australia weather is the following link: http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/local/ASXX0089?from=search_city .

To use that information, extract the location code: ASXX0089 and enter it into the weather desklet and select [Close] button. The weather information will be available after the next update interval.

To get additional plugins please visit http://gdesklets.de/


Previous Page - Sharing Your Desktop Table of Contents Next Page - Managing Software