From Fedora Project Wiki

(→‎Building with make targets: Add an example of using "make build TARGET=dist-f11-python" in the main section)
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Note that all build requests need to be done against tagged trees (run <code>make tag</code> first).
Note that all build requests need to be done against tagged trees (run <code>make tag</code> first).
It is also possible to specified a special build target in the form:
It is also possible to target a specific koji tag as follows:
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<archs> can be a comma separated list of severals architectures.
<archs> can be a comma separated list of severals architectures.
finally is possible to combine the scratch-build command with a specified special build target in the form:
finally is possible to combine the scratch-build command with a specific koji tag in the form:

Revision as of 04:06, 1 December 2008

Using Koji in Fedora

The Koji Build System is Fedora's buildsystem for Fedora 7 and beyond. Packagers use the koji client to request package builds and get information about the buildsystem.

Installing Koji

Installing the Koji CLI

Everything you need to use Koji (and be a Fedora contributor) can be installed in a single step:

yum install fedora-packager

fedora-packager provides useful scripts to help maintain and setup your koji environment. Additionally, it includes dependencies on the Koji CLI, so it will be installed when you install fedora-packager. The command is called koji and is included in the main koji package. By default the koji tool authenticates to the central server using Kerberos. However SSL and username/password authentications are available. You will need to have a valid authentication token to use many features. However, many of the read-only commands will work without authentication.

Initial Fedora Setup

In order to interface with the koji server, maintainers will need to run


Each user on a system will need to run fedora-packager-setup if they wish to use Koji to build Fedora packages. Each user has their own certificates that authenticate them.

Plague users rejoice!
For existing users of plague (the old build system that preceded Koji), fedora-packager-setup will use your existing certificates. If you did not have plague before, it will get the server CA certs and tell you where to get your user cert.
Fedora Certificates

Koji uses three certificates:

~/.fedora.cert (specific to the Fedora Maintainer) 
This cert is generated from this form in FAS. It should have been generated when you became maintainer. You may need to refresh it when it expires.
~/.fedora-upload-ca.cert (The certificate for the Certificate Authority used to sign the user keys.) 
It can be manually downloaded from here or fedora-packager-setup should fetch it.
~/.fedora-server-ca.cert (The certificate for the Certificate Authority used to sign the build system's server keys.) 
It can be downloaded manually from here or fedora-packager-setup should fetch it.
Koji Config

The global local client configuration file for koji is /etc/koji.conf. You should not need to change this from the defaults for building Fedora packages, as running fedora-packager-setup will create a set of configuration files in ~/.koji/ file for your user these will allow you to use the primary build system as well as secondary arch build systems.

The web interface

The primary interface for viewing Koji data is a web application. It is available at . Most of the interface is read-only, but if you are logged in (see below) and have sufficient privileges there are some actions that can be performed though the web. For example:

  • Cancel a build
  • Resubmit a failed task
  • Setup a notification

Those with admin privileges will find additional actions, such as:

  • Create/Edit/Delete a tag
  • Create/Edit/Delete a target
  • Enable/Disable a build host

The web site utilizes SSL authentication. In order to log in you will need a valid SSL certificate and your web browser will need to be configured to trust the SSL cert. Instructions on how to do this are printed when running


With Koji you can setup a notification requests, to make sure you do not miss when a package you care about gets built. Login and scroll to the bottom of the page, there you should find a Add a notification link and a list of your configured notifications.

Building with make targets

For simple build requests, there is an alias in Makefile.common to request koji builds. This enables Fedora packagers to simply cd into the appropriate branch of a package (from a cvs checkout), and run:

make build

This will trigger a build request for the branch. Easy!

Note that all build requests need to be done against tagged trees (run make tag first).

It is also possible to target a specific koji tag as follows:

make build TARGET='<target>'

for example, if building on rawhide against a special tag created by rel-eng for updating API for many packages, e.g. dist-f11-python you would use the following:

make build TARGET='dist-f11-python'

Scratch Builds

You can do a scratch build with:

make scratch-build

if you want to do a scratch build for a specific architecture, you can type:

make scratch-build-<archs>

<archs> can be a comma separated list of severals architectures.

finally is possible to combine the scratch-build command with a specific koji tag in the form:

make scratch-build TARGET='<target>'

Chained builds

Sometimes you want to make sure than one build succeeded before launching the next one, for example when you want to rebuild a package against a just rebuilt dependency. In that case you can use a chain build with:

make chain-build CHAIN='libwidget libgizmo'

The current package is added to the end of the CHAIN list. Colons (:) can be used in the CHAIN parameter to define groups of packages. Packages in any single group will be built in parallel and all packages in a group must build successfully and populate the repository before the next group will begin building. For example:

make chain-build CHAIN='libwidget libaselib : libgizmo :'

will cause libwidget and libaselib to be built in parallel, followed by libgizmo and then the currect directory package. If no groups are defined, packages will be built sequentially.

If a build fail, following builds are canceled but the builds that already succeeded are pushed to the repository.

Build Failures

If your package fails to build, you will see something like this:

420066 buildArch kernel-2.6.18-1.2739.10.9.el5.jjf.215394.2.src.rpm,
ia64): open ( -> FAILED: BuildrootError:
error building package (arch ia64), mock exited with status 10

You can figure out why the build failed by looking at the log files. If there is a build.log, start there. Otherwise, look at init.log.

Logs can be found via the web interface in the Task pages for the failed task. Alternatively the koji client can be used to view the logs via the watch-logs command. See the help output for more details.

Advanced use of Koji

We've tried to make Koji self-documenting wherever possible. The command line tool will print a list of valid commands and each command supports --help. For example:

$ koji help

Koji commands are:
build                Build a package from source
cancel-task          Cancel a task
help                 List available commands
latest-build         Print the latest rpms for a tag
latest-pkg           Print the latest builds for a tag
$ koji build --help

usage: koji build [options]  tag URL
(Specify the --help global option for a list of other help options)

-h, --help            show this help message and exit
--skip-tag            Do not attempt to tag package
--scratch             Perform a scratch build
--nowait              Don't wait on build

Using Koji to control tasks

List tasks:

koji list-tasks

List only tasks requested by you:

koji list-tasks --mine

requeue an already-processed task: general syntax is: koji resubmit [options] taskID

koji resubmit 3

Building a Package with the command-line tool

Instead of using the make target, you can also directly use the command_line tool, koji. To build a package, the syntax is:

$ koji build <build target> <cvs URL>

For example:

Replace dist-f8 with the tag you wish to build against, e.g., dist-f9 or dist-f10
$ koji build dist-f8 'cvs://'

The koji build command creates a build task in Koji. By default the tool will wait and print status updates until the build completes. You can override this with the --nowait option. This can also be used with the make command by setting an ENV variable:

KOJI_FLAGS="--nowait" make build
Scratch builds

Sometime it is useful to be able to build a package against the buildroot but without actually including it in the release. This is called a scratch build. To create a scratch of latest CVS commit:

Replace dist-f8 with the tag you wish to build against, e.g., dist-f9 or dist-f10.
koji build --scratch dist-f8 'cvs://'

You can also scratch build source rpms.

koji build --scratch dist-f8 mycoolpackage-3.2-1.src.rpm

Warning: Scratch builds will not work correctly if your .spec file does something different depending on the value of %fedora, %fc9, and so on. Macro values like these are set by the builder, not by koji, so the value of %fedora will be for whatever created the source RPM, and not what it's being built on. Non-scratch builds get around this by first re-building the source RPM.

Build Options

There are a few options to the build command. Here are some more detailed explanations of them:

Normally the package is tagged after the build completes.
This option causes the tagging step to be skipped.
The package will be in the system, but untagged
(you can later tag it with the tag-pkg command)
This makes the build into a scratch build.
The build will not be imported into the db, it will just be built.
The rpms will land under <topdir>/scratch.
Scratch builds are not tracked and can never be tagged, but can be convenient for testing.
Scratch builds are typically removed from the filesystem after one week.
As stated above, this prevents the cli from waiting on the build task.
This option allows you to override the base set of arches to build for.
This option is really only for testing during the beta period, but it may be retained for scratch builds in the future.

Koji tags and packages organization


In Koji, it is sometimes necessary to distinguish between the a package in general, a specific build of a package, and the various rpm files created by a build. When precision is needed, these terms should be interpreted as follows:

  • Package: The name of a source rpm. This refers to the package in general and not any particular build or subpackage. For example: kernel, glibc, etc.
  • Build: A particular build of a package. This refers to the entire build: all arches and subpackages. For example: kernel-2.6.9-34.EL, glibc-2.3.4-2.19.
  • RPM: A particular rpm. A specific arch and subpackage of a build. For example: kernel-2.6.9-34.EL.x86_64, kernel-devel-2.6.9-34.EL.s390, glibc-2.3.4-2.19.i686, glibc-common-2.3.4-2.19.ia64

Tags and targets

Koji organizes packages using tags. In Koji a tag is roughly a collection of packages:

  • Tags support inheritance
  • Each tag has its own list of valid packages (inheritable)
  • Package ownership can be set per-tag (inheritable)
  • When you build you specify a target rather than a tag

A build target specifies where a package should be built and how it should be tagged afterwards. This allows target names to remain fixed as tags change through releases.

Koji commands for tags


You can get a full list of build targets with the following command:

$ koji list-targets

You can see just a single target with the --name option:

$ koji list-targets --name dist-fc7

Name                           Buildroot                      Destination
dist-fc7                       dist-fc7-build                 dist-fc7

This tells you a build for target dist-fc7 will use a buildroot with packages from the tag dist-fc7-build and tag the resulting packages as dist-fc7.

Watch out: You probably don't want to build against dist-rawhide. If Fedora N is the latest one out, to build to the next one, choose dist-f{N+1}.


You can get a list of tags with the following command:

$ koji list-tags

As mentioned above, each tag has its own list of packages that may be placed in the tag. To see that list for a tag, use the list-pkgs command:

$ koji list-pkgs --tag dist-fc7

Package                 Tag                     Extra Arches     Owner
----------------------- ----------------------- ---------------- ----------------
ElectricFence           dist-fc6                                 pmachata
GConf2                  dist-fc6                                 rstrode
lucene                  dist-fc6                                 dbhole
lvm2                    dist-fc6                                 lvm-team
ImageMagick             dist-fc6                                 nmurray
m17n-db                 dist-fc6                                 majain
m17n-lib                dist-fc6                                 majain
MAKEDEV                 dist-fc6                                 clumens

The first column is the name of the package, the second tells you which tag the package entry has been inherited from, and the third tells you the owner of the package.

Latest Builds

To see the latest builds for a tag, use the latest-pkg command:

$ koji latest-pkg --all dist-fc7

Build                                     Tag                   Built by
----------------------------------------  --------------------  ----------------
ConsoleKit-0.1.0-5.fc7                    dist-fc7              davidz
ElectricFence-2.2.2-20.2.2                dist-fc6              jkeating
GConf2-2.16.0-6.fc7                       dist-fc7              mclasen
ImageMagick-               dist-fc6-updates      nmurray
MAKEDEV-3.23-1.2                          dist-fc6              nalin
MySQL-python-1.2.1_p2-2                   dist-fc7              katzj
NetworkManager-0.6.5-0.3.cvs20061025.fc7  dist-fc7              caillon
ORBit2-2.14.6-1.fc7                       dist-fc7              mclasen

The output gives you not only the latest builds, but which tag they have been inherited from and who built them.