Update the Python stack in Fedora from Python 3.9 to Python 3.10, the newest major release of the Python programming language.
- Name: Tomáš Hrnčiar
- Name: Miro Hrončok
- Email: email@example.com
- Release notes owner:
- Targeted release: Fedora 35
- Last updated: 2021-09-30
- FESCo issue: #2494
- Tracker bug: #1890881
- Release notes tracker: #603
We would like to upgrade Python to 3.10 in Fedora 35 thus we are proposing this plan early.
See the upstream notes at Features for 3.10 and What's new in 3.10.
Important dates and plan
- 2020-05-18: Python 3.10 development begins
- 2020-10-05: Python 3.10.0 alpha 1
- Package it as
python3.10for testing purposes
- Start the bootstrap procedure in Copr
- Do a mass rebuild against every future release in Copr
- Package it as
- 2020-11-02: Python 3.10.0 alpha 2
- 2020-12-07: Python 3.10.0 alpha 3
- 2021-01-04: Python 3.10.0 alpha 4
- 2021-02-01: Python 3.10.0 alpha 5
- 2021-02-09: Branch Fedora 34, Rawhide becomes future Fedora 35
- The earliest point when we can start rebuilding in Koji side-tag
- 2021-03-01: Python 3.10.0 alpha 6
- 2021-04-05: Python 3.10.0 alpha 7
- 2021-05-03: Python 3.10.0 beta 1
- No new features beyond this point
- 2021-05-25: Python 3.10.0 beta 2
- The ideal point when we can start rebuilding in Koji
- 2021-05-31: Expected side tag-merge (optimistic)
- 2021-06-17: Python 3.10.0 beta 3
- 2021-06-25: Expected side tag-merge (realistic)
- 2021-07-10: Python 3.10.0 beta 4
- 2021-07-17: Expected side tag-merge (pessimistic)
- 2021-07-21: Fedora 35 Mass Rebuild
- The mass rebuild happens with fourth beta. We might need to rebuild Python packages later in exceptional case.
- If the Koji side-tag is not merged yet at this point, we defer the change to Fedora 36.
- 2021-08-02: Python 3.10.0 candidate 1
- This serves as "final" for our purposes.
- 2021-08-10: Branch Fedora 35, Rawhide becomes future Fedora 36
- 2021-08-10: Fedora 33 Change Checkpoint: Completion deadline (testable)
- 2021-08-24: Fedora Beta Freeze
- If rebuild with 3.10.0rc1 is needed, we should strive to do it before the freeze - there is a window of 3 weeks.
- 2021-09-06: Python 3.10.0 candidate 2
- 2021-09-19: Fedora 35 Beta Release (Preferred Target)
- Beta will likely be released with 3.10.0rc2.
- 2021-09-21: Fedora 35 Beta Target date #1
- 2021-10-04: Python 3.10.0 final
- 2021-10-05: Fedora 35 Final Freeze
- We'll update to 3.10.0 final using a freeze exception.
- 2021-10-19: Fedora 35 Preferred Final Target date
- 2021-10-26: Fedora 35 Final Target date #1
(From Python 3.10 Release Schedule and Fedora 35 Release Schedule.)
The schedule might appear somewhat tight for Fedora 35, but Python's annual release cycle was adapted for Fedora and this worked fine for Python 3.9 and Fedora 33. It is now common that Python is upgraded on a similar schedule in every odd-numbered Fedora release.
Note that upstream's "release candidates" are frozen except for blocker bugs. Since we can and will backport blocker fixes between Fedora and upstream, we essentially treat the Release Candidate as the final release.
Notes from the previous upgrade
There are notes from the previous upgrade available, so this upgrade may go smoother: SIGs/Python/UpgradingPython
Benefit to Fedora
Fedora aims to showcase the latest in free and open source software - we should have the most recent release of Python 3. Packages in Fedora can use the new features from 3.10.
There's also a benefit to the larger Python ecosystem: by building Fedora's packages against 3.10 while it's still in development, we can catch critical bugs before the final 3.10.0 release.
We will coordinate the work in a side tag and merge when ready.
- Proposal owners:
python3.10for all Fedoras
- Prepare stuff in Copr as explained in description.
python3.10as the main Python
- Mass rebuild all the packages that runtime require
python(abi) = 3.9and/or
libpython3.9.so.1.0(~3400 known packages in October 2020)
python3.9as a non-main Python
- Other developers: Maintainers of packages that fail to rebuild during the rebuilds will be asked, using e-mail and bugzilla, to fix or remove their packages from the distribution. If any issues appear, they should be solvable either by communicating with the respective upstreams first and/or applying downstream patches. Also the package maintainers should have a look at: Porting to Python 3.10. The python-maint team will be available to help with fixing issues.
- Release engineering: #9810 A targeted rebuild for all python packages will be required, before the mass rebuild.
- List of deliverables: nope
- Policies and guidelines: nope
- Trademark approval: nope
All the packages that depend on Python 3 must be rebuilt. User written Python 3 scripts/applications may require a small amount of porting, but mostly Python 3.9 is forward compatible with Python 3.10.
How To Test
Interested testers do not need special hardware. If you have a favorite Python 3 script, module, or application, please test it with Python 3.10 and verify that it still works as you would expect. If the application you are testing does not require any other modules, you can test it using
python3.10 even before this change is implemented, in Fedora 32, 33 or 34.
In case your application requires other modules, or if you are testing an rpm package, it is necessary to install the 3.10 version of the python3 rpm. Right now that rpm is available in copr, along with all other python packages that build successfully with python 3.10. See https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/g/python/python3.10/ for detailed instructions how to enable Python 3.10 copr for mock.
Once the change is in place, test if you favorite Python apps are working as they were before. File bugs if they don't.
Regular distro users shouldn't notice any change in system behavior other than the Python 3 interpreter will be in version 3.10.
4000+ packages depend on Python 3 and ~3400 packages need rebuilding when Python is upgraded. See scope section.
Some Python version globs in the spec files, such as
?.?, need to be updated, see:
- Mass spec change: Replace Python version globs with macros to support 3.10
- Mass spec change: Replace Python 3 version globs (3.?) with macros to support 3.10
- Contingency mechanism: Do not merge the side tag with rawhide. If the side tag has been merged and issues arise, that will justify a downgrade, then use an epoch tag to revert to 3.9 version (never needed before)
- Contingency deadline: TBD
- Blocks release? Yes, we'd like to block Fedora 35 release on at least 3.10.0rc1
- Blocks product? See above
- Migrating user installed packages - https://pagure.io/fedora-docs/release-notes/issue/503