Features/SystemtapMoreStaticProbes

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(Copy of Features/SystemtapStaticProbes as template for new f14 feature page)
 
(Remove content that refers to stuff implemented for f13 already)
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== Current status ==
 
== Current status ==
* Targeted release: [[Releases/13 | Fedora 13]]  
+
* Targeted release: [[Releases/14 | Fedora 14]]  
* Last updated: 11 Feb 2009
+
* Last updated: 22 Feb 2009
* Percentage of completion: 75%, in a testable state for java, python and postresql, needs work for other targets (could reduce scope to just those ready).
+
* Percentage of completion: 10%, work based on F13 feature.
* systemtap-sdt-devel 1.1 is now available.
+
* java (since 1:1.6.0-21.b16 and since 34.b17 also jni and jstack support), postgresql (since 8.3.6-4) and python (2.6.4-19) have had static probes enabled.
+
* Tracking bug: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=546295
+
 
* See under scope for individual package status.
 
* See under scope for individual package status.
  
 
=== TODO ===
 
=== TODO ===
 
* Some experiments showed some greater than expected impact on performance in the dormant case. So for each package identified we need to do some benchmarking to make sure there is zero overhead in to normal case. (Add any relevants benchmarks to the scopes section under the relevant package please).
 
* Some experiments showed some greater than expected impact on performance in the dormant case. So for each package identified we need to do some benchmarking to make sure there is zero overhead in to normal case. (Add any relevants benchmarks to the scopes section under the relevant package please).
 
* elfutils cfi reading bugs https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=563528 - Fixed upstream
 
* semantic error: No cfa_ops supplied, but needed by DW_OP_call_frame_cfa https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=556944 - Fixed upstream
 
 
=== DONE ===
 
* Identified deficiencies upstream:
 
  * [[http://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=10013 PR10013]] support ENABLED sdt probe macro - Fixed in 1.1
 
  * [[http://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=10601 PR10601]] user-space deref/registers in loc2c (i386 mainly, but could affect x86_64 and other arches also) - Fixed in 1.1
 
  
 
== Detailed Description ==
 
== Detailed Description ==
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* Work with upstream to identify any issues with the new capabilities while we activate probes in packages.
 
* Work with upstream to identify any issues with the new capabilities while we activate probes in packages.
* Package new version of Systemtap (including new subpackage systemtap-sdt-devel).
 
 
* Identify packages that already include static user probes (see below)
 
* Identify packages that already include static user probes (see below)
 
* Work with package maintainer to enable them in the Fedora build spec file.
 
* Work with package maintainer to enable them in the Fedora build spec file.
Line 53: Line 41:
 
Currently identified packages:
 
Currently identified packages:
  
=== postgresql ===
+
See also the F13 feature for java, python. tcl and postgresql work that could be expanded.
Tracking bug: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=488941
+
Already able to build something that works with current rpm.
+
Documentation: [http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.2/interactive/dynamic-trace.html upstream docs]
+
Example: [http://gnu.wildebeest.org/diary/2009/02/24/systemtap-09-markers-everywhere/ example trace]
+
Screencast: [http://people.redhat.com/wcohen/postgresql_example.ogv video presentation]
+
  
 
=== xorg-x11-server ===
 
=== xorg-x11-server ===
 
* Need tweaks to systemtap to gen proper header from .d file (should be fixed with systemtap 1.1 package).
 
* Need tweaks to systemtap to gen proper header from .d file (should be fixed with systemtap 1.1 package).
 
* Add patch from [http://people.freedesktop.org/~alanc/dtrace/ upstream docs]
 
* Add patch from [http://people.freedesktop.org/~alanc/dtrace/ upstream docs]
 
=== java-1.6.0-openjdk ===
 
Tracking bug: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=498109
 
* [http://java.sun.com/javase/6/docs/technotes/guides/vm/dtrace.html upstream docs]
 
* Static probes ready, plus hotspot tapset, jni tapset and java backtraces all done..
 
 
=== tcl ===
 
Tracking bug: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=489017
 
* tcl-8.4.16+: Has a single generic/tclDTrace.d file.
 
* [http://wiki.tcl.tk/19923 upstream docs]
 
* Needs implementation of probe_ENABLED(), which has been implemented. http://sourceware.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=10013
 
  
 
=== Firefox ===
 
=== Firefox ===
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=== Perl ===
 
=== Perl ===
 
perl-5.10.0: implemented as an out-of-tree patch to the core ([http://search.cpan.org/~dapm/perl-5.10.1/pod/perl5101delta.pod#DTrace_support 5.10.1] has some, see [http://search.cpan.org/~dapm/perl-5.10.1/INSTALL#DTrace_support INSTALL])
 
perl-5.10.0: implemented as an out-of-tree patch to the core ([http://search.cpan.org/~dapm/perl-5.10.1/pod/perl5101delta.pod#DTrace_support 5.10.1] has some, see [http://search.cpan.org/~dapm/perl-5.10.1/INSTALL#DTrace_support INSTALL])
 
=== Python ===
 
We're tracking our Python work in our downstream bugzilla as [https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=545179 bug 545179].
 
 
* '''DONE''': Our Python 2 and Python 3 builds contain: (from [http://koji.fedoraproject.org/koji/buildinfo?buildID=155535 python-2.6.4-19.fc13] and [http://koji.fedoraproject.org/koji/buildinfo?buildID=155875 python3-3.1.1-25.fc13] onwards)
 
** a tapset providing these probepoints:
 
*** <code>python.function.entry</code>
 
*** <code>python.function.return</code>
 
** built with systemtap patches that add the static markers that implement the above to the libpython2.6 and libpython3.1 shared libraries
 
** contains an example of usage added to docs in the python-libs and python3-libs subpackages, logging all Python function calls/return hierarchically across the whole system or for one process
 
** dmalcolm has tested the example script on a rawhide box and verified that it works on i686 for both Python runtimes.
 
** dmalcolm has done initial testing of [https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=545179#c14 the performance of the python 2 patch] using [http://code.google.com/p/unladen-swallow/wiki/Benchmarks the Unladen Swallow benchmark suite], initial indications suggest the patch we're using imposes negligible performance cost for the case when the probe points are compiled in but aren't in active use
 
* '''TODO''':
 
** Double-check generated machine code
 
** Test with and without probes, on both architectures, with both python 2 and python 3, and with multilib installs on 64-bit
 
** More documentation
 
** Send this work upstream (we have taken an out-of-tree patch to the core adding DTrace static markers ([http://bugs.python.org/issue4111 upstream RFE 4111]), reworked the patch to enable it to work with SystemTap, fixed a performance issue, added a tapset to make the markers easy to use, and written an example script that uses the resulting probe points, and ported the patch to python 3).
 
** Address error handling within the Python 3 probe.
 
** Ideas for additional probe points:
 
*** function calls/returns (this is what the dtrace probe has)
 
*** GIL events: instrument the raw function to claim/release of the lock, then capture the times at which it happens, then render stats
 
*** threads starting/stopping
 
*** bytecode execution metrics: e.g. trace individual bytecodes; how often does LOAD_GLOBAL get invoked
 
*** exceptions being thrown
 
*** exceptions being handled (e.g. for tracking down exactly where code is "swallowing" an error)
 
*** unhandled exceptions
 
*** arenas being claimed/freed
 
*** dictionaries switching to inefficient form: http://lewk.org/blog/python-dictionary-optimizations
 
*** _warnings.c: do_warn()  (e.g. whole-system python3 warnings for all python 2 running on your system)
 
*** py-level backtraces
 
 
 
See also Mark's blog post about [http://gnu.wildebeest.org/diary/2009/12/07/fudcon-success-systemtap-meets-python our initial work on Python/SystemTap at FUDCon Toronto]
 
  
 
=== PHP ===
 
=== PHP ===
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<!-- What other packages (RPMs) depend on this package?  Are there changes outside the developers' control on which completion of this feature depends?  In other words, completion of another feature owned by someone else and might cause you to not be able to finish on time or that you would need to coordinate?  Other upstream projects like the kernel (if this is not a kernel feature)? -->
 
<!-- What other packages (RPMs) depend on this package?  Are there changes outside the developers' control on which completion of this feature depends?  In other words, completion of another feature owned by someone else and might cause you to not be able to finish on time or that you would need to coordinate?  Other upstream projects like the kernel (if this is not a kernel feature)? -->
  
* A new version of systemtap with the systemtap-sdt-devel subpackage.
+
* Might need some coordination with gcc (for debug info output) and elfutils (for grokking the debuginfo output). But this is mostly done upstream already.
 
* Any package wishing to expose existing probes in its (upstream) sources depending on systemtap-sdt-devel and adding an --enable-dtrace or equivalent to its spec file.
 
* Any package wishing to expose existing probes in its (upstream) sources depending on systemtap-sdt-devel and adding an --enable-dtrace or equivalent to its spec file.
  
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While working on this feature this section will be expanded to list packages that have probe points enabled and pointers to (upstream) package documentation on the probe names and semantics like for postgresql http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.2/static/dynamic-trace.html
 
While working on this feature this section will be expanded to list packages that have probe points enabled and pointers to (upstream) package documentation on the probe names and semantics like for postgresql http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.2/static/dynamic-trace.html
 
=== Python ===
 
The following Systemtap probe points have been added to Fedora 13's Python 2 and Python 3 packages:
 
{|
 
! Probe point !! Parameters !! Overview !! Example of usage
 
|-
 
| <code>python.function.entry</code> ||
 
* str filename
 
* str funcname
 
* int lineno
 
|| Indicates that execution of a Python function has begun ||
 
<pre>stap \
 
  -e'probe python.function.entry {log(filename);}' \
 
  -c yum help</pre>
 
|-
 
| <code>python.function.return</code> ||
 
* str filename
 
* str funcname
 
* int lineno
 
|| Indicates that the Python runtime has returned from a function || Probing modules visited as the python runtime starts up: <pre>stap \
 
-e'probe python.function.return {log(filename);}' \
 
-c "python -c 'pass'"</pre>
 
|}
 
 
A sample script that uses these probe points to show the hierarchy of function calls and returns within a python process (or across the whole system) has been added to the <code>python-libs</code> and <code>python3-libs</code> subpackages.
 
 
Here's an example of running it (in verbose mode) to trace what happens during the invocation of a python script (the <code>yum</code> tool, as it happens).
 
<pre>
 
# stap -v /usr/share/doc/python-libs-2.6.4/systemtap-example.stp -c yum help
 
Pass 1: parsed user script and 66 library script(s) using
 
20224virt/12248res/2040shr kb, in 150usr/10sys/160real ms.
 
Pass 2: analyzed script: 2 probe(s), 14 function(s), 2 embed(s), 2 global(s)
 
using 25184virt/14572res/3380shr kb, in 20usr/0sys/14real ms.
 
Pass 3: using cached
 
/root/.systemtap/cache/5a/stap_5a80297603ac4434b77b22e6f4127f00_5903.c
 
Pass 4: using cached
 
/root/.systemtap/cache/5a/stap_5a80297603ac4434b77b22e6f4127f00_5903.ko
 
Pass 5: starting run.
 
    0 yum(23287): => <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/site.py:59
 
  439 yum(23287):  => <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/os.py:22
 
  1021 yum(23287):  => <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/posixpath.py:11
 
  1146 yum(23287):    => <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/stat.py:4
 
  1163 yum(23287):    <= <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/stat.py:94
 
  1272 yum(23287):    => <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/genericpath.py:5
 
  1292 yum(23287):    <= <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/genericpath.py:85
 
  1483 yum(23287):    => <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/warnings.py:1
 
  1677 yum(23287):    => <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/linecache.py:6
 
  1698 yum(23287):    <= <module> in /usr/lib/python2.6/linecache.py:68
 
(etc)
 
</pre>
 
 
The Python 3 version of the probe point sends the strings back to SystemTap in UTF-8 encoding.  For example, if you create a python script with an "interesting" name:
 
<pre>
 
# cat print("Yaarrr!") > ☠.py
 
# cat ☠.py
 
print("Yarrrrr!")
 
# stap -v /usr/share/doc/python3-libs-3.1.1/systemtap-example.stp -c "python3 ☠.py"
 
(copious output snipped)
 
    0 python3(28262): => <module> in ☠.py:1
 
    22 python3(28262): <= <module> in ☠.py:1
 
</pre>
 
 
{{admon/tip|Unicode filenames|For the curious, the filename of that python script in Unicode is:
 
<pre>
 
U+2620 SKULL AND CROSSBONES
 
U+002E FULL STOP
 
U+0070 LATIN SMALL LETTER P
 
U+0079 LATIN SMALL LETTER Y
 
</pre>
 
}}
 
  
 
== Release Notes ==
 
== Release Notes ==

Revision as of 11:44, 22 February 2010

Contents

Systemtap Static Probes

WORK IN PROGRESS: Currently a copy of Features/SystemtapStaticProbes, will turn into a new feature page for f14.

Summary

Systemtap allows event tracing of programs when they have static probes inserted. This allows for tracing specifics of an application on a higher level that is meaningful to the application user so they don't have to know the exact source code details for tracing what is happening.

Owner

  • email: mjw@redhat.com

Current status

  • Targeted release: Fedora 14
  • Last updated: 22 Feb 2009
  • Percentage of completion: 10%, work based on F13 feature.
  • See under scope for individual package status.

TODO

  • Some experiments showed some greater than expected impact on performance in the dormant case. So for each package identified we need to do some benchmarking to make sure there is zero overhead in to normal case. (Add any relevants benchmarks to the scopes section under the relevant package please).

Detailed Description

By packaging a new version of systemtap, that enables programs that already have static dtrace probe markers in their sources and by making those packages build depend on the new systemtap-sdt-devel package and recompiling them with probe points enabled, users of those packages will be able to trace any high level events that these packages provide.

Benefit to Fedora

It will be easier for developers and users to observe what is really happening on their system on a higher (application) level.

Scope

  • Work with upstream to identify any issues with the new capabilities while we activate probes in packages.
  • Identify packages that already include static user probes (see below)
  • Work with package maintainer to enable them in the Fedora build spec file.
  • Add documentation on enabled probes and how to use them with a systemtap tapset.

Currently identified packages:

See also the F13 feature for java, python. tcl and postgresql work that could be expanded.

xorg-x11-server

  • Need tweaks to systemtap to gen proper header from .d file (should be fixed with systemtap 1.1 package).
  • Add patch from upstream docs

Firefox

Tracking bug: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=496113

mysql

  • mysql 6.0.8: really new alpha version from mysql.com has probes. However, the version in fedora 5.0.67 doesn't. A backport would be required. Won't be in next fedora

apachetop/httpd

  • apachetop-0.12.6 (newer httpd have patches directly [1] - note needs some build tweaking)

Perl

perl-5.10.0: implemented as an out-of-tree patch to the core (5.10.1 has some, see INSTALL)

PHP

  • php-5.2.8: implemented as an add-on module (shared library listed in /etc/php.ini) that intercepts internal php interpreter function pointers and wraps those calls with markers

Ruby

  • ruby-1.8.6-p287: similar to php, but richer & far more complicated

See http://ruby-dtrace.rubyforge.org/

Haskell

Notes

It seems as if several of the above were dtrace-instrumented in code that was never merged into the upstream versions of the package, but instead represented as run-time add-ons or private patches for Solaris distributions. Disappointing, but perhaps we can do better and engage the respective upstream teams. This will of course take time and panache.

At least the patches tend to be very small so we have some freedom to choose between approaches (adding STAP_PROBE/whatever hooks directly to the core upstream code; or fedora local patches; or add-on shared libraries like for php/httpd).

Another approach worth considering is adding tapsets that map process.mark() events to process.function/statement() to approximate the dtrace out-of-tree patches.

How To Test

Whether systemtap and static markers are working in general can be tested by installing systemtap, kernel-debuginfo and the systemtap-testsuite. Running sudo make installcheck in /usr/share/systemtap/testsuite

When applications get static markers enabled we should add them to a testing page listing:

  • Package install instructions.
  • Setup and sample run of the application
  • A reference to the probe names.
  • And an simple example stap invocation listing markers that can be enabled.

Question: Is there a convention/template for adding such test pages for test days?
Answer: https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/QA/Test_Days/Create

User Experience

For packages that have static probes enabled users will be able to trace high-level events, like for example database transactions, through stap.

Dependencies

  • Might need some coordination with gcc (for debug info output) and elfutils (for grokking the debuginfo output). But this is mostly done upstream already.
  • Any package wishing to expose existing probes in its (upstream) sources depending on systemtap-sdt-devel and adding an --enable-dtrace or equivalent to its spec file.

Contingency Plan

Even if all the tracing will not work, packages that are converted to provide static probes will not be impacted since the probe points have (near) zero overhead, so in the worse case some packages were recompiled to enable the feature, but users will still not be able to use it.

Documentation

The upstream wiki is the best description for now http://sourceware.org/systemtap/wiki/UsingStaticUserMarkers the systemtap list has an example on converting a package http://sourceware.org/ml/systemtap/2009-q1/msg00140.html

While working on this feature this section will be expanded to list packages that have probe points enabled and pointers to (upstream) package documentation on the probe names and semantics like for postgresql http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.2/static/dynamic-trace.html

Release Notes

Systemtap has been extended to support user space tracing, and in particular to support static (dtrace compatible) markers enabled in various programs in Fedora 12. This enables users, developers and administrators a high level overview of what is going on with their system or deep down in a specific program or subsystem.

Systemtap comes with a tutorial, a language reference manual, a tapsets reference and an examples directory under /usr/share/doc/systemtap-?.?/

  • TODO: Should have a list of which packages were enabled with markers when finished.

Comments and Discussion