Archive:Fr FR/SujetsInterdits

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Elements Interdites
Les contributeurs et les utilisateurs de Fedora demandent à la communauté pourquoi certaines articles ne sont pas incluses dans Fedora Core ou Extras. Cette page est conçue pour fournir certaines explication sur la plupart des exclusions.
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Table des contenus

Contents

Résumé

Le Projet Fedora encourage l'usage des logiciels libres (Free and Open Source en anglais).

  • Si le logiciel est propriétaire, il ne peut être inclus dans Fedora.
  • Si le logiciel est légalement encombré, il ne peut être inclus dans Fedora.
  • Si le logiciel viole les lois fédérals des États-Unis, il ne peut être inclus dans Fedora.

La FAQ Fedora non-officielle fournit des réponses utiles aux questions fréquemment posées. Cependant, elles ne sont complètement pas supportées par le Projet Fedora. Vous pouvez aussi trouver des informations avec Google .

Les logiciles et les pilotes propriétaires peuvent être disponsibles des autres revendeurs et propriétaires respecitves.


Participations communautaires

Il y a plusieurs sections oú la participation communautaire peut améliorer Fedora. Référez-vous à la page SommaireDeL'Aide pour les contributions potentieles et Fedora Wishlist (en) pour quelques exemples. Si vous êtes intéressé à maintenir d'autres paquetages sur Fedora, voyez la page Extras .

Issues légales courantes

Il existe plusieurs articles en discussion sur les Issues légales qui peuvent être ajoutées ou supprimées de cetter page lorsque la décision finale est atteinte.


MP3 Support

MP3 encoding/decoding support is not included in any Fedora application because MP3 is heavily patented in several regions including the United States. The patent holder is unwilling to give an unrestricted patent grant, as required by the GPL. Other platforms might have paid the royalty and/or included proprietary software. Other Linux distributions not based in a region affected by the patent might ship MP3 decoders/encoders or they might have included proprietary software. However, Fedora Core cannot and does not ship MP3 decoders/encoders in order to serve the goal of providing and supporting only free and open source software that is not restricted by software patents by default.

Fedora Suggests: If possible, use patent unrestricted formats such as Ogg Vorbis (a lossy audio codec that has better quality than MP3), or FLAC (a lossless audio codec).

NTFS

NTFS support is not included in the Fedora Core kernel because of patent concerns.

Fedora Suggests: Using a file system natively supported by Linux, such as ext3, is a better option. If you must share files between Windows and Linux on a single system, format the shared partitions with FAT/FAT32 (vfat) instead. The Samba software included with Fedora enables your system to access file shares on networked Windows systems, and to act as a server for Windows systems.

NVIDIA Accelerated Graphics Drivers

The NVIDIA graphics drivers are proprietary and many kernel developers consider this driver to violate the GPL license of the kernel. Fedora Core does not include proprietary software.

Fedora Suggests: Consider using a graphics adapter from Intel or any other manufacturer that supports open source with full specifications and/or source code. Note that NVIDIA adapters will usually work well using the drivers included with Fedora, but accelerated functions (OpenGL) will not be available.

ATI Accelerated Graphics Drivers

The ATI graphics drivers are proprietary and many kernel developers consider this driver to violate the GPL license of the kernel. Fedora Core does not include proprietary software.

Fedora Suggests: Consider using a graphics adapter from Intel or any other manufacturer that supports open source with full specifications and/or source code. Note that ATI adapters will usually work well using the drivers included with Fedora, but accelerated functions (OpenGL) will not be available.

Real Media (and Player)

Real Media encoding/decoding support is not included in any Fedora application because it is heavily patented in several regions including the United States. The patent holder is unwilling to give an unrestricted patent grant, as required by the GPL. Other platforms might have paid the royalty and/or included proprietary software. Other Linux distributions not based in a region affected by the patent might ship Real Media decoders/encoders. However, Fedora Core cannot and does not ship Real Media decoders/encoders in order to serve the goal of providing and supporting only free and open source software by default.

Fedora Suggests: Try using patent unrestricted formats such as Ogg Vorbis (a lossy audio codec), Ogg Theora (a lossy video codec), or FLAC (a lossless audio codec).

DVD Playback

DVD playback (of CSS encrypted DVDs) may be a violation of the United States DMCA , because it may be considered circumventing a copyright protection mechanism. Additionally, MPEG2 is a patented codec, so even DVDs without encryption cannot be played.

Fedora Suggests: Using patent unrestricted formats such as Ogg Theora is highly recommended when encoding videos.

Cryptography

Some cryptographic packages are not included within Fedora Core due to US export restrictions and patent concerns.

Fedora Suggests: Consider using non-restricted cryptographic methods instead.

szip

The szip license is too restrictive for inclusion in Fedora Extras.

Fedora Suggests: Use other open source alternatives such as gzip and bzip2 formats.

Sun's Java

Sun's Java is proprietary software. Fedora only includes free and open source programs. Fedora includes and actively develops GCJ which can be used to run many Java programs. See our ["JavaFAQ"] for more details.

VMware

VMware is proprietary software. Fedora does not include proprietary software. Fedora includes and develops Xen which might provide an alternative.

Adobe/Macromedia Flash Player

Adobe Flash Player is proprietary software. Fedora does not include proprietary software. There are open source alternatives including Swfdec and GplFlash .

NOTE: Firefox's plugin service will install Adobe Flash Player if it is needed.

Adobe Acrobat Reader

Adobe Acrobat Reader is proprietary software. Fedora Core does not include proprietary software.

Fedora Suggests: Consider using open source alternatives instead. Alternative PDF (Acrobat file format) readers are provided for the GNOME desktop (evince) developed and maintained by Fedora developers, the KDE desktop (kpdf), and for generic X-Window graphical interfaces (xpdf).