From Fedora Project Wiki

(Improving spelling and grammar, although adding some formatting to make this article easier to navigate, read and understand.)
(Add new information regarding packaging utilities used by distributions including Fedora, attempt to remove some bias)
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{{Admon/note|This page is a bit outdated | please update and improve it if you can.}}
 
 
 
 
Fedora users or potential users sometimes have questions on how Fedora compares to other distributions in the Linux world.  If you are wondering if Fedora is the right distribution for you, refer to the following pages:
 
Fedora users or potential users sometimes have questions on how Fedora compares to other distributions in the Linux world.  If you are wondering if Fedora is the right distribution for you, refer to the following pages:
  
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http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Is_Fedora_For_Me
 
http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Is_Fedora_For_Me
  
Linux distributions are very diverse and the following is not meant to a comprehensive comparison of all distributions nor are they a unbiased review or distribution bashing. Instead they are look at some other popular distributions from a Fedora perspective.  
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Linux distributions are very diverse and the following is not meant to a comprehensive comparison of all distributions, nor are they a unbiased review or distribution bashing. Instead, this article looks at some other popular distributions from a Fedora perspective.
 +
 
 +
We, in the Fedora Project, certainly believe in the diversity and encourage that by working close with upstream projects that benefits all Linux distributions and not just Fedora.  
  
We, in the Fedora Project certainly believe in the diversity and encourage that by working close with upstream projects that benefits all Linux distributions and not just Fedora.
 
  
 
==Debian==
 
==Debian==
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Like Fedora, Debian is very focused on free and open source software. A good judgement of whether a particular software project is truly free and open source software can be made on the basis of whether it is available via the Debian and Fedora repositories.   
 
Like Fedora, Debian is very focused on free and open source software. A good judgement of whether a particular software project is truly free and open source software can be made on the basis of whether it is available via the Debian and Fedora repositories.   
  
Both projects have a large body of collective knowledge from the community in the form of community governance, policies and packaging guidelines
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Both projects have a large body of collective knowledge from the community in the form of community governance, policies, and packaging guidelines.
  
 
===Differences===
 
===Differences===
  
Debian uses the deb format, dpkg package manager and apt-get dependency resolver.  Fedora uses the rpm format and the RPM package manager and yum dependency resolver.  
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Debian uses the deb format, dpkg package manager, and apt-get dependency resolver.  Fedora uses the RPM format, the RPM package manager, and dnf dependency resolver.
 +
 
 +
Debian has free, non-free and contrib repositories, while Fedora has a single global repository that contains only free software applications. Debian has a larger repository with over 20,000 software packages. Fedora has around 15,000 software packages, although it should be taken into account that Fedora does not include a non-free or contrib repository.  
  
Debian has free, non-free and contrib repositories, while Fedora has a single global repository that contains only free software applications. Debian has a larger repository with over 20,000 software packages. Fedora has around 15,000 software packages taking into account that Fedora does not include a non-free or contrib repository.  
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Unlike Fedora, Debian does not follow a time-based release model.  
  
Unlike Fedora, Debian does not follow a time based release model.
 
  
 
==Ubuntu==
 
==Ubuntu==
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Ubuntu is a popular Debian derivative and consequently many of the similarities and differences between Debian and Fedora apply to Ubuntu as well.  
 
Ubuntu is a popular Debian derivative and consequently many of the similarities and differences between Debian and Fedora apply to Ubuntu as well.  
  
 
===Similarities===
 
===Similarities===
Fedora and Ubuntu, both use many of the same command line tools, including <code>cp</code>, <code>mv</code>, <code>rm</code>, <code>sudo</code>, <code>wget</code>, ''etc.''  
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Fedora and Ubuntu both use many of the same command line tools, like nearly any Linux distribution, including <code>cp</code>, <code>mv</code>, <code>rm</code>, <code>sudo</code>, <code>wget</code>, ''etc.''  
  
Just as Fedora is sponsored by Red Hat, Ubuntu is sponsored by Canonical Ltd, a UK-based software company that profits mostly on charging for Ubuntu support. Ubuntu also has its own StackExchange website called Ask Ubuntu, which is similar to Fedora's Ask Fedora Askbot-based website. Ubuntu has a server and cloud like Fedora does.
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Just as Fedora is sponsored by Red Hat, Ubuntu is sponsored by Canonical Ltd, a UK-based software company that profits mostly on charging for Ubuntu support. Ubuntu also has its own StackExchange website called Ask Ubuntu, which is similar to Fedora's Ask Fedora Askbot-based website.
 +
 
 +
Ubuntu has a server and cloud edition like Fedora does.
  
 
===Differences===
 
===Differences===
Ubuntu is commercially supported by Canonical, while Fedora is a community project sponsored by Red Hat.
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Ubuntu is commercially supported by Canonical while Fedora is a community project sponsored by Red Hat.
  
Ubuntu is a based on the Debian but Fedora is not a derivative and has a more direct relationship and stays close to many upstream projects.  
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Ubuntu is based off of Debian, but Fedora is not a derivative of another Linux distribution and has a more direct relationship with many upstream projects by using newer versions of their software.  
  
Ubuntu has more lax policies involving proprietary or patent encumbered software and selectively tolerates it to some extent.
+
Ubuntu has more relaxed policies involving proprietary or patent-encumbered software and selectively tolerates it to some extent.
  
Ubuntu uses the deb format, dpkg package manager and apt-get dependency resolver. Fedora uses the rpm format and the RPM package manager and yum dependency resolver.
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Ubuntu also uses the deb format, dpkg package manager, and apt-get dependency resolver.
 +
 
 +
Ubuntu's default desktop environment is Unity, but Ubuntu can also be used with desktop environments such as GNOME, KDE, Xfce, LXDE, and MATE. Fedora's default desktop environment is GNOME, but there are also Fedora spins of other desktop environments, such as KDE, Xfce, LXDE, and MATE.
  
Fedora use many DEsktop Manager (gnome,kde,xfce,lxce called spin) Ubuntu has the same but their default manager is Unity
 
  
 
==openSUSE==
 
==openSUSE==
  
openSUSE was founded in part as a response to Fedora and hence has many similarities
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openSUSE was founded by SUSE, LLC as a predecessor of Red Hat Linux. Because of similarities in packaging software, there are many similarities between openSUSE and Fedora.
  
 
===Similarities===
 
===Similarities===
 +
Like Fedora, openSUSE uses RPM as a package manager.
  
Like Fedora, openSUSE uses RPM as a package manager
+
openSUSE also has a time-based release model; however, Fedora releases a new major release every six months while openSUSE has a new major release every nine months.
  
openSUSE also has a time based release model although Fedora has a new release every six months and openSUSE has a new release every nine months instead
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openSUSE has adopted the Fedora trademark license agreement with a few minor differences, and openSUSE has mostly adopted the Fedora Packaging Guidelines as well.
 
 
openSUSE has adopted the Fedora trademark license agreement with a few minor differences
 
 
 
openSUSE has in large part adopted the Fedora Packaging guidelines as well
 
  
 
===Differences===
 
===Differences===
 +
openSUSE uses the zypper dependency resolver instead of dnf. Both of these dependency resolvers use a SAT-solver for quick dependency resolutions.
  
openSUSE uses the zypper dependency resolver instead of yum although yum is available in the openSUSE repository.
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openSUSE is freely available, but also sold as a retail boxed product with limited commercial support from SUSE, while Fedora is a community project with no retail business.
  
openSUSE is freely available but also sold as a retail boxed product with limited commercial support from Novell while Fedora is a community project with no retail business.
 
  
 
==Mandriva==
 
==Mandriva==
  
 
===Similarities===
 
===Similarities===
 +
Like Fedora, Mandriva uses RPM as a package manager.
  
Like Fedora, Mandriva uses RPM as a package manager 
+
Mandriva has adopted the Fedora licensing guidelines with few minor differences, and many Mandriva packagers synchronize their packages with the style and patches found in the corresponding Fedora packages
 
 
Mandriva has adopted the Fedora licensing guidelines with few minor differences
 
 
 
Mandriva uses the Red Hat network configuration file layout
 
  
Many Mandriva packagers synchronize their packages with the style and patches found in the corresponding Fedora packages
+
Mandriva uses the Red Hat network configuration file layout.
  
 
===Differences===
 
===Differences===
 +
Mandriva uses the urpmi dependency resolver instead of dnf.
  
Mandriva uses the urpmi dependency resolver instead of yum although yum is available in the Mandriva repository
+
Mandriva has an official non-free repository for redistributable but non-free software. Additionally, Mandriva has a somewhat more relaxed patent policy.
  
Mandriva has an official non-free repository for redistributable but not Free software, and a somewhat more relaxed patent policy
+
Mandriva has a home-grown set of configuration tools, written in perl with GTK+ 2 bindings, organized in the Mandriva Control Center front-end.
  
Mandriva has a home-grown set of configuration tools, written in perl with GTK+ 2 bindings, organized in the Mandriva Control Center front end
+
Mandriva uses its own graphical network configuration tool and status applet, rather than NetworkManager like in Fedora.
  
Mandriva uses its own graphical network configuration tool and status applet, rather than NetworkManager
+
Mandriva has a for-sale commercial edition, the Powerpack, which includes some non-redistributable commercial software and includes limited support.
  
Mandriva has a for-sale commercial edition, the Powerpack, which includes some non-redistributable commercial software and some support
+
Mandriva requires all shared libraries to be split into separate packages and to be provided in both x86-32 and x86-64 form.
  
Mandriva requires all shared libraries to be split into separate packages, and provided in both x86-32 and x86-64 form (the x86-64 library packages have the prefix lib64)
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[[Category:About Fedora]]
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[[Category:Desktop]]
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[[Category:Distribution]]
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[[Category:Features]]
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[[Category:Fedora Project]]
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[[Category:Introduction to Fedora for Ubuntu users]]

Revision as of 18:30, 15 August 2015

Fedora users or potential users sometimes have questions on how Fedora compares to other distributions in the Linux world. If you are wondering if Fedora is the right distribution for you, refer to the following pages:

http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Overview

http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Is_Fedora_For_Me

Linux distributions are very diverse and the following is not meant to a comprehensive comparison of all distributions, nor are they a unbiased review or distribution bashing. Instead, this article looks at some other popular distributions from a Fedora perspective.

We, in the Fedora Project, certainly believe in the diversity and encourage that by working close with upstream projects that benefits all Linux distributions and not just Fedora.


Debian

Debian is a community project and a popular Linux distribution.

Similarities

Like Fedora, Debian is very focused on free and open source software. A good judgement of whether a particular software project is truly free and open source software can be made on the basis of whether it is available via the Debian and Fedora repositories.

Both projects have a large body of collective knowledge from the community in the form of community governance, policies, and packaging guidelines.

Differences

Debian uses the deb format, dpkg package manager, and apt-get dependency resolver. Fedora uses the RPM format, the RPM package manager, and dnf dependency resolver.

Debian has free, non-free and contrib repositories, while Fedora has a single global repository that contains only free software applications. Debian has a larger repository with over 20,000 software packages. Fedora has around 15,000 software packages, although it should be taken into account that Fedora does not include a non-free or contrib repository.

Unlike Fedora, Debian does not follow a time-based release model.


Ubuntu

Ubuntu is a popular Debian derivative and consequently many of the similarities and differences between Debian and Fedora apply to Ubuntu as well.

Similarities

Fedora and Ubuntu both use many of the same command line tools, like nearly any Linux distribution, including cp, mv, rm, sudo, wget, etc.

Just as Fedora is sponsored by Red Hat, Ubuntu is sponsored by Canonical Ltd, a UK-based software company that profits mostly on charging for Ubuntu support. Ubuntu also has its own StackExchange website called Ask Ubuntu, which is similar to Fedora's Ask Fedora Askbot-based website.

Ubuntu has a server and cloud edition like Fedora does.

Differences

Ubuntu is commercially supported by Canonical while Fedora is a community project sponsored by Red Hat.

Ubuntu is based off of Debian, but Fedora is not a derivative of another Linux distribution and has a more direct relationship with many upstream projects by using newer versions of their software.

Ubuntu has more relaxed policies involving proprietary or patent-encumbered software and selectively tolerates it to some extent.

Ubuntu also uses the deb format, dpkg package manager, and apt-get dependency resolver.

Ubuntu's default desktop environment is Unity, but Ubuntu can also be used with desktop environments such as GNOME, KDE, Xfce, LXDE, and MATE. Fedora's default desktop environment is GNOME, but there are also Fedora spins of other desktop environments, such as KDE, Xfce, LXDE, and MATE.


openSUSE

openSUSE was founded by SUSE, LLC as a predecessor of Red Hat Linux. Because of similarities in packaging software, there are many similarities between openSUSE and Fedora.

Similarities

Like Fedora, openSUSE uses RPM as a package manager.

openSUSE also has a time-based release model; however, Fedora releases a new major release every six months while openSUSE has a new major release every nine months.

openSUSE has adopted the Fedora trademark license agreement with a few minor differences, and openSUSE has mostly adopted the Fedora Packaging Guidelines as well.

Differences

openSUSE uses the zypper dependency resolver instead of dnf. Both of these dependency resolvers use a SAT-solver for quick dependency resolutions.

openSUSE is freely available, but also sold as a retail boxed product with limited commercial support from SUSE, while Fedora is a community project with no retail business.


Mandriva

Similarities

Like Fedora, Mandriva uses RPM as a package manager.

Mandriva has adopted the Fedora licensing guidelines with few minor differences, and many Mandriva packagers synchronize their packages with the style and patches found in the corresponding Fedora packages

Mandriva uses the Red Hat network configuration file layout.

Differences

Mandriva uses the urpmi dependency resolver instead of dnf.

Mandriva has an official non-free repository for redistributable but non-free software. Additionally, Mandriva has a somewhat more relaxed patent policy.

Mandriva has a home-grown set of configuration tools, written in perl with GTK+ 2 bindings, organized in the Mandriva Control Center front-end.

Mandriva uses its own graphical network configuration tool and status applet, rather than NetworkManager like in Fedora.

Mandriva has a for-sale commercial edition, the Powerpack, which includes some non-redistributable commercial software and includes limited support.

Mandriva requires all shared libraries to be split into separate packages and to be provided in both x86-32 and x86-64 form.