systemd System and Session Manager
systemd is a replacement for SysVinit that acts as a system and session manager.
- Name: Lennart Poettering ; Rahul Sundaram
- Email: lpoetter AT redhat DOT com ; sundaram AT fedoraproject.org
- Targeted release: Fedora 14
- Last updated: 2010-06-01
- Percentage of completion: 10%
- Systemd is currently in Rawhide. The plan is to test it thoroughly and make it the default for Fedora 14, replacing the current default, upstart. Lennart has a few patches for some of the default software, replacing sysvinit daemons with native systemd service files. Rest of the software can continue to include the sysvinit daemons and systemd is compatible with them. Other than some of the default software, we do not recommend users to convert to using systemd services yet for this release.
Benefit to Fedora
Fedora currently uses Upstart but in SysV compatibility mode. systemd is a overall better design as detailed in http://0pointer.de/blog/projects/systemd.html. We hope to reap the benefits of it by leading in distribution integration and including it by default.
Requires building packages for systemd (DONE: https://bugzilla.redhat.com/show_bug.cgi?id=598299 ), and taking advantage of it in a dozen or so desktop daemons that will benefit from systemd the most at present and make it default for Fedora 14.
- Boot the system, make sure all services come up.
- Move between runlevels, ensure the proper starts and stops take place.
- Check the various admin tools such as /sbin/service, system-config-services, chkconfig, etc.
The user should notice considerably faster bootup.
- Successful Fedora Package review and addition to rawhide
- systemd upstream currently lacks three features that we need before f14:
- proper support for selinux (needs policy changes, and we want to move the policy setup in systemd, not in the initrd)
- We need sysv compatible implementations for /bin/reboot, /bin/shutdown and friends. We currently simply use the implementations upstart provides which work fine, but of course are suboptimal as soon as we want to replace upstart completely
- complete set of man pages (parts are already documented, this is far from complete however)
- A number of daemons should provide native systemd .service files in addition to sysv init scripts. I have service files for almost all standard F13 services ready, which just need to be added to the rpms.
- A number of daemons should be patched for socket activation: rsyslog, dbus, portmap, avahi, nscd, cups. These patches exist (and are public) and should have upstreamable quality, but they need to be reviewed and added to the rpms.
- A number of daemons should ship changed bus activation files to hook them up to systemd for activation (single-line change per package)
- Revert back to ship the current Upstart package, and offer systemd just as an alternative
- Instead of bash scripts, systemd uses dot service files
- Some man pages are available in the rpm, but this is not yet complete.
Fedora 14 has replaced Upstart with systemd. systemd uses services files located in path/to/files. A dozen desktop daemons [list them] have been initially converted to use systemd service files and small number of programs have been patched to take advantage of it. systemd is compatible with legacy SysV init scripts and rest of the migration will happen incrementally over time.