From Fedora Project Wiki
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== Fedora, and Free/Open source software ==
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== Fedora and free and open source software ==
  
We, at the Fedora community would really like all our users to use [https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.en.html Free/Open] source resources.  
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The Fedora community strongly promotes [https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.en.html free and open source] resources.  
  
TODO: include a video that explains Free/Open source software (must have a transcript with translations) - question: should Fedora make this or should we use one off the www?
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* '''TODO: include a video that explains free and open source software (must have a transcript with translations) - question: should Fedora make this or should we use one off the www?'''
  
Free/Open source resources give us users the freedom to '''use''' them, '''copy''' them, '''inspect and study''' how they work by viewing the sources that they were built from, '''modify and remix''' them by changing these available sources, and '''share''' both the resources and their modified versions. So, the complete source code of [https://src.fedoraproject.org/ all packages] that make up Fedora releases (the source rpms can be downloaded [https://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/27/Everything/source/tree/Packages/ here]), and all the [https://github.com/fedora-infra infrastructure] that is used by the Fedora community is Free/Open source software---one can get it, use it, modify it, and share it.
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Free and open source resources give users the freedom to '''use''', '''copy''', '''inspect''', and '''study''' how they work by viewing the sources from which they were built, '''modify and remix''' them by changing the source, and '''share''' both the resources and their modified versions. To that end, the complete source code of [https://src.fedoraproject.org/ all packages] that make up Fedora releases, and all the [https://github.com/fedora-infra infrastructure] that is used by the Fedora community is free and open source software -- one can get it, use it, modify it, and share it. System-installable source packages are available [https://www.mirrorservice.org/sites/dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/27/Everything/source/tree/Packages/ here] as well.
  
In keeping in line with the Free/Open source software philosophy, we do not [[Forbidden_items | include software that is not Free/Open source (restricted) in Fedora]]. In some cases, however, Free/Open source alternatives are unavailable or do not have certain features that users require, as is the case of [[Licensing:Main#Binary_Firmware | Binary Firmware that is needed to boot systems]] for example, and so, we must include these to improve the usability of Fedora.
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In keeping with free and open source software philosophy, Fedora tries to avoid including [[Forbidden_items | restricted software that is not free and open source]]. In some cases, however, free and open source alternatives may be unavailable or missing certain features users require, as in the case of [[Licensing:Main#Binary_Firmware | binary firmware needed to boot systems]]. Therefore, Fedora must include a limited set of such special cases to improve usability.
  
To further improve usability, the Fedora Workstation now makes it easier for users to install a some software that is not in the Fedora repositories. Even though this list, and the sources where this software comes from have been vetted by the Workstation working group, these are not supplied by Fedora. Fedora only adds the sources to a Workstation install to make it easier for users to install them (users can find and use these sources themselves also).
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To further improve usability, the Fedora Workstation now makes it easier for users to install some software from outside Fedora repositories. This list, and the sources where this software comes from, have been vetted by the Workstation working group. However, the software itself is not supplied by Fedora. Fedora only adds the software vending locations to a Workstation install to make installation easier for users. (Users are already able to find and use these sources themselves.)
  
Some of the items on this list are not Free/Open source (restricted) without Free/Open source alternatives. ''Wherever available, we list Free/Open source alternatives and hope that that users will prefer these to their restricted counterparts.''
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Some of the items on this list are restricted -- that is, not free and open source -- and without free and open source alternatives. ''Wherever available, free and open source alternatives are listed and users are encouraged to prefer these to their restricted counterparts.''
  
 
== Third party source inclusions ==
 
== Third party source inclusions ==
  
Some software is now included in Fedora 28 using the <code>fedora-workstation-repositories</code> package. This package installs the repository files to the standard <code>/etc/yum.repos.d/</code> directory. This section lists the software that is included, and how the repositories can be managed.
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Some software is now included in Fedora 28 using the <code>fedora-workstation-repositories</code> package. This package installs the repository files to the standard <code>/etc/yum.repos.d/</code> directory. This section lists the software that is included, and how to manage the repositories.
  
=== Free/Open source inclusions ===
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=== Free and open source inclusions ===
  
These applications are Free/Open source but are not yet in the Fedora repositories. They may appear there in the future.
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These applications are free and open source but not yet in the Fedora repositories. They may appear there in the future.
  
 
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=== Non Free/Open source (restricted) inclusions ===
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=== Restricted inclusions ===
  
The Free/Open source alternatives listed here are supplied by Fedora and can be installed using GNOME software, and the command line.
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The free and open source alternatives listed here are supplied by Fedora and can be installed using GNOME software, and the command line.
  
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
! Name !! Description !! Repository file !! Free/Open source alternatives available in Fedora
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! Name !! Description !! Repository file !! Free and open source alternatives available in Fedora
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Google Chrome || Web browser developed by Google || <code>google-chrome.repo</code> ||
 
| Google Chrome || Web browser developed by Google || <code>google-chrome.repo</code> ||
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=== Managing third party repositories using DNF ===
 
=== Managing third party repositories using DNF ===
  
These extra sources can also be managed using a terminal/command line and DNF (administrator privileges are required). The following command can be used to install the sources:
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These extra repositories can also be managed using a terminal or command line and DNF. Administrator privileges are required. To install the repositories, use the following command [https://fedoramagazine.org/howto-use-sudo/ with sudo]:
  
 
<code>
 
<code>
dnf install fedora-workstation-repositories
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sudo dnf install fedora-workstation-repositories
 
</code>
 
</code>
  
To remove these repositories, the following command can be used:
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To remove these repositories, use the following command:
  
 
<code>
 
<code>
dnf remove fedora-workstation-repositories
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sudo dnf remove fedora-workstation-repositories
 
</code>
 
</code>
  
 
== Talk to us! ==
 
== Talk to us! ==
  
Any questions, comments, feedback, and suggestions are most welcome. The Fedora community can be contacted via various communication channels which are listed [[Communicating_and_getting_help | here]].
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Questions, comments, feedback, and suggestions are welcome. The Fedora community can be contacted via various communication channels listed [[Communicating_and_getting_help | here]].

Revision as of 14:30, 23 April 2018

Fedora and free and open source software

The Fedora community strongly promotes free and open source resources.

  • TODO: include a video that explains free and open source software (must have a transcript with translations) - question: should Fedora make this or should we use one off the www?

Free and open source resources give users the freedom to use, copy, inspect, and study how they work by viewing the sources from which they were built, modify and remix them by changing the source, and share both the resources and their modified versions. To that end, the complete source code of all packages that make up Fedora releases, and all the infrastructure that is used by the Fedora community is free and open source software -- one can get it, use it, modify it, and share it. System-installable source packages are available here as well.

In keeping with free and open source software philosophy, Fedora tries to avoid including restricted software that is not free and open source. In some cases, however, free and open source alternatives may be unavailable or missing certain features users require, as in the case of binary firmware needed to boot systems. Therefore, Fedora must include a limited set of such special cases to improve usability.

To further improve usability, the Fedora Workstation now makes it easier for users to install some software from outside Fedora repositories. This list, and the sources where this software comes from, have been vetted by the Workstation working group. However, the software itself is not supplied by Fedora. Fedora only adds the software vending locations to a Workstation install to make installation easier for users. (Users are already able to find and use these sources themselves.)

Some of the items on this list are restricted -- that is, not free and open source -- and without free and open source alternatives. Wherever available, free and open source alternatives are listed and users are encouraged to prefer these to their restricted counterparts.

Third party source inclusions

Some software is now included in Fedora 28 using the fedora-workstation-repositories package. This package installs the repository files to the standard /etc/yum.repos.d/ directory. This section lists the software that is included, and how to manage the repositories.

Free and open source inclusions

These applications are free and open source but not yet in the Fedora repositories. They may appear there in the future.

Name Description Repository file
PyCharm Python Integrated development environment _copr_phracek-PyCharm.repo

Restricted inclusions

The free and open source alternatives listed here are supplied by Fedora and can be installed using GNOME software, and the command line.

Name Description Repository file Free and open source alternatives available in Fedora
Google Chrome Web browser developed by Google google-chrome.repo
nVidia graphics drivers Graphics drivers for nVidia graphical hardware rpmfusion-nonfree-nvidia-driver.repo Nouveau: Accelerated Open Source driver for nVidia cards - (installed by default)
Steam client Client for Valve Corporation's Steam gaming platform rpmfusion-nonfree-steam.repo None

Managing third party repositories in GNOME Software

These repositories can be managed in GNOME Software in the "Software Repositories" setting.

Managing third party repositories using DNF

These extra repositories can also be managed using a terminal or command line and DNF. Administrator privileges are required. To install the repositories, use the following command with sudo:

sudo dnf install fedora-workstation-repositories

To remove these repositories, use the following command:

sudo dnf remove fedora-workstation-repositories

Talk to us!

Questions, comments, feedback, and suggestions are welcome. The Fedora community can be contacted via various communication channels listed here.