Update To Pydantic Version 2
- Name: Maxwell G; Benjamin Beasley; Python SIG
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org
- Targeted release: Fedora Linux 40
- Last updated: 2023-11-14
- Discussion thread
- FESCo issue: #3090
- Tracker bug: #2249663
- Release notes tracker: #1061
Pydantic is a Python data validation library.
Recently, upstream released major version 2 with many fixes and performance
improvements but also multiple breaking API changes.
The new release relies on
, which provides the
core validation and serialization functionality used by pydantic v2.
pydantic-core is a Rust PyO3 Python extension module.
We will update pydantic to version 2 after making sure dependent packages are accounted for.
Pydantic v2 contains some breaking API changes that may require porting if packages depend on old functionality. Upstream provides a detailed Migration Guide that describes the breaking API changes.
Projects that are not ready to port to pydantic v2 may use the
compatibility module which contains a full copy of the old pydantic v1 code.
https://github.com/matrix-org/synapse/pull/16332 exemplifies this approach.
As shown in the above PR, projects can use conditional imports to import
pydantic.v1 if pydantic v2 is in use and otherwise fall back to importing
pydantic if pydantic v1 is in use.
Maintaining compatibility for both pydantic v1 and v2 in the same codebase
without the compatibility module is possible but may not be practical for
larger, more complex usecases.
fedrq uses this approach
Many of these deprecation warnings cannot be resolved without dropping support
for pydantic v1.
I did not receive much feedback as of yet, but I expect this change to be uncontroversial.
Benefit to Fedora
Fedora will have the latest version of pydantic in its repositories. The new version touts a significant performance boost, amongst other improvements.
- Proposal owners:
- Preform an impact check
- Make an inventory of failures or packages that have a hard dependency on pydantic v1.
- Submit distgit PRs and/or file upstream issues to fix incompatibilities in dependent packages
- Submit new python-pydantic-settings and python-pydantic-extra-types packages for review
- Wait two weeks for packagers to review PRs. Those that remain compatible with pydantic v1 can be merged immediately.
- Build pydantic v2 package and any outstanding PRs in a side tag.
- Other developers:
- Test your package to ensure it still builds and functions with pydantic v2
- Help with package reviews
- Review distgit PRs to fix incompatibilities
Pydantic version 2 has some breaking API changes. See upstream's Migration Guide.
How To Test
You can perform test builds like this:
$ copr mock-config gotmax23/pydanticv2-testing fedora-rawhide-x86_64 > ~/.config/pydanticv2.cfg $ fedpkg --release=rawhide mockbuild --root pydanticv2
This isn't a particularly user visible change. Users of Python applications that utilize Pydantic should notice a performance improvement.
See https://gtmx.me/Wiki/Fedora/pydantic-v2-update/#lists for a list of dependent packages. The Change owners will work with these packages' maintainers to ensure the packages remain functional with the new pydantic version.
- Contingency mechanism: N/A (not a System Wide Change)
- Contingency deadline: N/A (not a System Wide Change)
- Blocks release? N/A (not a System Wide Change)
See https://gtmx.me/Wiki/Fedora/pydantic-v2-update/ for the current status and notes.
python3-pydantic was updated from 1.10.z to 2.y.z. Pydantic v2 brings performance improvements and an API refactoring, amongst other changes. See upstream's Migration Guide for a full inventory of breaking changes.