From Fedora Project Wiki

Fedora Multimedia

Fedora includes many packages for multimedia applications, including tools to create, record and play back many multimedia formats. There are also some popular formats that are not supported in default Fedora installations for certain reasons. Questions are frequently raised about various multimedia tools and formats in Fedora, questions that this section aims to answer.

Third party software repositories

Third party repositories typically have a more liberal licensing policy and can include multimedia players and codecs that Fedora excludes for various reasons. End users can look there for software that is not provided by Fedora. Fedora does not include any support for patent encumbered or proprietary codecs. If you want to understand more, refer to Software Patents


Enabling sound hardware on Fedora systems is often among the early goals after installation. There are many different technologies that are used for sound, many different types of hardware and associated drivers and a number of issues that might be encountered.

Multimedia Players

The default installation of Fedora includes Rhythmbox and Totem for media playback. Many other programs are available in the Fedora repositories, including the popular XMMS2 player and KDE's amaroK, as well as Celluloid. Both GNOME and KDE have a selection of players that can be used with a variety of formats. Additional programs are available from third parties to handle other formats.

WebM, Ogg and Xiph.Org Foundation Formats

Fedora includes complete support for WebM, the Ogg media container format and the Vorbis audio, Theora video, Speex audio and FLAC lossless audio formats. These freely-distributable formats are not encumbered by patent or license restrictions. They provide powerful and flexible alternatives to more popular, restricted formats. The Fedora Project encourages the use of open source formats in place of restricted ones. For more information on these formats and how to use them, refer to the Xiph.Org Foundation's web site at and


Fedora previously had to remove support for MP3 due to legal concerns. As of May 2017, MP3 encoding and decoding is permissible in Fedora.

For more details, see:

Encrypted DVD and Other Excluded Multimedia

Fedora cannot include support for encrypted DVD video playback. DVD video is equipped with an encryption scheme and the code needed to decrypt CSS-encrypted discs may violate the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, a copyright law of the United States. Fedora also excludes other multimedia software due to patent, copyright or license restrictions. For more on this subject, please refer to

CD and DVD Authoring and Burning

Fedora include a variety of tools for easily mastering and burning CDs and DVDs. GNOME users can burn directly from the Nautilus file manager. There are also specialized media writing software such as brasero,gnomebaker or k3b available in Fedora, for these tasks. Console tools include wodim, readom, genisoimage and other popular applications.


You can use Fedora to create and play back screencasts, which are recorded desktop sessions, using open technologies. Fedora includes istanbul, which creates screencasts using the Theora video format as well as 'byzanz' which creates screencasts as animated GIF files. These videos can be played back using one of several players included in Fedora. This is the preferred way to submit screencasts to the Fedora Project for either developer or end-user use. For a more comprehensive how-to, refer to the ScreenCasting page.

Extended Support through Plugins

Most of the media players in Fedora support the use of plugins to add support for additional media formats and sound output systems. Some use powerful backends, like the gstreamer package, to handle media format support and sound output. Plugin packages for these backends and for individual applications are available in Fedora and additional plugins may be available from third parties to add even greater capabilities.

Related Resources