Printing/ConfigurationTool

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system-config-printer

This page has information about the printing configuration tool used in Fedora, system-config-printer. The tool is for configuring a CUPS server, and uses the Internet Printing Protocol (IPP) to do so. For local servers this is delegated to PolicyKit when available.

Structure

The configuration tool is written in Python and uses GTK+. The IPP handling is done using the pycups Python extension. Windows print share browsing is provided by the pysmbc Python extension.

Main application

The main application provides a graphical interface for editing printer queues.

Applet

The printer applet displays an icon in the notification area when you have jobs queued to print.

udev hook

The system-config-printer-udev sub-package provides support for using udev to configure USB printers at the time they are connected. It can also install printer drivers as required.

pycups

In order to communicate with a CUPS server, system-config-printer uses the libcups library provided by CUPS. This provides a fairly high-level API for performing several common operations such as adding and removing printers. It also provides a lower-level API for constructing arbitrary IPP requests.

Another API provided by this library is one for inspecting and manipulating PPD files, which define what format the printer requires data in, as well as any options and their choices and defaults.

Bindings for the high-level IPP API and for the PPD API are provided by the separate python-cups package.

pysmbc

The libsmbclient library is used to discover and browse CIFS print shares. Python bindings for a simple subset of this API are provided by the separate python-smbc package.

cups-pk-helper

Support for using PolicyKit to perform administrative operations is provided by the separate cups-pk-helper package.

PolicyKit configuration

The printing configuration tool uses PolicyKit when configuring CUPS on the local machine. For normal IPP operations the policy determining who gets to modify what is defined in the CUPS configuration file /etc/cups/cupsd.conf. Configuring CUPS using PolicyKit (cups-pk-helper) is an extra mechanism with its own policy.

The default cups-pk-helper policy requires administrative authentication for most actions. Here is how you can customize that in two steps.

  • Using the User Accounts tool in System Settings, change your Account type to Administrator.
  • Create a pklocalauthority file called /etc/polkit-1/localauthority/50-local.d/10-printer-config.pkla with this content:
[Desktop Administrator Permissions]
Identity=unix-group:wheel
Action=org.opensuse.cupspkhelper.mechanism.*
ResultAny=no
ResultInactive=no
ResultActive=yes

Note that there is an open bug about whether or not this should be the default: bug #596711.

Original design discussion for system-config-printer

Additional information

These projects are hosted at fedorahosted:

A document describing how the various components fit together was written a while ago. It is out of date in that it mentions hal-cups-utils (instead we use udev hooks now) and that it does not talk about cups-pk-helper at all.