QA:Testcase realmd join kickstart

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Associated release criterion
This test case is associated with the Fedora_26_Alpha_Release_Criteria#remote-authentication release criterion. If you are doing release validation testing, a failure of this test case may be a breach of that release criterion. If so, please file a bug and nominate it as blocking the appropriate milestone, using the blocker bug nomination page.



This test case tests enrolling a system as a domain client using Anaconda/Kickstart.


  1. Deploy a correctly-configured FreeIPA or Active Directory domain controller. You can follow:
    QA:Testcase_Server_role_deploy with the Domain Controller role to deploy a FreeIPA domain controller on Fedora 21 or later
    QA:Testcase_freeipav3_installation to deploy a FreeIPA domain controller on Fedora 20 or earlier
    QA:Testcase_Active_Directory_Setup to deploy an Active Directory domain controller
  2. Ensure you have a non-live installer image for the Fedora release you wish to test
  3. Create a computer account in the domain with a one time password
    For Active Directory:
    $ adcli preset-computer --one-time-password=MyPassword anaconda1
    Replace with the correct domain name
    For FreeIPA:
    ipa host-add --password=MyPassword --force
    For both, the client hostname ('') above must match the name in the ks.cfg file below
  4. Create a new virtual machine with at least an 8GB disk and 1GB of RAM, using the installer image to boot from
  5. Prepare the kickstart file
    Create a file based on the one below, replacing your domain name into the realm command, and making any other adjustments as necessary
    Upload the kickstart file to an accessible web server (or use another method of kickstart deployment, whatever is most convenient)
bootloader --location=mbr
network --device=link --bootproto=static --ip=<static_ip_address> --netmask=<netmask> --gateway=<gateway_ip> --nameserver=<AD IP address>
url --mirrorlist=$releasever&arch=$basearch
timezone America/New_York
lang en_US.UTF-8
clearpart --all
realm join --one-time-password=MyPassword
rootpw anaconda

How to test

  1. Start your new virtual machine you prepared above
  2. At the Fedora boot loader install prompt, use the arrow keys to select Install Fedora 26 and press tab.
  3. Add the following to the end of the command line
    You may also need to pass ip=(static IP)::(gateway IP):(netmask):anaconda1:(interface):off nameserver=(DNS server IP) to force use of the correct DNS server, if retrieving the kickstart via the network and DHCP would not use the correct DNS server
    Make sure to use the full path to the location you uploaded your custom ks.cfg file (or adjust as necessary for any other kickstart deployment method)
  4. Press enter to boot and run the installation

Expected Results

  1. The boot should complete without prompting
    If you watch closely, before install you should see a status line saying that the realm is being discovered
    Again, after installation, you should see a status line joining the domain
  2. Reboot the machine after installation
  3. Check that the domain is now configured: realm list
    Make sure the domain is listed
    Make sure you have a configured: kerberos-member line in the output
  4. Check that you can resolve domain accounts on the local computer
    For Active Directory:
    getent passwd 'AD\User' (make sure to use the quotes)
    For FreeIPA:
    getent passwd admin@domain (domain is the fully-qualified FreeIPA domain name, e.g. example.ipa)
    You should see an output line that looks like passwd output. It should contain an appropriate home directory, and a shell
  5. Check that you have an appropriate entry in your host's keytab: su -c 'klist -k'
    You should see several lines with your host name. For example 1 host/$hostname@$FQDN
  6. Check that you can use your keytab with kerberos: su -c 'kinit -k (principal)'
    Replace (principal) with the principal from the output of the klist command above. Use the one with the domain capitalized and that looks like host/hostname@DOMAIN) (FreeIPA) or HOSTNAME$@DOMAIN (Active Directory)
    There should be no output from this command
  7. If you are testing FreeIPA and have set up the FreeIPA Web UI, you can use it to see that the computer account was created under the Hosts section
  8. If you have are testing Active Directory and have console access to the domain controller, you can use the Active Directory Users and Computers tool to see if that the computer account was created under the Computers section
  9. Optionally, move on to QA:Testcase_domain_client_authenticate to ensure you can log in with a domain account.


  • If the domain is not resolvable by the DHCP/DNS server used by the virtual machine's virtual switch, you can configure network settings directly in the kickstart file using the "network" keyword. For example:
network --device=link --bootproto=static --ip=<vm-static-ip-address> --netmask=<vm-netmask> --gateway=<vm-gateway> --nameserver=<ad-dns-server-ip-address> --hostname=anaconda1
  • If the adcli preset-computer command complains about the computer account already existing, you can delete it with adcli delete-computer anaconda1