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httpd_selinux(8)      httpd Selinux Policy documentation      httpd_selinux(8)

httpd_selinux - Security Enhanced Linux Policy for the httpd daemon

Security-Enhanced Linux secures the httpd server via flexible mandatory
access control.

SELinux requires files to have an extended attribute to define the file
type.   Policy governs the access daemons have to these files.  SELinux
httpd policy is very flexible allowing users to setup  their  web  ser-
vices in as secure a method as possible.

The following file contexts types are defined for httpd:

- Set files with httpd_sys_content_t for content which is avail-
able from all httpd scripts and the daemon.

- Set cgi scripts with httpd_sys_script_exec_t to allow them  to
run with access to all sys types.

-   Set   files   with   httpd_sys_script_ro_t   if   you   want
httpd_sys_script_exec_t scripts to read the data,  and  disallow
other sys scripts from access.

-   Set   files   with   httpd_sys_script_rw_t   if   you   want
httpd_sys_script_exec_t scripts to read/write the data, and dis-
allow other non sys scripts from access.

-   Set   files   with   httpd_sys_script_ra_t   if   you   want
httpd_sys_script_exec_t scripts to read/append to the file,  and
disallow other non sys scripts from access.

-  Set  cgi scripts with httpd_unconfined_script_exec_t to allow
them to run without any SELinux protection. This should only  be
used  for  a  very  complex  httpd scripts, after exhausting all
other options.  It is better to  use  this  script  rather  than
turning off SELinux protection for httpd.

With  certain  policies  you can define addional file contexts based on
roles like user or  staff.   httpd_user_script_exec_t  can  be  defined
where it would only have access to "user" contexts.

If  you  want to share files with multiple domains (Apache, FTP, rsync,
Samba), you can set a file context of public_content_t and  public_con-
tent_rw_t.   These  context  allow any of the above domains to read the
content.  If you want a particular domain to write to  the  public_con-
tent_rw_t    domain,    you   must   set   the   appropriate   boolean.
allow_DOMAIN_anon_write.  So for httpd you would execute:

setsebool -P allow_httpd_anon_write=1


setsebool -P allow_httpd_sys_script_anon_write=1

SELinux policy is customizable based on least access required.   So  by
default SElinux prevents certain http scripts from working.  httpd pol-
icy is extremely flexible and has several booleans that  allow  you  to
manipulate  the policy and run httpd with the tightest access possible.

httpd  can  be  setup  to  allow  cgi  scripts  to  be  executed,   set
httpd_enable_cgi to allow this

setsebool -P httpd_enable_cgi 1

httpd by default is not allowed to access users home  directories.   If
you  want to allow access to users home directories you need to set the
httpd_enable_homedirs boolean and change the context of the files  that
you want people to access off the home dir.

setsebool -P httpd_enable_homedirs 1
chcon -R -t httpd_sys_content_t ~user/public_html

httpd by default is not allowed access to the controling terminal.   In
most  cases  this is prefered, because an intruder might be able to use
the access to the terminal to gain privileges. But  in  certain  situa-
tions  httpd needs to prompt for a password to open a certificate file,
in these cases, terminal access is required.   Set  the  httpd_tty_comm
boolean to allow terminal access.

setsebool -P httpd_tty_comm 1

httpd can be configured to not differentiate  file  controls  based  on
context, i.e. all files labeled as httpd context can be read/write/exe-
cute.  Setting this boolean to false allows you to setup  the  security
policy such that one httpd service can not interfere with another.

setsebool -P httpd_unified 0

httpd can be configured to turn off internal scripting (PHP).  PHP  and
loadable modules run under the same context as httpd.  Therefore
several  policy  rules  allow httpd greater access to the system
then is needed if you only use external cgi scripts.

setsebool -P httpd_builtin_scripting 0

httpd scripts by default are not allowed to connect out to the network.
This would prevent a hacker from breaking into you httpd  server
and attacking other machines.  If you need scripts to be able to
connect you can set the httpd_can_network_connect boolean on.

setsebool -P httpd_can_network_connect 1

You can disable suexec transition, set httpd_suexec_disable_trans  deny

setsebool -P httpd_suexec_disable_trans 1

You can disable SELinux protection for the httpd daemon by executing:

setsebool -P httpd_disable_trans 1
service httpd restart

system-config-securitylevel  is  a  GUI  tool  available  to  customize
SELinux policy settings.

This manual page was written by Dan Walsh <>.

selinux(8), httpd(8), chcon(1), setsebool(8)                 17 Jan 2005                 httpd_selinux(8)